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Posts tagged as “array”

花花酱 LeetCode 2419. Longest Subarray With Maximum Bitwise AND

You are given an integer array nums of size n.

Consider a non-empty subarray from nums that has the maximum possible bitwise AND.

  • In other words, let k be the maximum value of the bitwise AND of any subarray of nums. Then, only subarrays with a bitwise AND equal to k should be considered.

Return the length of the longest such subarray.

The bitwise AND of an array is the bitwise AND of all the numbers in it.

subarray is a contiguous sequence of elements within an array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,3,2,2]
Output: 2
Explanation:
The maximum possible bitwise AND of a subarray is 3.
The longest subarray with that value is [3,3], so we return 2.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4]
Output: 1
Explanation:
The maximum possible bitwise AND of a subarray is 4.
The longest subarray with that value is [4], so we return 1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 106

Solution: Find the largest number

a & b <= a
a & b <= b
if b > a, a & b < b, we choose to start a new sequence of “b” instead of continuing with “ab”

Basically, we find the largest number in the array and count the longest sequence of it. Note, there will be some tricky cases like.
b b b b a b
b a b b b b
We need to return 4 instead of 1.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2418. Sort the People

You are given an array of strings names, and an array heights that consists of distinct positive integers. Both arrays are of length n.

For each index inames[i] and heights[i] denote the name and height of the ith person.

Return names sorted in descending order by the people’s heights.

Example 1:

Input: names = ["Mary","John","Emma"], heights = [180,165,170]
Output: ["Mary","Emma","John"]
Explanation: Mary is the tallest, followed by Emma and John.

Example 2:

Input: names = ["Alice","Bob","Bob"], heights = [155,185,150]
Output: ["Bob","Alice","Bob"]
Explanation: The first Bob is the tallest, followed by Alice and the second Bob.

Constraints:

  • n == names.length == heights.length
  • 1 <= n <= 103
  • 1 <= names[i].length <= 20
  • 1 <= heights[i] <= 105
  • names[i] consists of lower and upper case English letters.
  • All the values of heights are distinct.

Solution: Zip and sort

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2395. Find Subarrays With Equal Sum

Given a 0-indexed integer array nums, determine whether there exist two subarrays of length 2 with equal sum. Note that the two subarrays must begin at different indices.

Return true if these subarrays exist, and false otherwise.

subarray is a contiguous non-empty sequence of elements within an array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [4,2,4]
Output: true
Explanation: The subarrays with elements [4,2] and [2,4] have the same sum of 6.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: false
Explanation: No two subarrays of size 2 have the same sum.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [0,0,0]
Output: true
Explanation: The subarrays [nums[0],nums[1]] and [nums[1],nums[2]] have the same sum of 0. 
Note that even though the subarrays have the same content, the two subarrays are considered different because they are in different positions in the original array.

Constraints:

  • 2 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • -109 <= nums[i] <= 109

Solution: Hashset

Use a hashset to track all the sums seen so far.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2374. Node With Highest Edge Score

You are given a directed graph with n nodes labeled from 0 to n - 1, where each node has exactly one outgoing edge.

The graph is represented by a given 0-indexed integer array edges of length n, where edges[i] indicates that there is a directed edge from node i to node edges[i].

The edge score of a node i is defined as the sum of the labels of all the nodes that have an edge pointing to i.

Return the node with the highest edge score. If multiple nodes have the same edge score, return the node with the smallest index.

Example 1:

Input: edges = [1,0,0,0,0,7,7,5]
Output: 7
Explanation:
- The nodes 1, 2, 3 and 4 have an edge pointing to node 0. The edge score of node 0 is 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10.
- The node 0 has an edge pointing to node 1. The edge score of node 1 is 0.
- The node 7 has an edge pointing to node 5. The edge score of node 5 is 7.
- The nodes 5 and 6 have an edge pointing to node 7. The edge score of node 7 is 5 + 6 = 11.
Node 7 has the highest edge score so return 7.

Example 2:

Input: edges = [2,0,0,2]
Output: 0
Explanation:
- The nodes 1 and 2 have an edge pointing to node 0. The edge score of node 0 is 1 + 2 = 3.
- The nodes 0 and 3 have an edge pointing to node 2. The edge score of node 2 is 0 + 3 = 3.
Nodes 0 and 2 both have an edge score of 3. Since node 0 has a smaller index, we return 0.

Constraints:

  • n == edges.length
  • 2 <= n <= 105
  • 0 <= edges[i] < n
  • edges[i] != i

Solution:

Use an array to store the score of each node.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

use max_element to find the largest element.

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2270. Number of Ways to Split Array

You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums of length n.

nums contains a valid split at index i if the following are true:

  • The sum of the first i + 1 elements is greater than or equal to the sum of the last n - i - 1 elements.
  • There is at least one element to the right of i. That is, 0 <= i < n - 1.

Return the number of valid splits in nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [10,4,-8,7]
Output: 2
Explanation: 
There are three ways of splitting nums into two non-empty parts:
- Split nums at index 0. Then, the first part is [10], and its sum is 10. The second part is [4,-8,7], and its sum is 3. Since 10 >= 3, i = 0 is a valid split.
- Split nums at index 1. Then, the first part is [10,4], and its sum is 14. The second part is [-8,7], and its sum is -1. Since 14 >= -1, i = 1 is a valid split.
- Split nums at index 2. Then, the first part is [10,4,-8], and its sum is 6. The second part is [7], and its sum is 7. Since 6 < 7, i = 2 is not a valid split.
Thus, the number of valid splits in nums is 2.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [2,3,1,0]
Output: 2
Explanation: 
There are two valid splits in nums:
- Split nums at index 1. Then, the first part is [2,3], and its sum is 5. The second part is [1,0], and its sum is 1. Since 5 >= 1, i = 1 is a valid split. 
- Split nums at index 2. Then, the first part is [2,3,1], and its sum is 6. The second part is [0], and its sum is 0. Since 6 >= 0, i = 2 is a valid split.

Constraints:

  • 2 <= nums.length <= 105
  • -105 <= nums[i] <= 105

Solution: Prefix/Suffix Sum

Note: sum can be greater than 2^31, use long!

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++