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Posts tagged as “prefix sum”

花花酱 LeetCode 1480. Running Sum of 1d Array

Given an array nums. We define a running sum of an array as runningSum[i] = sum(nums[0]…nums[i]).

Return the running sum of nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4]
Output: [1,3,6,10]
Explanation: Running sum is obtained as follows: [1, 1+2, 1+2+3, 1+2+3+4].

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,1,1,1,1]
Output: [1,2,3,4,5]
Explanation: Running sum is obtained as follows: [1, 1+1, 1+1+1, 1+1+1+1, 1+1+1+1+1].

Example 3:

Input: nums = [3,1,2,10,1]
Output: [3,4,6,16,17]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • -10^6 <= nums[i] <= 10^6

Solution

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1413. Minimum Value to Get Positive Step by Step Sum

Given an array of integers nums, you start with an initial positive value startValue.

In each iteration, you calculate the step by step sum of startValue plus elements in nums (from left to right).

Return the minimum positive value of startValue such that the step by step sum is never less than 1.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [-3,2,-3,4,2]
Output: 5
Explanation: If you choose startValue = 4, in the third iteration your step by step sum is less than 1.
                step by step sum
                startValue = 4 | startValue = 5 | nums
                  (4 -3 ) = 1  | (5 -3 ) = 2    |  -3
                  (1 +2 ) = 3  | (2 +2 ) = 4    |   2
                  (3 -3 ) = 0  | (4 -3 ) = 1    |  -3
                  (0 +4 ) = 4  | (1 +4 ) = 5    |   4
                  (4 +2 ) = 6  | (5 +2 ) = 7    |   2

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2]
Output: 1
Explanation: Minimum start value should be positive. 

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,-2,-3]
Output: 5

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 100
  • -100 <= nums[i] <= 100

Solution: Prefix sum

Find the minimum prefix sum, ans = – min(prefix_sum, 0) + 1

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1310. XOR Queries of a Subarray

Given the array arr of positive integers and the array queries where queries[i] = [Li, Ri], for each query i compute the XOR of elements from Li to Ri (that is, arr[Lixor arr[Li+1xor ... xor arr[Ri] ). Return an array containing the result for the given queries.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [1,3,4,8], queries = [[0,1],[1,2],[0,3],[3,3]]
Output: [2,7,14,8] 
Explanation: 
The binary representation of the elements in the array are:
1 = 0001 
3 = 0011 
4 = 0100 
8 = 1000 
The XOR values for queries are:
[0,1] = 1 xor 3 = 2 
[1,2] = 3 xor 4 = 7 
[0,3] = 1 xor 3 xor 4 xor 8 = 14 
[3,3] = 8

Example 2:

Input: arr = [4,8,2,10], queries = [[2,3],[1,3],[0,0],[0,3]]
Output: [8,0,4,4]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 3 * 10^4
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^9
  • 1 <= queries.length <= 3 * 10^4
  • queries[i].length == 2
  • 0 <= queries[i][0] <= queries[i][1] < arr.length

Solution: Prefix Sum

Time complexity: O(n) + O(q)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

tby

花花酱 LeetCode 1177. Can Make Palindrome from Substring

Given a string s, we make queries on substrings of s.

For each query queries[i] = [left, right, k], we may rearrange the substring s[left], ..., s[right], and then choose up to k of them to replace with any lowercase English letter. 

If the substring is possible to be a palindrome string after the operations above, the result of the query is true. Otherwise, the result is false.

Return an array answer[], where answer[i] is the result of the i-th query queries[i].

Note that: Each letter is counted individually for replacement so if for example s[left..right] = "aaa", and k = 2, we can only replace two of the letters.  (Also, note that the initial string s is never modified by any query.)

Example :

Input: s = "abcda", queries = [[3,3,0],[1,2,0],[0,3,1],[0,3,2],[0,4,1]]
Output: [true,false,false,true,true]
Explanation:
queries[0] : substring = "d", is palidrome.
queries[1] : substring = "bc", is not palidrome.
queries[2] : substring = "abcd", is not palidrome after replacing only 1 character.
queries[3] : substring = "abcd", could be changed to "abba" which is palidrome. Also this can be changed to "baab" first rearrange it "bacd" then replace "cd" with "ab".
queries[4] : substring = "abcda", could be changed to "abcba" which is palidrome.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length, queries.length <= 10^5
  • 0 <= queries[i][0] <= queries[i][1] < s.length
  • 0 <= queries[i][2] <= s.length
  • s only contains lowercase English letters.

Solution: Prefix frequency

Compute the prefix frequency of each characters, then we can efficiently compute the frequency of each characters in the substring in O(1) time. Count the number odd frequency characters o, we can convert it to a palindrome if o / 2 <= k.

Time complexity:
preprocessing: O(n)
Query: O(1)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

LeetCode 930. Binary Subarrays With Sum

In an array A of 0s and 1s, how many non-empty subarrays have sum S?

Example 1:

Input: A = [1,0,1,0,1], S = 2
Output: 4
Explanation: 
The 4 subarrays are bolded below:
[1,0,1,0,1]
[1,0,1,0,1]
[1,0,1,0,1]
[1,0,1,0,1]

Note:

  1. A.length <= 30000
  2. 0 <= S <= A.length
  3. A[i] is either 0 or 1.

Solution: Prefix Sum

counts[s] := # of subarrays start from 0 that have sum of s
ans += counts[s – S] if s >= S

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++