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Posts tagged as “sliding window”

花花酱 LeetCode 1658. Minimum Operations to Reduce X to Zero

You are given an integer array nums and an integer x. In one operation, you can either remove the leftmost or the rightmost element from the array nums and subtract its value from x. Note that this modifies the array for future operations.

Return the minimum number of operations to reduce x to exactly 0 if it’s possible, otherwise, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,1,4,2,3], x = 5
Output: 2
Explanation: The optimal solution is to remove the last two elements to reduce x to zero.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,6,7,8,9], x = 4
Output: -1

Example 3:

Input: nums = [3,2,20,1,1,3], x = 10
Output: 5
Explanation: The optimal solution is to remove the last three elements and the first two elements (5 operations in total) to reduce x to zero.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 1 <= x <= 109

Solution1: Prefix Sum + Hashtable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution2: Sliding Window

Find the longest sliding window whose sum of elements equals sum(nums) – x
ans = n – window_size

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1610. Maximum Number of Visible Points

You are given an array points, an integer angle, and your location, where location = [posx, posy] and points[i] = [xi, yi] both denote integral coordinates on the X-Y plane.

Initially, you are facing directly east from your position. You cannot move from your position, but you can rotate. In other words, posx and posy cannot be changed. Your field of view in degrees is represented by angle, determining how wide you can see from any given view direction. Let d be the amount in degrees that you rotate counterclockwise. Then, your field of view is the inclusive range of angles [d - angle/2, d + angle/2].

You can see some set of points if, for each point, the angle formed by the point, your position, and the immediate east direction from your position is in your field of view.

There can be multiple points at one coordinate. There may be points at your location, and you can always see these points regardless of your rotation. Points do not obstruct your vision to other points.

Return the maximum number of points you can see.

Example 1:

Input: points = [[2,1],[2,2],[3,3]], angle = 90, location = [1,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: The shaded region represents your field of view. All points can be made visible in your field of view, including [3,3] even though [2,2] is in front and in the same line of sight.

Example 2:

Input: points = [[2,1],[2,2],[3,4],[1,1]], angle = 90, location = [1,1]
Output: 4
Explanation: All points can be made visible in your field of view, including the one at your location.

Example 3:

Input: points = [[1,0],[2,1]], angle = 13, location = [1,1]
Output: 1
Explanation: You can only see one of the two points, as shown above.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= points.length <= 105
  • points[i].length == 2
  • location.length == 2
  • 0 <= angle < 360
  • 0 <= posx, posy, xi, yi <= 109

Solution: Sliding window

Sort all the points by angle, duplicate the points with angle + 2*PI to deal with turn around case.

maintain a window [l, r] such that angle[r] – angle[l] <= fov

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1525. Number of Good Ways to Split a String

You are given a string s, a split is called good if you can split s into 2 non-empty strings p and q where its concatenation is equal to s and the number of distinct letters in p and q are the same.

Return the number of good splits you can make in s.

Example 1:

Input: s = "aacaba"
Output: 2
Explanation: There are 5 ways to split "aacaba" and 2 of them are good. 
("a", "acaba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aa", "caba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aac", "aba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aaca", "ba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aacab", "a") Left string and right string contains 3 and 1 different letters respectively.

Example 2:

Input: s = "abcd"
Output: 1
Explanation: Split the string as follows ("ab", "cd").

Example 3:

Input: s = "aaaaa"
Output: 4
Explanation: All possible splits are good.

Example 4:

Input: s = "acbadbaada"
Output: 2

Constraints:

  • s contains only lowercase English letters.
  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5

Solution: Sliding Window

  1. Count the frequency of each letter and count number of unique letters for the entire string as right part.
  2. Iterate over the string, add current letter to the left part, and remove it from the right part.
  3. We only
    1. increase the number of unique letters when its frequency becomes to 1
    2. decrease the number of unique letters when its frequency becomes to 0

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

java

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1521. Find a Value of a Mysterious Function Closest to Target

Winston was given the above mysterious function func. He has an integer array arr and an integer target and he wants to find the values l and r that make the value |func(arr, l, r) - target| minimum possible.

Return the minimum possible value of |func(arr, l, r) - target|.

Notice that func should be called with the values l and r where 0 <= l, r < arr.length.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [9,12,3,7,15], target = 5
Output: 2
Explanation: Calling func with all the pairs of [l,r] = [[0,0],[1,1],[2,2],[3,3],[4,4],[0,1],[1,2],[2,3],[3,4],[0,2],[1,3],[2,4],[0,3],[1,4],[0,4]], Winston got the following results [9,12,3,7,15,8,0,3,7,0,0,3,0,0,0]. The value closest to 5 is 7 and 3, thus the minimum difference is 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1000000,1000000,1000000], target = 1
Output: 999999
Explanation: Winston called the func with all possible values of [l,r] and he always got 1000000, thus the min difference is 999999.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [1,2,4,8,16], target = 0
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^6
  • 0 <= target <= 10^7

Solution: Brute Force w/ Optimization

Try all possible [l, r] range with pruning.
1. for a given l, we extend r, since s & x <= s, if s becomes less than target, we can stop the inner loop.
2. Case 1, s = arr[l] & … & arr[n-1], s > target,
Let s’ = arr[l+1] & … & arr[n-1], s’ >= s,
if s > target, then s’ > target, we can stop outer loop as well.
Case 2, inner loop stops at r, s = arr[l] & … & arr[r], s <= target, we continue with l+1.

Time complexity: O(n)? on average, O(n^2) in worst case.
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1508. Range Sum of Sorted Subarray Sums

Given the array nums consisting of n positive integers. You computed the sum of all non-empty continous subarrays from the array and then sort them in non-decreasing order, creating a new array of n * (n + 1) / 2 numbers.

Return the sum of the numbers from index left to index right (indexed from 1), inclusive, in the new array. Since the answer can be a huge number return it modulo 10^9 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 1, right = 5
Output: 13 
Explanation: All subarray sums are 1, 3, 6, 10, 2, 5, 9, 3, 7, 4. After sorting them in non-decreasing order we have the new array [1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10]. The sum of the numbers from index le = 1 to ri = 5 is 1 + 2 + 3 + 3 + 4 = 13. 

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 3, right = 4
Output: 6
Explanation: The given array is the same as example 1. We have the new array [1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10]. The sum of the numbers from index le = 3 to ri = 4 is 3 + 3 = 6.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], n = 4, left = 1, right = 10
Output: 50

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 10^3
  • nums.length == n
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 100
  • 1 <= left <= right <= n * (n + 1) / 2

Solution 1: Brute Force

Find sums of all the subarrays and sort the values.

Time complexity: O(n^2logn)
Space complexity: O(n^2)

C++

Java

Python3

Solution 2: Priority Queue / Min Heap

For each subarray, start with one element e.g nums[i], put them into a priority queue (min heap). Each time, we have the smallest subarray sum, and extend that subarray and put the new sum back into priority queue. Thought it has the same time complexity as the brute force one in worst case, but space complexity can be reduce to O(n).

Time complexity: O(n^2logn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Java

Python3

Solution 3: Binary Search + Sliding Window

Use binary search to find S s.t. that there are at least k subarrys have sum <= S.

Given S, we can use sliding window to count how many subarrays have sum <= S and their total sum.

ans = sums_of_first(right) – sums_of_first(left – 1).

Time complexity: O(n * log(sum(nums))
Space complexity: O(n)

C++