# Posts tagged as “medium”

Given an array of events where events[i] = [startDayi, endDayi]. Every event i starts at startDayiand ends at endDayi.

You can attend an event i at any day d where startTimei <= d <= endTimei. Notice that you can only attend one event at any time d.

Return the maximum number of events you can attend.

Example 1:

Input: events = [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4]]
Output: 3
Explanation: You can attend all the three events.
One way to attend them all is as shown.
Attend the first event on day 1.
Attend the second event on day 2.
Attend the third event on day 3.


Example 2:

Input: events= [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4],[1,2]]
Output: 4


Example 3:

Input: events = [[1,4],[4,4],[2,2],[3,4],[1,1]]
Output: 4


Example 4:

Input: events = [[1,100000]]
Output: 1


Example 5:

Input: events = [[1,1],[1,2],[1,3],[1,4],[1,5],[1,6],[1,7]]
Output: 7


Constraints:

• 1 <= events.length <= 10^5
• events[i].length == 2
• 1 <= events[i] <= events[i] <= 10^5

## Solution: Greedy

Sort events by end time, for each event find the first available day to attend.

Time complexity: O(sum(endtime – starttime)) = O(10^10)
Space complexity: O(max(endtime – starttime) = O(10^5)

## Python

We can use a TreeSet to maintain the open days and do a binary search to find the first available day.

Time complexity: O(nlogd)
Space complexity: O(d)

## C++

Implement the class ProductOfNumbers that supports two methods:

1. add(int num)

• Adds the number num to the back of the current list of numbers.

2. getProduct(int k)

• Returns the product of the last k numbers in the current list.
• You can assume that always the current list has at least k numbers.

At any time, the product of any contiguous sequence of numbers will fit into a single 32-bit integer without overflowing.

Example:

Input
[[],,,,,,,,,,]

Output: [null,null,null,null,null,null,20,40,0,null,32]
Explanation:
ProductOfNumbers productOfNumbers = new ProductOfNumbers();
productOfNumbers.getProduct(2); // return 20.
The product of the last 2 numbers is 5 * 4 = 20
productOfNumbers.getProduct(3); // return 40. The product of the last 3 numbers is 2 * 5 * 4 = 40
productOfNumbers.getProduct(4); // return 0. The product of the last 4 numbers is 0 * 2 * 5 * 4 = 0
productOfNumbers.getProduct(2); // return 32. The product of the last 2 numbers is 4 * 8 = 32


Constraints:

• There will be at most 40000 operations considering both add and getProduct.
• 0 <= num <= 100
• 1 <= k <= 40000

## Solution: Prefix product

Use p[i] to store the prod of a1*a2*…ai
p[i] = ai*p[i-1]
If ai is 0, reset p = .
Compare k with the len(p), if k is greater than len(p) which means there is 0 recently, return 0.
otherwise return p[n] / p[n – k – 1]

Time complexity: Add: O(1), getProduct: O(1)
Space complexity: O(n)

## C++

Given two numbers, hour and minutes. Return the smaller angle (in sexagesimal units) formed between the hour and the minute hand.

Example 1:

Input: hour = 12, minutes = 30
Output: 165


Example 2:

Input: hour = 3, minutes = 30
Output: 75


Example 3:

Input: hour = 3, minutes = 15
Output: 7.5


Example 4:

Input: hour = 4, minutes = 50
Output: 155


Example 5:

Input: hour = 12, minutes = 0
Output: 0


Constraints:

• 1 <= hour <= 12
• 0 <= minutes <= 59
• Answers within 10^-5 of the actual value will be accepted as correct.

Solution: Math

1. Compute the angle of the hour hand (h + m / 60.0) * 360 / 12 as a_h
2. Compute the angle of the minute hand m / 60.0 * 360 as a_m
3. ans = min(abs(a_h – a_m), 360 – abs(a_h – a_m))

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given an array of integers arr and two integers k and threshold.

Return the number of sub-arrays of size k and average greater than or equal to threshold.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,2,2,2,5,5,5,8], k = 3, threshold = 4
Output: 3
Explanation: Sub-arrays [2,5,5],[5,5,5] and [5,5,8] have averages 4, 5 and 6 respectively. All other sub-arrays of size 3 have averages less than 4 (the threshold).


Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,1,1,1,1], k = 1, threshold = 0
Output: 5


Example 3:

Input: arr = [11,13,17,23,29,31,7,5,2,3], k = 3, threshold = 5
Output: 6
Explanation: The first 6 sub-arrays of size 3 have averages greater than 5. Note that averages are not integers.


Example 4:

Input: arr = [7,7,7,7,7,7,7], k = 7, threshold = 7
Output: 1


Example 5:

Input: arr = [4,4,4,4], k = 4, threshold = 1
Output: 1


Constraints:

• 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
• 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^4
• 1 <= k <= arr.length
• 0 <= threshold <= 10^4

## Solution: Sliding Window

1. Window size = k
2. Maintain the sum of the window
3. Check sum >= threshold * k

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

We sampled integers between 0 and 255, and stored the results in an array count:  count[k] is the number of integers we sampled equal to k.

Return the minimum, maximum, mean, median, and mode of the sample respectively, as an array of floating point numbers.  The mode is guaranteed to be unique.

(Recall that the median of a sample is:

• The middle element, if the elements of the sample were sorted and the number of elements is odd;
• The average of the middle two elements, if the elements of the sample were sorted and the number of elements is even.)

Example 1:

Input: count = [0,1,3,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]
Output: [1.00000,3.00000,2.37500,2.50000,3.00000]


Example 2:

Input: count = [0,4,3,2,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]
Output: [1.00000,4.00000,2.18182,2.00000,1.00000]


Constraints:

1. count.length == 256
2. 1 <= sum(count) <= 10^9
3. The mode of the sample that count represents is unique.
4. Answers within 10^-5 of the true value will be accepted as correct.

## Solution: TreeMap

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

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