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Posts tagged as “greedy”

花花酱 LeetCode 2419. Longest Subarray With Maximum Bitwise AND

You are given an integer array nums of size n.

Consider a non-empty subarray from nums that has the maximum possible bitwise AND.

  • In other words, let k be the maximum value of the bitwise AND of any subarray of nums. Then, only subarrays with a bitwise AND equal to k should be considered.

Return the length of the longest such subarray.

The bitwise AND of an array is the bitwise AND of all the numbers in it.

subarray is a contiguous sequence of elements within an array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,3,2,2]
Output: 2
Explanation:
The maximum possible bitwise AND of a subarray is 3.
The longest subarray with that value is [3,3], so we return 2.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4]
Output: 1
Explanation:
The maximum possible bitwise AND of a subarray is 4.
The longest subarray with that value is [4], so we return 1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 106

Solution: Find the largest number

a & b <= a
a & b <= b
if b > a, a & b < b, we choose to start a new sequence of “b” instead of continuing with “ab”

Basically, we find the largest number in the array and count the longest sequence of it. Note, there will be some tricky cases like.
b b b b a b
b a b b b b
We need to return 4 instead of 1.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2405. Optimal Partition of String

Given a string s, partition the string into one or more substrings such that the characters in each substring are unique. That is, no letter appears in a single substring more than once.

Return the minimum number of substrings in such a partition.

Note that each character should belong to exactly one substring in a partition.

Example 1:

Input: s = "abacaba"
Output: 4
Explanation:
Two possible partitions are ("a","ba","cab","a") and ("ab","a","ca","ba").
It can be shown that 4 is the minimum number of substrings needed.

Example 2:

Input: s = "ssssss"
Output: 6
Explanation:
The only valid partition is ("s","s","s","s","s","s").

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 105
  • s consists of only English lowercase letters.

Solution: Greedy

Extend the cur string as long as possible unless a duplicate character occurs.

You can use hashtable / array or bitmask to mark whether a character has been seen so far.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

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C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2242. Maximum Score of a Node Sequence

There is an undirected graph with n nodes, numbered from 0 to n - 1.

You are given a 0-indexed integer array scores of length n where scores[i] denotes the score of node i. You are also given a 2D integer array edges where edges[i] = [ai, bi] denotes that there exists an undirected edge connecting nodes ai and bi.

A node sequence is valid if it meets the following conditions:

  • There is an edge connecting every pair of adjacent nodes in the sequence.
  • No node appears more than once in the sequence.

The score of a node sequence is defined as the sum of the scores of the nodes in the sequence.

Return the maximum score of a valid node sequence with a length of 4If no such sequence exists, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: scores = [5,2,9,8,4], edges = [[0,1],[1,2],[2,3],[0,2],[1,3],[2,4]]
Output: 24
Explanation: The figure above shows the graph and the chosen node sequence [0,1,2,3].
The score of the node sequence is 5 + 2 + 9 + 8 = 24.
It can be shown that no other node sequence has a score of more than 24.
Note that the sequences [3,1,2,0] and [1,0,2,3] are also valid and have a score of 24.
The sequence [0,3,2,4] is not valid since no edge connects nodes 0 and 3.

Example 2:

Input: scores = [9,20,6,4,11,12], edges = [[0,3],[5,3],[2,4],[1,3]]
Output: -1
Explanation: The figure above shows the graph.
There are no valid node sequences of length 4, so we return -1.

Constraints:

  • n == scores.length
  • 4 <= n <= 5 * 104
  • 1 <= scores[i] <= 108
  • 0 <= edges.length <= 5 * 104
  • edges[i].length == 2
  • 0 <= ai, bi <= n - 1
  • ai != bi
  • There are no duplicate edges.

Solution: Greedy / Top3 neighbors

Since |E| is already 5*104, we can’t enumerate all possible sequences. We must do in O(|E|) or O(|E|log|E|).

Enumerate all the edges, we have a pair of node a, b. To get the optimal answer, we just need to find the largest neighbor of a and b, which we call c, d respectively. Just need to make sure a, b, c, d are unique. i.e. c != d, c != b and d != a. Since the a’s largest neighbor can be either b or d. We can’t just store the largest neighbor, but top 3 instead for each node to avoid duplications.

Time complexity: O(|E|*9)
Space complexity: O(|V|*3)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2233. Maximum Product After K Increments

You are given an array of non-negative integers nums and an integer k. In one operation, you may choose any element from nums and increment it by 1.

Return the maximum product of nums after at most k operations. Since the answer may be very large, return it modulo 109 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [0,4], k = 5
Output: 20
Explanation: Increment the first number 5 times.
Now nums = [5, 4], with a product of 5 * 4 = 20.
It can be shown that 20 is maximum product possible, so we return 20.
Note that there may be other ways to increment nums to have the maximum product.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [6,3,3,2], k = 2
Output: 216
Explanation: Increment the second number 1 time and increment the fourth number 1 time.
Now nums = [6, 4, 3, 3], with a product of 6 * 4 * 3 * 3 = 216.
It can be shown that 216 is maximum product possible, so we return 216.
Note that there may be other ways to increment nums to have the maximum product.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length, k <= 105
  • 0 <= nums[i] <= 106

Solution: priority queue

Always increment the smallest number. Proof?

Time complexity: O(klogn + nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2224. Minimum Number of Operations to Convert Time

You are given two strings current and correct representing two 24-hour times.

24-hour times are formatted as "HH:MM", where HH is between 00 and 23, and MM is between 00 and 59. The earliest 24-hour time is 00:00, and the latest is 23:59.

In one operation you can increase the time current by 1515, or 60 minutes. You can perform this operation any number of times.

Return the minimum number of operations needed to convert current to correct.

Example 1:

Input: current = "02:30", correct = "04:35"
Output: 3
Explanation:
We can convert current to correct in 3 operations as follows:
- Add 60 minutes to current. current becomes "03:30".
- Add 60 minutes to current. current becomes "04:30".
- Add 5 minutes to current. current becomes "04:35".
It can be proven that it is not possible to convert current to correct in fewer than 3 operations.

Example 2:

Input: current = "11:00", correct = "11:01"
Output: 1
Explanation: We only have to add one minute to current, so the minimum number of operations needed is 1.

Constraints:

  • current and correct are in the format "HH:MM"
  • current <= correct

Solution: Greedy

Start with 60, then 15, 5 and finally increase 1 minute a time.

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++