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Posts published in “Sliding Window”

花花酱 LeetCode 1658. Minimum Operations to Reduce X to Zero

You are given an integer array nums and an integer x. In one operation, you can either remove the leftmost or the rightmost element from the array nums and subtract its value from x. Note that this modifies the array for future operations.

Return the minimum number of operations to reduce x to exactly 0 if it’s possible, otherwise, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,1,4,2,3], x = 5
Output: 2
Explanation: The optimal solution is to remove the last two elements to reduce x to zero.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,6,7,8,9], x = 4
Output: -1

Example 3:

Input: nums = [3,2,20,1,1,3], x = 10
Output: 5
Explanation: The optimal solution is to remove the last three elements and the first two elements (5 operations in total) to reduce x to zero.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 1 <= x <= 109

Solution1: Prefix Sum + Hashtable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution2: Sliding Window

Find the longest sliding window whose sum of elements equals sum(nums) – x
ans = n – window_size

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1610. Maximum Number of Visible Points

You are given an array points, an integer angle, and your location, where location = [posx, posy] and points[i] = [xi, yi] both denote integral coordinates on the X-Y plane.

Initially, you are facing directly east from your position. You cannot move from your position, but you can rotate. In other words, posx and posy cannot be changed. Your field of view in degrees is represented by angle, determining how wide you can see from any given view direction. Let d be the amount in degrees that you rotate counterclockwise. Then, your field of view is the inclusive range of angles [d - angle/2, d + angle/2].

You can see some set of points if, for each point, the angle formed by the point, your position, and the immediate east direction from your position is in your field of view.

There can be multiple points at one coordinate. There may be points at your location, and you can always see these points regardless of your rotation. Points do not obstruct your vision to other points.

Return the maximum number of points you can see.

Example 1:

Input: points = [[2,1],[2,2],[3,3]], angle = 90, location = [1,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: The shaded region represents your field of view. All points can be made visible in your field of view, including [3,3] even though [2,2] is in front and in the same line of sight.

Example 2:

Input: points = [[2,1],[2,2],[3,4],[1,1]], angle = 90, location = [1,1]
Output: 4
Explanation: All points can be made visible in your field of view, including the one at your location.

Example 3:

Input: points = [[1,0],[2,1]], angle = 13, location = [1,1]
Output: 1
Explanation: You can only see one of the two points, as shown above.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= points.length <= 105
  • points[i].length == 2
  • location.length == 2
  • 0 <= angle < 360
  • 0 <= posx, posy, xi, yi <= 109

Solution: Sliding window

Sort all the points by angle, duplicate the points with angle + 2*PI to deal with turn around case.

maintain a window [l, r] such that angle[r] – angle[l] <= fov

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1525. Number of Good Ways to Split a String

You are given a string s, a split is called good if you can split s into 2 non-empty strings p and q where its concatenation is equal to s and the number of distinct letters in p and q are the same.

Return the number of good splits you can make in s.

Example 1:

Input: s = "aacaba"
Output: 2
Explanation: There are 5 ways to split "aacaba" and 2 of them are good. 
("a", "acaba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aa", "caba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aac", "aba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aaca", "ba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aacab", "a") Left string and right string contains 3 and 1 different letters respectively.

Example 2:

Input: s = "abcd"
Output: 1
Explanation: Split the string as follows ("ab", "cd").

Example 3:

Input: s = "aaaaa"
Output: 4
Explanation: All possible splits are good.

Example 4:

Input: s = "acbadbaada"
Output: 2

Constraints:

  • s contains only lowercase English letters.
  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5

Solution: Sliding Window

  1. Count the frequency of each letter and count number of unique letters for the entire string as right part.
  2. Iterate over the string, add current letter to the left part, and remove it from the right part.
  3. We only
    1. increase the number of unique letters when its frequency becomes to 1
    2. decrease the number of unique letters when its frequency becomes to 0

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

java

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1477. Find Two Non-overlapping Sub-arrays Each With Target Sum

Given an array of integers arr and an integer target.

You have to find two non-overlapping sub-arrays of arr each with sum equal target. There can be multiple answers so you have to find an answer where the sum of the lengths of the two sub-arrays is minimum.

Return the minimum sum of the lengths of the two required sub-arrays, or return -1 if you cannot find such two sub-arrays.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [3,2,2,4,3], target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: Only two sub-arrays have sum = 3 ([3] and [3]). The sum of their lengths is 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [7,3,4,7], target = 7
Output: 2
Explanation: Although we have three non-overlapping sub-arrays of sum = 7 ([7], [3,4] and [7]), but we will choose the first and third sub-arrays as the sum of their lengths is 2.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [4,3,2,6,2,3,4], target = 6
Output: -1
Explanation: We have only one sub-array of sum = 6.

Example 4:

Input: arr = [5,5,4,4,5], target = 3
Output: -1
Explanation: We cannot find a sub-array of sum = 3.

Example 5:

Input: arr = [3,1,1,1,5,1,2,1], target = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: Note that sub-arrays [1,2] and [2,1] cannot be an answer because they overlap.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 1000
  • 1 <= target <= 10^8

Solution: Sliding Window + Best so far

  1. Use a sliding window to maintain a subarray whose sum is <= target
  2. When the sum of the sliding window equals to target, we found a subarray [s, e]
  3. Update ans with it’s length + shortest subarray which ends before s.
  4. We can use an array to store the shortest subarray which ends before s.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1456. Maximum Number of Vowels in a Substring of Given Length

Given a string s and an integer k.

Return the maximum number of vowel letters in any substring of s with length k.

Vowel letters in English are (a, e, i, o, u).

Example 1:

Input: s = "abciiidef", k = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: The substring "iii" contains 3 vowel letters.

Example 2:

Input: s = "aeiou", k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: Any substring of length 2 contains 2 vowels.

Example 3:

Input: s = "leetcode", k = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: "lee", "eet" and "ode" contain 2 vowels.

Example 4:

Input: s = "rhythms", k = 4
Output: 0
Explanation: We can see that s doesn't have any vowel letters.

Example 5:

Input: s = "tryhard", k = 4
Output: 1

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s consists of lowercase English letters.
  • 1 <= k <= s.length

Solution: Sliding Window

Keep tracking the number of vows in a window of size k.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++