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Posts published in “Greedy”

花花酱 LeetCode 1253. Reconstruct a 2-Row Binary Matrix

Given the following details of a matrix with n columns and 2 rows :

  • The matrix is a binary matrix, which means each element in the matrix can be 0 or 1.
  • The sum of elements of the 0-th(upper) row is given as upper.
  • The sum of elements of the 1-st(lower) row is given as lower.
  • The sum of elements in the i-th column(0-indexed) is colsum[i], where colsum is given as an integer array with length n.

Your task is to reconstruct the matrix with upperlower and colsum.

Return it as a 2-D integer array.

If there are more than one valid solution, any of them will be accepted.

If no valid solution exists, return an empty 2-D array.

Example 1:

Input: upper = 2, lower = 1, colsum = [1,1,1]
Output: [[1,1,0],[0,0,1]]
Explanation: [[1,0,1],[0,1,0]], and [[0,1,1],[1,0,0]] are also correct answers.

Example 2:

Input: upper = 2, lower = 3, colsum = [2,2,1,1]
Output: []

Example 3:

Input: upper = 5, lower = 5, colsum = [2,1,2,0,1,0,1,2,0,1]
Output: [[1,1,1,0,1,0,0,1,0,0],[1,0,1,0,0,0,1,1,0,1]]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= colsum.length <= 10^5
  • 0 <= upper, lower <= colsum.length
  • 0 <= colsum[i] <= 2

Solution: Greedy?

Two passes:
first pass, only process sum = 2, upper = 1, lower = 1
second pass, only process sum = 1, whoever has more leftover, assign 1 to that row.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1221. Split a String in Balanced Strings

Balanced strings are those who have equal quantity of ‘L’ and ‘R’ characters.

Given a balanced string s split it in the maximum amount of balanced strings.

Return the maximum amount of splitted balanced strings.

Example 1:

Input: s = "RLRRLLRLRL"
Output: 4
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "RRLL", "RL", "RL", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 2:

Input: s = "RLLLLRRRLR"
Output: 3
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "LLLRRR", "LR", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 3:

Input: s = "LLLLRRRR"
Output: 1
Explanation: s can be split into "LLLLRRRR".

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s[i] = 'L' or 'R'

Solution: Greedy

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 122. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock II

Say you have an array for which the ith element is the price of a given stock on day i.

Design an algorithm to find the maximum profit. You may complete as many transactions as you like (i.e., buy one and sell one share of the stock multiple times).

Note: You may not engage in multiple transactions at the same time (i.e., you must sell the stock before you buy again).

Example 1:

Input: [7,1,5,3,6,4]
Output: 7
Explanation: Buy on day 2 (price = 1) and sell on day 3 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
             Then buy on day 4 (price = 3) and sell on day 5 (price = 6), profit = 6-3 = 3.

Example 2:

Input: [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 4
Explanation: Buy on day 1 (price = 1) and sell on day 5 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
             Note that you cannot buy on day 1, buy on day 2 and sell them later, as you are
             engaging multiple transactions at the same time. You must sell before buying again.

Example 3:

Input: [7,6,4,3,1]
Output: 0
Explanation: In this case, no transaction is done, i.e. max profit = 0.

Solution: Greedy

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1200. Minimum Absolute Difference

Given an array of distinct integers arr, find all pairs of elements with the minimum absolute difference of any two elements. 

Return a list of pairs in ascending order(with respect to pairs), each pair [a, b] follows

  • a, b are from arr
  • a < b
  • b - a equals to the minimum absolute difference of any two elements in arr

Example 1:

Input: arr = [4,2,1,3]
Output: [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4]]
Explanation: The minimum absolute difference is 1. List all pairs with difference equal to 1 in ascending order.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,3,6,10,15]
Output: [[1,3]]

Example 3:

Input: arr = [3,8,-10,23,19,-4,-14,27]
Output: [[-14,-10],[19,23],[23,27]]

Constraints:

  • 2 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • -10^6 <= arr[i] <= 10^6

Solution: Sorting

The min abs difference could only happen between consecutive numbers in sorted form.

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1147. Longest Chunked Palindrome Decomposition

Return the largest possible k such that there exists a_1, a_2, ..., a_k such that:

  • Each a_i is a non-empty string;
  • Their concatenation a_1 + a_2 + ... + a_k is equal to text;
  • For all 1 <= i <= k,  a_i = a_{k+1 - i}.

Example 1:

Input: text = "ghiabcdefhelloadamhelloabcdefghi"
Output: 7
Explanation: We can split the string on "(ghi)(abcdef)(hello)(adam)(hello)(abcdef)(ghi)".

Example 2:

Input: text = "merchant"
Output: 1
Explanation: We can split the string on "(merchant)".

Example 3:

Input: text = "antaprezatepzapreanta"
Output: 11
Explanation: We can split the string on "(a)(nt)(a)(pre)(za)(tpe)(za)(pre)(a)(nt)(a)".

Example 4:

Input: text = "aaa"
Output: 3
Explanation: We can split the string on "(a)(a)(a)".

Solution: Greedy

Break the string when the shortest palindrome is found.
prefer to use string_view

Time complexity: O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++