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Posts tagged as “sort”

花花酱 LeetCode 1710. Maximum Units on a Truck

You are assigned to put some amount of boxes onto one truck. You are given a 2D array boxTypes, where boxTypes[i] = [numberOfBoxesi, numberOfUnitsPerBoxi]:

  • numberOfBoxesi is the number of boxes of type i.
  • numberOfUnitsPerBoxiis the number of units in each box of the type i.

You are also given an integer truckSize, which is the maximum number of boxes that can be put on the truck. You can choose any boxes to put on the truck as long as the number of boxes does not exceed truckSize.

Return the maximum total number of units that can be put on the truck.

Example 1:

Input: boxTypes = [[1,3],[2,2],[3,1]], truckSize = 4
Output: 8
Explanation: There are:
- 1 box of the first type that contains 3 units.
- 2 boxes of the second type that contain 2 units each.
- 3 boxes of the third type that contain 1 unit each.
You can take all the boxes of the first and second types, and one box of the third type.
The total number of units will be = (1 * 3) + (2 * 2) + (1 * 1) = 8.

Example 2:

Input: boxTypes = [[5,10],[2,5],[4,7],[3,9]], truckSize = 10
Output: 91

Constraints:

  • 1 <= boxTypes.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= numberOfBoxesi, numberOfUnitsPerBoxi <= 1000
  • 1 <= truckSize <= 106

Solution: Greedy

Sort by unit in descending order.

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1637. Widest Vertical Area Between Two Points Containing No Points

Given n points on a 2D plane where points[i] = [xi, yi], Return the widest vertical area between two points such that no points are inside the area.

vertical area is an area of fixed-width extending infinitely along the y-axis (i.e., infinite height). The widest vertical area is the one with the maximum width.

Note that points on the edge of a vertical area are not considered included in the area.

Example 1:

Input: points = [[8,7],[9,9],[7,4],[9,7]]
Output: 1
Explanation: Both the red and the blue area are optimal.

Example 2:

Input: points = [[3,1],[9,0],[1,0],[1,4],[5,3],[8,8]]
Output: 3

Constraints:

  • n == points.length
  • 2 <= n <= 105
  • points[i].length == 2
  • 0 <= xi, yi <= 109

Solution: Sort by x coordinates

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1619. Mean of Array After Removing Some Elements

Given an integer array arr, return the mean of the remaining integers after removing the smallest 5% and the largest 5% of the elements.

Answers within 10-5 of the actual answer will be considered accepted.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [1,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,3]
Output: 2.00000
Explanation: After erasing the minimum and the maximum values of this array, all elements are equal to 2, so the mean is 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [6,2,7,5,1,2,0,3,10,2,5,0,5,5,0,8,7,6,8,0]
Output: 4.00000

Example 3:

Input: arr = [6,0,7,0,7,5,7,8,3,4,0,7,8,1,6,8,1,1,2,4,8,1,9,5,4,3,8,5,10,8,6,6,1,0,6,10,8,2,3,4]
Output: 4.77778

Example 4:

Input: arr = [9,7,8,7,7,8,4,4,6,8,8,7,6,8,8,9,2,6,0,0,1,10,8,6,3,3,5,1,10,9,0,7,10,0,10,4,1,10,6,9,3,6,0,0,2,7,0,6,7,2,9,7,7,3,0,1,6,1,10,3]
Output: 5.27778

Example 5:

Input: arr = [4,8,4,10,0,7,1,3,7,8,8,3,4,1,6,2,1,1,8,0,9,8,0,3,9,10,3,10,1,10,7,3,2,1,4,9,10,7,6,4,0,8,5,1,2,1,6,2,5,0,7,10,9,10,3,7,10,5,8,5,7,6,7,6,10,9,5,10,5,5,7,2,10,7,7,8,2,0,1,1]
Output: 5.29167

Constraints:

  • 20 <= arr.length <= 1000
  • arr.lengthis a multiple of 20.
  • 0 <= arr[i] <= 105

Solution: Sorting

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1508. Range Sum of Sorted Subarray Sums

Given the array nums consisting of n positive integers. You computed the sum of all non-empty continous subarrays from the array and then sort them in non-decreasing order, creating a new array of n * (n + 1) / 2 numbers.

Return the sum of the numbers from index left to index right (indexed from 1), inclusive, in the new array. Since the answer can be a huge number return it modulo 10^9 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 1, right = 5
Output: 13 
Explanation: All subarray sums are 1, 3, 6, 10, 2, 5, 9, 3, 7, 4. After sorting them in non-decreasing order we have the new array [1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10]. The sum of the numbers from index le = 1 to ri = 5 is 1 + 2 + 3 + 3 + 4 = 13. 

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 3, right = 4
Output: 6
Explanation: The given array is the same as example 1. We have the new array [1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10]. The sum of the numbers from index le = 3 to ri = 4 is 3 + 3 = 6.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 1, right = 10
Output: 50

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 10^3
  • nums.length == n
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 100
  • 1 <= left <= right <= n * (n + 1) / 2

Solution 1: Brute Force

Find sums of all the subarrays and sort the values.

Time complexity: O(n^2logn)
Space complexity: O(n^2)

C++

Java

Python3

Solution 2: Priority Queue / Min Heap

For each subarray, start with one element e.g nums[i], put them into a priority queue (min heap). Each time, we have the smallest subarray sum, and extend that subarray and put the new sum back into priority queue. Thought it has the same time complexity as the brute force one in worst case, but space complexity can be reduce to O(n).

Time complexity: O(n^2logn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Java

Python3

Solution 3: Binary Search + Sliding Window

Use binary search to find S s.t. that there are at least k subarrys have sum <= S.

Given S, we can use sliding window to count how many subarrays have sum <= S and their total sum.

ans = sums_of_first(right) – sums_of_first(left – 1).

Time complexity: O(n * log(sum(nums))
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1481. Least Number of Unique Integers after K Removals

Given an array of integers arr and an integer k. Find the least number of unique integers after removing exactly k elements.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [5,5,4], k = 1
Output: 1
Explanation: Remove the single 4, only 5 is left.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [4,3,1,1,3,3,2], k = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: Remove 4, 2 and either one of the two 1s or three 3s. 1 and 3 will be left.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^9
  • 0 <= k <= arr.length

Solution: Greedy

Count the frequency of each unique number. Sort by frequency, remove items with lowest frequency first.

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++