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Posts published in “Sliding Window”

花花酱 LeetCode 1477. Find Two Non-overlapping Sub-arrays Each With Target Sum

Given an array of integers arr and an integer target.

You have to find two non-overlapping sub-arrays of arr each with sum equal target. There can be multiple answers so you have to find an answer where the sum of the lengths of the two sub-arrays is minimum.

Return the minimum sum of the lengths of the two required sub-arrays, or return -1 if you cannot find such two sub-arrays.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [3,2,2,4,3], target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: Only two sub-arrays have sum = 3 ([3] and [3]). The sum of their lengths is 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [7,3,4,7], target = 7
Output: 2
Explanation: Although we have three non-overlapping sub-arrays of sum = 7 ([7], [3,4] and [7]), but we will choose the first and third sub-arrays as the sum of their lengths is 2.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [4,3,2,6,2,3,4], target = 6
Output: -1
Explanation: We have only one sub-array of sum = 6.

Example 4:

Input: arr = [5,5,4,4,5], target = 3
Output: -1
Explanation: We cannot find a sub-array of sum = 3.

Example 5:

Input: arr = [3,1,1,1,5,1,2,1], target = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: Note that sub-arrays [1,2] and [2,1] cannot be an answer because they overlap.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 1000
  • 1 <= target <= 10^8

Solution: Sliding Window + Best so far

  1. Use a sliding window to maintain a subarray whose sum is <= target
  2. When the sum of the sliding window equals to target, we found a subarray [s, e]
  3. Update ans with it’s length + shortest subarray which ends before s.
  4. We can use an array to store the shortest subarray which ends before s.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1456. Maximum Number of Vowels in a Substring of Given Length

Given a string s and an integer k.

Return the maximum number of vowel letters in any substring of s with length k.

Vowel letters in English are (a, e, i, o, u).

Example 1:

Input: s = "abciiidef", k = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: The substring "iii" contains 3 vowel letters.

Example 2:

Input: s = "aeiou", k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: Any substring of length 2 contains 2 vowels.

Example 3:

Input: s = "leetcode", k = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: "lee", "eet" and "ode" contain 2 vowels.

Example 4:

Input: s = "rhythms", k = 4
Output: 0
Explanation: We can see that s doesn't have any vowel letters.

Example 5:

Input: s = "tryhard", k = 4
Output: 1

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s consists of lowercase English letters.
  • 1 <= k <= s.length

Solution: Sliding Window

Keep tracking the number of vows in a window of size k.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1343. Number of Sub-arrays of Size K and Average Greater than or Equal to Threshold

Given an array of integers arr and two integers k and threshold.

Return the number of sub-arrays of size k and average greater than or equal to threshold.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,2,2,2,5,5,5,8], k = 3, threshold = 4
Output: 3
Explanation: Sub-arrays [2,5,5],[5,5,5] and [5,5,8] have averages 4, 5 and 6 respectively. All other sub-arrays of size 3 have averages less than 4 (the threshold).

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,1,1,1,1], k = 1, threshold = 0
Output: 5

Example 3:

Input: arr = [11,13,17,23,29,31,7,5,2,3], k = 3, threshold = 5
Output: 6
Explanation: The first 6 sub-arrays of size 3 have averages greater than 5. Note that averages are not integers.

Example 4:

Input: arr = [7,7,7,7,7,7,7], k = 7, threshold = 7
Output: 1

Example 5:

Input: arr = [4,4,4,4], k = 4, threshold = 1
Output: 1

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^4
  • 1 <= k <= arr.length
  • 0 <= threshold <= 10^4

Solution: Sliding Window

  1. Window size = k
  2. Maintain the sum of the window
  3. Check sum >= threshold * k

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1208. Get Equal Substrings Within Budget

You are given two strings s and t of the same length. You want to change s to t. Changing the i-th character of s to i-th character of t costs |s[i] - t[i]| that is, the absolute difference between the ASCII values of the characters.

You are also given an integer maxCost.

Return the maximum length of a substring of s that can be changed to be the same as the corresponding substring of twith a cost less than or equal to maxCost.

If there is no substring from s that can be changed to its corresponding substring from t, return 0.

Example 1:

Input: s = "abcd", t = "bcdf", cost = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: "abc" of s can change to "bcd". That costs 3, so the maximum length is 3.

Example 2:

Input: s = "abcd", t = "cdef", cost = 3
Output: 1
Explanation: Each charactor in s costs 2 to change to charactor in t, so the maximum length is 1.

Example 3:

Input: s = "abcd", t = "acde", cost = 0
Output: 1
Explanation: You can't make any change, so the maximum length is 1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length, t.length <= 10^5
  • 0 <= maxCost <= 10^6
  • s and t only contain lower case English letters.

Solution 1: Binary Search

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Sliding Window

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1176. Diet Plan Performance

A dieter consumes calories[i] calories on the i-th day.  For every consecutive sequence of k days, they look at T, the total calories consumed during that sequence of k days:

  • If T < lower, they performed poorly on their diet and lose 1 point; 
  • If T > upper, they performed well on their diet and gain 1 point;
  • Otherwise, they performed normally and there is no change in points.

Return the total number of points the dieter has after all calories.length days.

Note that: The total points could be negative.

Example 1:

Input: calories = [1,2,3,4,5], k = 1, lower = 3, upper = 3
Output: 0
Explaination: calories[0], calories[1] < lower and calories[3], calories[4] > upper, total points = 0.

Example 2:

Input: calories = [3,2], k = 2, lower = 0, upper = 1
Output: 1
Explaination: calories[0] + calories[1] > upper, total points = 1.

Example 3:

Input: calories = [6,5,0,0], k = 2, lower = 1, upper = 5
Output: 0
Explaination: calories[0] + calories[1] > upper, calories[2] + calories[3] < lower, total points = 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= k <= calories.length <= 10^5
  • 0 <= calories[i] <= 20000
  • 0 <= lower <= upper

Solution: Sliding Window

Maintain the sum of a sliding window length of k.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++