Press "Enter" to skip to content

Posts published in “Hashtable”

花花酱 LeetCode 2032. Two Out of Three

Given three integer arrays nums1nums2, and nums3, return distinct array containing all the values that are present in at least two out of the three arrays. You may return the values in any order.

Example 1:

Input: nums1 = [1,1,3,2], nums2 = [2,3], nums3 = [3]
Output: [3,2]
Explanation: The values that are present in at least two arrays are:
- 3, in all three arrays.
- 2, in nums1 and nums2.

Example 2:

Input: nums1 = [3,1], nums2 = [2,3], nums3 = [1,2]
Output: [2,3,1]
Explanation: The values that are present in at least two arrays are:
- 2, in nums2 and nums3.
- 3, in nums1 and nums2.
- 1, in nums1 and nums3.

Example 3:

Input: nums1 = [1,2,2], nums2 = [4,3,3], nums3 = [5]
Output: []
Explanation: No value is present in at least two arrays.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums1.length, nums2.length, nums3.length <= 100
  • 1 <= nums1[i], nums2[j], nums3[k] <= 100

Solution: Hashmap / Bitmask

s[x] := bitmask of x in all array[i]

s[x] = 101 => x in array0 and array2

Time complexity: O(n1 + n2 + n3)
Space complexity: O(n1 + n2 + n3)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1897. Redistribute Characters to Make All Strings Equal

You are given an array of strings words (0-indexed).

In one operation, pick two distinct indices i and j, where words[i] is a non-empty string, and move any character from words[i] to any position in words[j].

Return true if you can make every string in words equal using any number of operations, and false otherwise.

Example 1:

Input: words = ["abc","aabc","bc"]
Output: true
Explanation: Move the first 'a' in words[1] to the front of words[2],
to make words[1] = "abc" and words[2] = "abc".
All the strings are now equal to "abc", so return true.

Example 2:

Input: words = ["ab","a"]
Output: false
Explanation: It is impossible to make all the strings equal using the operation.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= words.length <= 100
  • 1 <= words[i].length <= 100
  • words[i] consists of lowercase English letters.

Solution: Hashtable

Count the frequency of each character, it must be a multiplier of n such that we can evenly distribute it to all the words.
e.g. n = 3, a = 9, b = 6, c = 3, each word will be “aaabbc”.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Python3 one-liner

花花酱 LeetCode 1893. Check if All the Integers in a Range Are Covered

You are given a 2D integer array ranges and two integers left and right. Each ranges[i] = [starti, endi] represents an inclusive interval between starti and endi.

Return true if each integer in the inclusive range [left, right] is covered by at least one interval in ranges. Return false otherwise.

An integer x is covered by an interval ranges[i] = [starti, endi] if starti <= x <= endi.

Example 1:

Input: ranges = [[1,2],[3,4],[5,6]], left = 2, right = 5
Output: true
Explanation: Every integer between 2 and 5 is covered:
- 2 is covered by the first range.
- 3 and 4 are covered by the second range.
- 5 is covered by the third range.

Example 2:

Input: ranges = [[1,10],[10,20]], left = 21, right = 21
Output: false
Explanation: 21 is not covered by any range.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= ranges.length <= 50
  • 1 <= starti <= endi <= 50
  • 1 <= left <= right <= 50

Solution 1: Hashtable

Time complexity: O(n * (right – left))
Space complexity: O(right – left)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1865. Finding Pairs With a Certain Sum

You are given two integer arrays nums1 and nums2. You are tasked to implement a data structure that supports queries of two types:

  1. Add a positive integer to an element of a given index in the array nums2.
  2. Count the number of pairs (i, j) such that nums1[i] + nums2[j] equals a given value (0 <= i < nums1.length and 0 <= j < nums2.length).

Implement the FindSumPairs class:

  • FindSumPairs(int[] nums1, int[] nums2) Initializes the FindSumPairs object with two integer arrays nums1 and nums2.
  • void add(int index, int val) Adds val to nums2[index], i.e., apply nums2[index] += val.
  • int count(int tot) Returns the number of pairs (i, j) such that nums1[i] + nums2[j] == tot.

Example 1:

Input
["FindSumPairs", "count", "add", "count", "count", "add", "add", "count"]
[[[1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3], [1, 4, 5, 2, 5, 4]], [7], [3, 2], [8], [4], [0, 1], [1, 1], [7]]
Output
[null, 8, null, 2, 1, null, null, 11]
Explanation
FindSumPairs findSumPairs = new FindSumPairs([1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3], [1, 4, 5, 2, 5, 4]);
findSumPairs.count(7); // return 8; pairs (2,2), (3,2), (4,2), (2,4), (3,4), (4,4) make 2 + 5 and pairs (5,1), (5,5) make 3 + 4
findSumPairs.add(3, 2); // now nums2 = [1,4,5,4,5,4] 
findSumPairs.count(8); // return 2; pairs (5,2), (5,4) make 3 + 5 
findSumPairs.count(4); // return 1; pair (5,0) makes 3 + 1 
findSumPairs.add(0, 1); // now nums2 = [2,4,5,4,5,4] 
findSumPairs.add(1, 1); // now nums2 = [2,5,5,4,5,4] 
findSumPairs.count(7); // return 11; pairs (2,1), (2,2), (2,4), (3,1), (3,2), (3,4), (4,1), (4,2), (4,4) make 2 + 5 and pairs (5,3), (5,5) make 3 + 4

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums1.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= nums2.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums1[i] <= 109
  • 1 <= nums2[i] <= 105
  • 0 <= index < nums2.length
  • 1 <= val <= 105
  • 1 <= tot <= 109
  • At most 1000 calls are made to add and count each.

Solution: HashTable

Note nums1 and nums2 are unbalanced. Brute force method will take O(m*n) = O(103*105) = O(108) for each count call which will TLE. We could use a hashtable to store the counts of elements from nums2, and only iterate over nums1 to reduce the time complexity.

Time complexity:

init: O(m) + O(n)
add: O(1)
count: O(m)

Total time is less than O(106)

Space complexity: O(m + n)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1832. Check if the Sentence Is Pangram

pangram is a sentence where every letter of the English alphabet appears at least once.

Given a string sentence containing only lowercase English letters, returntrue if sentence is a pangram, or false otherwise.

Example 1:

Input: sentence = "thequickbrownfoxjumpsoverthelazydog"
Output: true
Explanation: sentence contains at least one of every letter of the English alphabet.

Example 2:

Input: sentence = "leetcode"
Output: false

Constraints:

  • 1 <= sentence.length <= 1000
  • sentence consists of lowercase English letters.

Solution: Hashset

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(26)

C++

Python3