Press "Enter" to skip to content

Posts tagged as “simulation”

花花酱 LeetCode 1716. Calculate Money in Leetcode Bank

Hercy wants to save money for his first car. He puts money in the Leetcode bank every day.

He starts by putting in $1 on Monday, the first day. Every day from Tuesday to Sunday, he will put in $1 more than the day before. On every subsequent Monday, he will put in $1 more than the previous Monday.

Given n, return the total amount of money he will have in the Leetcode bank at the end of the nth day.

Example 1:

Input: n = 4
Output: 10
Explanation: After the 4th day, the total is 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10.

Example 2:

Input: n = 10
Output: 37
Explanation: After the 10th day, the total is (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7) + (2 + 3 + 4) = 37. Notice that on the 2nd Monday, Hercy only puts in $2.

Example 3:

Input: n = 20
Output: 96
Explanation: After the 20th day, the total is (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7) + (2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8) + (3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8) = 96.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 1000

Solution 1: Simulation

Increase the amount by 1 everyday, the decrease 6 after every sunday.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Could also be solved using Math in O(1)

花花酱 LeetCode 1700. Number of Students Unable to Eat Lunch

The school cafeteria offers circular and square sandwiches at lunch break, referred to by numbers 0 and 1 respectively. All students stand in a queue. Each student either prefers square or circular sandwiches.

The number of sandwiches in the cafeteria is equal to the number of students. The sandwiches are placed in a stack. At each step:

  • If the student at the front of the queue prefers the sandwich on the top of the stack, they will take it and leave the queue.
  • Otherwise, they will leave it and go to the queue’s end.

This continues until none of the queue students want to take the top sandwich and are thus unable to eat.

You are given two integer arrays students and sandwiches where sandwiches[i] is the type of the i​​​​​​th sandwich in the stack (i = 0 is the top of the stack) and students[j] is the preference of the j​​​​​​th student in the initial queue (j = 0 is the front of the queue). Return the number of students that are unable to eat.

Example 1:

Input: students = [1,1,0,0], sandwiches = [0,1,0,1]
Output: 0 
Explanation:
- Front student leaves the top sandwich and returns to the end of the line making students = [1,0,0,1].
- Front student leaves the top sandwich and returns to the end of the line making students = [0,0,1,1].
- Front student takes the top sandwich and leaves the line making students = [0,1,1] and sandwiches = [1,0,1].
- Front student leaves the top sandwich and returns to the end of the line making students = [1,1,0].
- Front student takes the top sandwich and leaves the line making students = [1,0] and sandwiches = [0,1].
- Front student leaves the top sandwich and returns to the end of the line making students = [0,1].
- Front student takes the top sandwich and leaves the line making students = [1] and sandwiches = [1].
- Front student takes the top sandwich and leaves the line making students = [] and sandwiches = [].
Hence all students are able to eat.

Example 2:

Input: students = [1,1,1,0,0,1], sandwiches = [1,0,0,0,1,1]
Output: 3

Constraints:

  • 1 <= students.length, sandwiches.length <= 100
  • students.length == sandwiches.length
  • sandwiches[i] is 0 or 1.
  • students[i] is 0 or 1.

Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Counting

Count student’s preferences. Then process students from 1 to n, if there is no sandwich for current student then we can stop, since he/she will block all the students behind him/her.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1688. Count of Matches in Tournament

You are given an integer n, the number of teams in a tournament that has strange rules:

  • If the current number of teams is even, each team gets paired with another team. A total of n / 2 matches are played, and n / 2 teams advance to the next round.
  • If the current number of teams is odd, one team randomly advances in the tournament, and the rest gets paired. A total of (n - 1) / 2 matches are played, and (n - 1) / 2 + 1 teams advance to the next round.

Return the number of matches played in the tournament until a winner is decided.

Example 1:

Input: n = 7
Output: 6
Explanation: Details of the tournament: 
- 1st Round: Teams = 7, Matches = 3, and 4 teams advance.
- 2nd Round: Teams = 4, Matches = 2, and 2 teams advance.
- 3rd Round: Teams = 2, Matches = 1, and 1 team is declared the winner.
Total number of matches = 3 + 2 + 1 = 6.

Example 2:

Input: n = 14
Output: 13
Explanation: Details of the tournament:
- 1st Round: Teams = 14, Matches = 7, and 7 teams advance.
- 2nd Round: Teams = 7, Matches = 3, and 4 teams advance.
- 3rd Round: Teams = 4, Matches = 2, and 2 teams advance.
- 4th Round: Teams = 2, Matches = 1, and 1 team is declared the winner.
Total number of matches = 7 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 13.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 200

Solution: Simulation / Recursion

Time complexity: O(logn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1652. Defuse the Bomb

You have a bomb to defuse, and your time is running out! Your informer will provide you with a circular array code of length of n and a key k.

To decrypt the code, you must replace every number. All the numbers are replaced simultaneously.

  • If k > 0, replace the ith number with the sum of the next k numbers.
  • If k < 0, replace the ith number with the sum of the previous k numbers.
  • If k == 0, replace the ith number with 0.

As code is circular, the next element of code[n-1] is code[0], and the previous element of code[0] is code[n-1].

Given the circular array code and an integer key k, return the decrypted code to defuse the bomb!

Example 1:

Input: code = [5,7,1,4], k = 3
Output: [12,10,16,13]
Explanation: Each number is replaced by the sum of the next 3 numbers. The decrypted code is [7+1+4, 1+4+5, 4+5+7, 5+7+1]. Notice that the numbers wrap around.

Example 2:

Input: code = [1,2,3,4], k = 0
Output: [0,0,0,0]
Explanation: When k is zero, the numbers are replaced by 0. 

Example 3:

Input: code = [2,4,9,3], k = -2
Output: [12,5,6,13]
Explanation: The decrypted code is [3+9, 2+3, 4+2, 9+4]. Notice that the numbers wrap around again. If k is negative, the sum is of the previous numbers.

Constraints:

  • n == code.length
  • 1 <= n <= 100
  • 1 <= code[i] <= 100
  • -(n - 1) <= k <= n - 1

Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n*k)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 1646. Get Maximum in Generated Array

You are given an integer n. An array nums of length n + 1 is generated in the following way:

  • nums[0] = 0
  • nums[1] = 1
  • nums[2 * i] = nums[i] when 2 <= 2 * i <= n
  • nums[2 * i + 1] = nums[i] + nums[i + 1] when 2 <= 2 * i + 1 <= n

Returnthe maximum integer in the array nums​​​.

Example 1:

Input: n = 7
Output: 3
Explanation: According to the given rules:
  nums[0] = 0
  nums[1] = 1
  nums[(1 * 2) = 2] = nums[1] = 1
  nums[(1 * 2) + 1 = 3] = nums[1] + nums[2] = 1 + 1 = 2
  nums[(2 * 2) = 4] = nums[2] = 1
  nums[(2 * 2) + 1 = 5] = nums[2] + nums[3] = 1 + 2 = 3
  nums[(3 * 2) = 6] = nums[3] = 2
  nums[(3 * 2) + 1 = 7] = nums[3] + nums[4] = 2 + 1 = 3
Hence, nums = [0,1,1,2,1,3,2,3], and the maximum is 3.

Example 2:

Input: n = 2
Output: 1
Explanation: According to the given rules, the maximum between nums[0], nums[1], and nums[2] is 1.

Example 3:

Input: n = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: According to the given rules, the maximum between nums[0], nums[1], nums[2], and nums[3] is 2.

Constraints:

  • 0 <= n <= 100

Solution: Simulation

Generate the array by the given rules.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++