# Posts tagged as “sliding window”

Today, the bookstore owner has a store open for customers.length minutes.  Every minute, some number of customers (customers[i]) enter the store, and all those customers leave after the end of that minute.

On some minutes, the bookstore owner is grumpy.  If the bookstore owner is grumpy on the i-th minute, grumpy[i] = 1, otherwise grumpy[i] = 0.  When the bookstore owner is grumpy, the customers of that minute are not satisfied, otherwise they are satisfied.

The bookstore owner knows a secret technique to keep themselves not grumpy for X minutes straight, but can only use it once.

Return the maximum number of customers that can be satisfied throughout the day.

Example 1:

Input: customers = [1,0,1,2,1,1,7,5], grumpy = [0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1], X = 3
Output: 16
Explanation: The bookstore owner keeps themselves not grumpy for the last 3 minutes.
The maximum number of customers that can be satisfied = 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 7 + 5 = 16.


Note:

• 1 <= X <= customers.length == grumpy.length <= 20000
• 0 <= customers[i] <= 1000
• 0 <= grumpy[i] <= 1

## Solution: Sliding Window

Sum the costumers of non grumpy minutes, recording the max sum of the sliding window of size X.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: o(n)

## C++

Given an array of n positive integers and a positive integer s, find the minimal length of a contiguoussubarray of which the sum ≥ s. If there isn’t one, return 0 instead.

Example:

Input: s = 7, nums = [2,3,1,2,4,3]
Output: 2
Explanation: the subarray [4,3] has the minimal length under the problem constraint.

Follow up:If you have figured out the O(n) solution, try coding another solution of which the time complexity is O(n log n).

Solution 1: Two Pointers (Sliding Window)

Maintain a sliding window [l, r) such that sum(nums[l:r)) >= s, then move l to l + 1, and move r accordingly to make the window valid.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given an array A of 0s and 1s, we may change up to K values from 0 to 1.

Return the length of the longest (contiguous) subarray that contains only 1s.

Example 1:

Input: A = [1,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,0], K = 2
Output: 6
Explanation:
[1,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,1]
Bolded numbers were flipped from 0 to 1.  The longest subarray is underlined.

Example 2:

Input: A = [0,0,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1], K = 3
Output: 10
Explanation:
[0,0,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1]
Bolded numbers were flipped from 0 to 1.  The longest subarray is underlined.


Note:

1. 1 <= A.length <= 20000
2. 0 <= K <= A.length
3. A[i] is 0 or 1

## Solution : Sliding Window

Maintain a window that has at most K zeros

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

You are given a string, s, and a list of words, words, that are all of the same length. Find all starting indices of substring(s) in sthat is a concatenation of each word in words exactly once and without any intervening characters.

Example 1:

Input:
s = "barfoothefoobarman",
words = ["foo","bar"]
Output: [0,9]
Explanation: Substrings starting at index 0 and 9 are "barfoor" and "foobar" respectively.
The output order does not matter, returning [9,0] is fine too.


Example 2:

Input:
s = "wordgoodgoodgoodbestword",
words = ["word","good","best","word"]
Output: []

## Solution1: HashTable + Brute Force

Time complexity: O((|S| – |W|*l) * |W|*l))
Space complexity: O(|W|*l)

## C++

In an array A containing only 0s and 1s, a K-bit flip consists of choosing a (contiguous) subarray of length K and simultaneously changing every 0 in the subarray to 1, and every 1 in the subarray to 0.

Return the minimum number of K-bit flips required so that there is no 0 in the array.  If it is not possible, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: A = [0,1,0], K = 1
Output: 2
Explanation: Flip A, then flip A.


Example 2:

Input: A = [1,1,0], K = 2
Output: -1
Explanation: No matter how we flip subarrays of size 2, we can't make the array become [1,1,1].


Example 3:

Input: A = [0,0,0,1,0,1,1,0], K = 3
Output: 3
Explanation:
Flip A,A,A: A becomes [1,1,1,1,0,1,1,0]
Flip A,A,A: A becomes [1,1,1,1,1,0,0,0]
Flip A,A,A: A becomes [1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1]


Note:

1. 1 <= A.length <= 30000
2. 1 <= K <= A.length

## Solution: Greedy

From left most, if there is a 0, that bit must be flipped since the right ones won’t affect left ones.

Time complexity: O(nk) -> O(k)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++ / O(n)

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