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Posts published in “Hashtable”

花花酱 LeetCode 1394. Find Lucky Integer in an Array

Given an array of integers arr, a lucky integer is an integer which has a frequency in the array equal to its value.

Return a lucky integer in the array. If there are multiple lucky integers return the largest of them. If there is no lucky integer return -1.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,2,3,4]
Output: 2
Explanation: The only lucky number in the array is 2 because frequency[2] == 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,2,2,3,3,3]
Output: 3
Explanation: 1, 2 and 3 are all lucky numbers, return the largest of them.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [2,2,2,3,3]
Output: -1
Explanation: There are no lucky numbers in the array.

Example 4:

Input: arr = [5]
Output: -1

Example 5:

Input: arr = [7,7,7,7,7,7,7]
Output: 7

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 500
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 500

Solution: Hashtable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1396. Design Underground System

Implement the class UndergroundSystem that supports three methods:

1. checkIn(int id, string stationName, int t)

  • A customer with id card equal to id, gets in the station stationName at time t.
  • A customer can only be checked into one place at a time.

2. checkOut(int id, string stationName, int t)

  • A customer with id card equal to id, gets out from the station stationName at time t.

3. getAverageTime(string startStation, string endStation) 

  • Returns the average time to travel between the startStation and the endStation.
  • The average time is computed from all the previous traveling from startStation to endStation that happened directly.
  • Call to getAverageTime is always valid.

You can assume all calls to checkIn and checkOut methods are consistent. That is, if a customer gets in at time t1 at some station, then it gets out at time t2 with t2 > t1. All events happen in chronological order.

Example 1:

Input
["UndergroundSystem","checkIn","checkIn","checkIn","checkOut","checkOut","checkOut","getAverageTime","getAverageTime","checkIn","getAverageTime","checkOut","getAverageTime"]
[[],[45,"Leyton",3],[32,"Paradise",8],[27,"Leyton",10],[45,"Waterloo",15],[27,"Waterloo",20],[32,"Cambridge",22],["Paradise","Cambridge"],["Leyton","Waterloo"],[10,"Leyton",24],["Leyton","Waterloo"],[10,"Waterloo",38],["Leyton","Waterloo"]]

Output
[null,null,null,null,null,null,null,14.0,11.0,null,11.0,null,12.0]

Explanation
UndergroundSystem undergroundSystem = new UndergroundSystem();
undergroundSystem.checkIn(45, "Leyton", 3);
undergroundSystem.checkIn(32, "Paradise", 8);
undergroundSystem.checkIn(27, "Leyton", 10);
undergroundSystem.checkOut(45, "Waterloo", 15);
undergroundSystem.checkOut(27, "Waterloo", 20);
undergroundSystem.checkOut(32, "Cambridge", 22);
undergroundSystem.getAverageTime("Paradise", "Cambridge");       // return 14.0. There was only one travel from "Paradise" (at time 8) to "Cambridge" (at time 22)
undergroundSystem.getAverageTime("Leyton", "Waterloo");          // return 11.0. There were two travels from "Leyton" to "Waterloo", a customer with id=45 from time=3 to time=15 and a customer with id=27 from time=10 to time=20. So the average time is ( (15-3) + (20-10) ) / 2 = 11.0
undergroundSystem.checkIn(10, "Leyton", 24);
undergroundSystem.getAverageTime("Leyton", "Waterloo");          // return 11.0
undergroundSystem.checkOut(10, "Waterloo", 38);
undergroundSystem.getAverageTime("Leyton", "Waterloo");          // return 12.0

Constraints:

  • There will be at most 20000 operations.
  • 1 <= id, t <= 10^6
  • All strings consist of uppercase, lowercase English letters and digits.
  • 1 <= stationName.length <= 10
  • Answers within 10^-5 of the actual value will be accepted as correct.

Solution: Hashtable

For each user, store the checkin station and time.
For each trip (startStation + “_” + endStation), store the total time and counts.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1386. Cinema Seat Allocation

A cinema has n rows of seats, numbered from 1 to n and there are ten seats in each row, labelled from 1 to 10 as shown in the figure above.

Given the array reservedSeats containing the numbers of seats already reserved, for example, reservedSeats[i]=[3,8] means the seat located in row 3 and labelled with 8 is already reserved. 

Return the maximum number of four-person families you can allocate on the cinema seats. A four-person family occupies fours seats in one row, that are next to each other. Seats across an aisle (such as [3,3] and [3,4]) are not considered to be next to each other, however, It is permissible for the four-person family to be separated by an aisle, but in that case, exactly two people have to sit on each side of the aisle.

Example 1:

Input: n = 3, reservedSeats = [[1,2],[1,3],[1,8],[2,6],[3,1],[3,10]]
Output: 4
Explanation: The figure above shows the optimal allocation for four families, where seats mark with blue are already reserved and contiguous seats mark with orange are for one family. 

Example 2:

Input: n = 2, reservedSeats = [[2,1],[1,8],[2,6]]
Output: 2

Example 3:

Input: n = 4, reservedSeats = [[4,3],[1,4],[4,6],[1,7]]
Output: 4

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 10^9
  • 1 <= reservedSeats.length <= min(10*n, 10^4)
  • reservedSeats[i].length == 2
  • 1 <= reservedSeats[i][0] <= n
  • 1 <= reservedSeats[i][1] <= 10
  • All reservedSeats[i] are distinct.

Solution: HashTable + Greedy

if both seat[2~5] seat[6~9] are empty, seat two groups.
if any of seat[2~5] seat[4~7] seat[6~9] is empty seat one group.
if there is no one sit in a row, seat two groups.

Time complexity: O(|reservedSeats|)
Space complexity: O(|rows|)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 355. Design Twitter

Design a simplified version of Twitter where users can post tweets, follow/unfollow another user and is able to see the 10 most recent tweets in the user’s news feed. Your design should support the following methods:

  1. postTweet(userId, tweetId): Compose a new tweet.
  2. getNewsFeed(userId): Retrieve the 10 most recent tweet ids in the user’s news feed. Each item in the news feed must be posted by users who the user followed or by the user herself. Tweets must be ordered from most recent to least recent.
  3. follow(followerId, followeeId): Follower follows a followee.
  4. unfollow(followerId, followeeId): Follower unfollows a followee.

Example:

Twitter twitter = new Twitter();

// User 1 posts a new tweet (id = 5).
twitter.postTweet(1, 5);

// User 1's news feed should return a list with 1 tweet id -> [5].
twitter.getNewsFeed(1);

// User 1 follows user 2.
twitter.follow(1, 2);

// User 2 posts a new tweet (id = 6).
twitter.postTweet(2, 6);

// User 1's news feed should return a list with 2 tweet ids -> [6, 5].
// Tweet id 6 should precede tweet id 5 because it is posted after tweet id 5.
twitter.getNewsFeed(1);

// User 1 unfollows user 2.
twitter.unfollow(1, 2);

// User 1's news feed should return a list with 1 tweet id -> [5],
// since user 1 is no longer following user 2.
twitter.getNewsFeed(1);

Solution: hashtables

Time complexity:
postTweet O(1)
follow O(1)
unfollow O(1)
getNewsFeed O(nlogn)

Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1371. Find the Longest Substring Containing Vowels in Even Counts

Given the string s, return the size of the longest substring containing each vowel an even number of times. That is, ‘a’, ‘e’, ‘i’, ‘o’, and ‘u’ must appear an even number of times.

Example 1:

Input: s = "eleetminicoworoep"
Output: 13
Explanation: The longest substring is "leetminicowor" which contains two each of the vowels: e, i and o and zero of the vowels: a and u.

Example 2:

Input: s = "leetcodeisgreat"
Output: 5
Explanation: The longest substring is "leetc" which contains two e's.

Example 3:

Input: s = "bcbcbc"
Output: 6
Explanation: In this case, the given string "bcbcbc" is the longest because all vowels: a, e, i, o and u appear zero times.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 5 x 10^5
  • s contains only lowercase English letters.

Solution: HashTable

Record the first index when a state occurs. index – last_index is the length of the all-even-vowel substring.

State: {a: odd|even, e: odd|even, …, u:odd|even}.

There are total 2^5 = 32 states that can be represented as a binary string.

whenever a vowel occurs, we flip the bit, e.g. odd->even, even->odd using XOR.

Time complexity: O(5*n)
Space complexity: O(32)

C++

Python3