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Posts published in “Randomization”

花花酱 LeetCode 961. N-Repeated Element in Size 2N Array

In a array A of size 2N, there are N+1 unique elements, and exactly one of these elements is repeated N times.

Return the element repeated N times.

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,3,3]
Output: 3

Example 2:

Input: [2,1,2,5,3,2]
Output: 2

Example 3:

Input: [5,1,5,2,5,3,5,4]
Output: 5


  1. 4 <= A.length <= 10000
  2. 0 <= A[i] < 10000
  3. A.length is even

Solution: Randomization

Randomly pick two numbers in the array, if they are the same (25% probability) return the number, do it until the two numbers are the same.

Time complexity: O(1) expected 4
Space complexity: O(1)