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花花酱 LeetCode 1013. Pairs of Songs With Total Durations Divisible by 60

In a list of songs, the i-th song has a duration of time[i] seconds. 

Return the number of pairs of songs for which their total duration in seconds is divisible by 60.  Formally, we want the number of indices i < j with (time[i] + time[j]) % 60 == 0.

Example 1:

Input: [30,20,150,100,40]
Output: 3
Explanation: Three pairs have a total duration divisible by 60:
(time[0] = 30, time[2] = 150): total duration 180
(time[1] = 20, time[3] = 100): total duration 120
(time[1] = 20, time[4] = 40): total duration 60

Example 2:

Input: [60,60,60]
Output: 3
Explanation: All three pairs have a total duration of 120, which is divisible by 60.

Note:

  1. 1 <= time.length <= 60000
  2. 1 <= time[i] <= 500

Solution: Two Sum of 60

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(60)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1002. Find Common Characters

Given an array A of strings made only from lowercase letters, return a list of all characters that show up in all strings within the list (including duplicates).  For example, if a character occurs 3 times in all strings but not 4 times, you need to include that character three times in the final answer.

You may return the answer in any order.

Example 1:

Input: ["bella","label","roller"]
Output: ["e","l","l"]

Example 2:

Input: ["cool","lock","cook"]
Output: ["c","o"]

Note:

  1. 1 <= A.length <= 100
  2. 1 <= A[i].length <= 100
  3. A[i][j] is a lowercase letter

Solution: Min count for each character

Time complexity: O(n*l)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 30. Substring with Concatenation of All Words

You are given a string, s, and a list of words, words, that are all of the same length. Find all starting indices of substring(s) in sthat is a concatenation of each word in words exactly once and without any intervening characters.

Example 1:

Input:
  s = "barfoothefoobarman",
  words = ["foo","bar"]
Output: [0,9]
Explanation: Substrings starting at index 0 and 9 are "barfoor" and "foobar" respectively.
The output order does not matter, returning [9,0] is fine too.

Example 2:

Input:
  s = "wordgoodgoodgoodbestword",
  words = ["word","good","best","word"]
Output: []

Solution1: HashTable + Brute Force

Time complexity: O((|S| – |W|*l) * |W|*l))
Space complexity: O(|W|*l)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1001. Grid Illumination

On a N x N grid of cells, each cell (x, y) with 0 <= x < N and 0 <= y < N has a lamp.

Initially, some number of lamps are on.  lamps[i] tells us the location of the i-th lamp that is on.  Each lamp that is on illuminates every square on its x-axis, y-axis, and both diagonals (similar to a Queen in chess).

For the i-th query queries[i] = (x, y), the answer to the query is 1 if the cell (x, y) is illuminated, else 0.

After each query (x, y) [in the order given by queries], we turn off any lamps that are at cell (x, y) or are adjacent 8-directionally (ie., share a corner or edge with cell (x, y).)

Return an array of answers.  Each value answer[i] should be equal to the answer of the i-th query queries[i].

Example 1:

Input: N = 5, lamps = [[0,0],[4,4]], queries = [[1,1],[1,0]]
Output: [1,0]
Explanation: 
Before performing the first query we have both lamps [0,0] and [4,4] on.
The grid representing which cells are lit looks like this, where [0,0] is the top left corner, and [4,4] is the bottom right corner:
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 1
1 0 1 0 1
1 0 0 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
Then the query at [1, 1] returns 1 because the cell is lit.  After this query, the lamp at [0, 0] turns off, and the grid now looks like this:
1 0 0 0 1
0 1 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
Before performing the second query we have only the lamp [4,4] on.  Now the query at [1,0] returns 0, because the cell is no longer lit.

Note:

  1. 1 <= N <= 10^9
  2. 0 <= lamps.length <= 20000
  3. 0 <= queries.length <= 20000
  4. lamps[i].length == queries[i].length == 2

Solution: HashTable

use lx, ly, lp, lq to track the # of lamps that covers each row, col, diagonal, antidiagonal

Time complexity: O(|L| + |Q|)
Space complexity: O(|L|)

C++

C++ v2

花花酱 LeetCode 981. Time Based Key-Value Store

Create a timebased key-value store class TimeMap, that supports two operations.

1. set(string key, string value, int timestamp)

  • Stores the key and value, along with the given timestamp.

2. get(string key, int timestamp)

  • Returns a value such that set(key, value, timestamp_prev) was called previously, with timestamp_prev <= timestamp.
  • If there are multiple such values, it returns the one with the largest timestamp_prev.
  • If there are no values, it returns the empty string ("").

Example 1:

Input: inputs = ["TimeMap","set","get","get","set","get","get"], inputs = [[],["foo","bar",1],["foo",1],["foo",3],["foo","bar2",4],["foo",4],["foo",5]]
Output: [null,null,"bar","bar",null,"bar2","bar2"]
Explanation:   
TimeMap kv;   
kv.set("foo", "bar", 1); // store the key "foo" and value "bar" along with timestamp = 1   
kv.get("foo", 1);  // output "bar"   
kv.get("foo", 3); // output "bar" since there is no value corresponding to foo at timestamp 3 and timestamp 2, then the only value is at timestamp 1 ie "bar"   
kv.set("foo", "bar2", 4);   
kv.get("foo", 4); // output "bar2"   
kv.get("foo", 5); //output "bar2"   

Example 2:

Input: inputs = ["TimeMap","set","set","get","get","get","get","get"], inputs = [[],["love","high",10],["love","low",20],["love",5],["love",10],["love",15],["love",20],["love",25]]
Output: [null,null,null,"","high","high","low","low"]

Note:

  1. All key/value strings are lowercase.
  2. All key/value strings have length in the range [1, 100]
  3. The timestamps for all TimeMap.set operations are strictly increasing.
  4. 1 <= timestamp <= 10^7
  5. TimeMap.set and TimeMap.get functions will be called a total of 120000 times (combined) per test case.

Solution: HashTable + Map

C++