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Posts published in “Simulation”

花花酱 LeetCode 1252. Cells with Odd Values in a Matrix

Given n and m which are the dimensions of a matrix initialized by zeros and given an array indices where indices[i] = [ri, ci]. For each pair of [ri, ci] you have to increment all cells in row ri and column ci by 1.

Return the number of cells with odd values in the matrix after applying the increment to all indices.

Example 1:

Input: n = 2, m = 3, indices = [[0,1],[1,1]]
Output: 6
Explanation: Initial matrix = [[0,0,0],[0,0,0]].
After applying first increment it becomes [[1,2,1],[0,1,0]].
The final matrix will be [[1,3,1],[1,3,1]] which contains 6 odd numbers.

Example 2:

Input: n = 2, m = 2, indices = [[1,1],[0,0]]
Output: 0
Explanation: Final matrix = [[2,2],[2,2]]. There is no odd number in the final matrix.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 50
  • 1 <= m <= 50
  • 1 <= indices.length <= 100
  • 0 <= indices[i][0] < n
  • 0 <= indices[i][1] < m

Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O((n+m)*k + n*m)
Space complexity: O(n*m)

C++

Solution 2: Counting

For each row and column, compute how many times it will be increased (odd or even).
For each a[i][j], check how many times the i-th row and j-th column were increased, if the sum is odd then a[i][j] will odd.
Time complexity: O(n*m + k)
Space complexity: O(n+m)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1222. Queens That Can Attack the King

On an 8×8 chessboard, there can be multiple Black Queens and one White King.

Given an array of integer coordinates queens that represents the positions of the Black Queens, and a pair of coordinates king that represent the position of the White King, return the coordinates of all the queens (in any order) that can attack the King.

Example 1:

Input: queens = [[0,1],[1,0],[4,0],[0,4],[3,3],[2,4]], king = [0,0]
Output: [[0,1],[1,0],[3,3]]
Explanation:  
The queen at [0,1] can attack the king cause they're in the same row. 
The queen at [1,0] can attack the king cause they're in the same column. 
The queen at [3,3] can attack the king cause they're in the same diagnal. 
The queen at [0,4] can't attack the king cause it's blocked by the queen at [0,1]. 
The queen at [4,0] can't attack the king cause it's blocked by the queen at [1,0]. 
The queen at [2,4] can't attack the king cause it's not in the same row/column/diagnal as the king.

Example 2:

Input: queens = [[0,0],[1,1],[2,2],[3,4],[3,5],[4,4],[4,5]], king = [3,3]
Output: [[2,2],[3,4],[4,4]]

Example 3:

Input: queens = [[5,6],[7,7],[2,1],[0,7],[1,6],[5,1],[3,7],[0,3],[4,0],[1,2],[6,3],[5,0],[0,4],[2,2],[1,1],[6,4],[5,4],[0,0],[2,6],[4,5],[5,2],[1,4],[7,5],[2,3],[0,5],[4,2],[1,0],[2,7],[0,1],[4,6],[6,1],[0,6],[4,3],[1,7]], king = [3,4]
Output: [[2,3],[1,4],[1,6],[3,7],[4,3],[5,4],[4,5]]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= queens.length <= 63
  • queens[0].length == 2
  • 0 <= queens[i][j] < 8
  • king.length == 2
  • 0 <= king[0], king[1] < 8
  • At most one piece is allowed in a cell.

Solution2: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Solution 2: HashTable + Binary Search

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

Support arbitrarily large boards, e.g. 1e9 x 1e9 with 1e6 # of queens.

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1073. Adding Two Negabinary Numbers

Given two numbers arr1 and arr2 in base -2, return the result of adding them together.

Each number is given in array format:  as an array of 0s and 1s, from most significant bit to least significant bit.  For example, arr = [1,1,0,1] represents the number (-2)^3 + (-2)^2 + (-2)^0 = -3.  A number arr in array format is also guaranteed to have no leading zeros: either arr == [0] or arr[0] == 1.

Return the result of adding arr1 and arr2 in the same format: as an array of 0s and 1s with no leading zeros.

Example 1:

Input: arr1 = [1,1,1,1,1], arr2 = [1,0,1]
Output: [1,0,0,0,0]
Explanation: arr1 represents 11, arr2 represents 5, the output represents 16.

Note:

  1. 1 <= arr1.length <= 1000
  2. 1 <= arr2.length <= 1000
  3. arr1 and arr2 have no leading zeros
  4. arr1[i] is 0 or 1
  5. arr2[i] is 0 or 1

Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1041. Robot Bounded In Circle

On an infinite plane, a robot initially stands at (0, 0) and faces north.  The robot can receive one of three instructions:

  • "G": go straight 1 unit;
  • "L": turn 90 degrees to the left;
  • "R": turn 90 degress to the right.

The robot performs the instructions given in order, and repeats them forever.

Return true if and only if there exists a circle in the plane such that the robot never leaves the circle.

Example 1:

Input: "GGLLGG"
Output: true
Explanation: 
The robot moves from (0,0) to (0,2), turns 180 degrees, and then returns to (0,0).
When repeating these instructions, the robot remains in the circle of radius 2 centered at the origin.

Example 2:

Input: "GG"
Output: false
Explanation: 
The robot moves north indefinitely.

Example 3:

Input: "GL"
Output: true
Explanation: 
The robot moves from (0, 0) -> (0, 1) -> (-1, 1) -> (-1, 0) -> (0, 0) -> ...

Note:

  1. 1 <= instructions.length <= 100
  2. instructions[i] is in {'G', 'L', 'R'}

Solution: Simulation

When instructions end, if the robot is back to (0,0) or is not facing north (which guarantees it will come back to 0, 0 for another 1 or 3 rounds)

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 38. Count and Say

Problem

https://leetcode.com/problems/count-and-say/

The count-and-say sequence is the sequence of integers with the first five terms as following:

1.     1
2.     11
3.     21
4.     1211
5.     111221

1 is read off as "one 1" or 11.
11 is read off as "two 1s" or 21.
21 is read off as "one 2, then one 1" or 1211.

Given an integer n where 1 ≤ n ≤ 30, generate the nth term of the count-and-say sequence.

Note: Each term of the sequence of integers will be represented as a string.

Example 1:

Input: 1
Output: "1"

Example 2:

Input: 4
Output: "1211"

Solution: Recursion + Simulation

C++