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Posts tagged as “array”

花花酱 LeetCode 1665. Minimum Initial Energy to Finish Tasks

You are given an array tasks where tasks[i] = [actuali, minimumi]:

  • actuali is the actual amount of energy you spend to finish the ith task.
  • minimumi is the minimum amount of energy you require to begin the ith task.

For example, if the task is [10, 12] and your current energy is 11, you cannot start this task. However, if your current energy is 13, you can complete this task, and your energy will be 3 after finishing it.

You can finish the tasks in any order you like.

Return the minimum initial amount of energy you will need to finish all the tasks.

Example 1:

Input: tasks = [[1,2],[2,4],[4,8]]
Output: 8
Explanation:
Starting with 8 energy, we finish the tasks in the following order:
    - 3rd task. Now energy = 8 - 4 = 4.
    - 2nd task. Now energy = 4 - 2 = 2.
    - 1st task. Now energy = 2 - 1 = 1.
Notice that even though we have leftover energy, starting with 7 energy does not work because we cannot do the 3rd task.

Example 2:

Input: tasks = [[1,3],[2,4],[10,11],[10,12],[8,9]]
Output: 32
Explanation:
Starting with 32 energy, we finish the tasks in the following order:
    - 1st task. Now energy = 32 - 1 = 31.
    - 2nd task. Now energy = 31 - 2 = 29.
    - 3rd task. Now energy = 29 - 10 = 19.
    - 4th task. Now energy = 19 - 10 = 9.
    - 5th task. Now energy = 9 - 8 = 1.

Example 3:

Input: tasks = [[1,7],[2,8],[3,9],[4,10],[5,11],[6,12]]
Output: 27
Explanation:
Starting with 27 energy, we finish the tasks in the following order:
    - 5th task. Now energy = 27 - 5 = 22.
    - 2nd task. Now energy = 22 - 2 = 20.
    - 3rd task. Now energy = 20 - 3 = 17.
    - 1st task. Now energy = 17 - 1 = 16.
    - 4th task. Now energy = 16 - 4 = 12.
    - 6th task. Now energy = 12 - 6 = 6.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= tasks.length <= 105
  • 1 <= actual​i <= minimumi <= 104

Solution: Greedy + Binary Search

Sort tasks by actual – min in ascending order, this will be the order we finish those tasks. Use binary search to check whether a given initial energy works or not. Note, the binary search part is unnecessary.

Time complexity: O(nlogn + nlogk)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1664. Ways to Make a Fair Array

You are given an integer array nums. You can choose exactly one index (0-indexed) and remove the element. Notice that the index of the elements may change after the removal.

For example, if nums = [6,1,7,4,1]:

  • Choosing to remove index 1 results in nums = [6,7,4,1].
  • Choosing to remove index 2 results in nums = [6,1,4,1].
  • Choosing to remove index 4 results in nums = [6,1,7,4].

An array is fair if the sum of the odd-indexed values equals the sum of the even-indexed values.

Return the number of indices that you could choose such that after the removal, numsis fair.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [2,1,6,4]
Output: 1
Explanation:
Remove index 0: [1,6,4] -> Even sum: 1 + 4 = 5. Odd sum: 6. Not fair.
Remove index 1: [2,6,4] -> Even sum: 2 + 4 = 6. Odd sum: 6. Fair.
Remove index 2: [2,1,4] -> Even sum: 2 + 4 = 6. Odd sum: 1. Not fair.
Remove index 3: [2,1,6] -> Even sum: 2 + 6 = 8. Odd sum: 1. Not fair.
There is 1 index that you can remove to make nums fair.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,1,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: You can remove any index and the remaining array is fair.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,2,3]
Output: 0
Explanation: You cannot make a fair array after removing any index.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104

Solution: Prefix Sum

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1662. Check If Two String Arrays are Equivalent

Given two string arrays word1 and word2, returntrue if the two arrays represent the same string, and false otherwise.

A string is represented by an array if the array elements concatenated in order forms the string.

Example 1:

Input: word1 = ["ab", "c"], word2 = ["a", "bc"]
Output: true
Explanation:
word1 represents string "ab" + "c" -> "abc"
word2 represents string "a" + "bc" -> "abc"
The strings are the same, so return true.

Example 2:

Input: word1 = ["a", "cb"], word2 = ["ab", "c"]
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: word1  = ["abc", "d", "defg"], word2 = ["abcddefg"]
Output: true

Constraints:

  • 1 <= word1.length, word2.length <= 103
  • 1 <= word1[i].length, word2[i].length <= 103
  • 1 <= sum(word1[i].length), sum(word2[i].length) <= 103
  • word1[i] and word2[i] consist of lowercase letters.

Solution1: Construct the string

Time complexity: O(l1 + l2)
Space complexity: O(l1 + l2)

C++

Solution 2: Pointers

Time complexity: O(l1 + l2)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1656. Design an Ordered Stream

There are n (id, value) pairs, where id is an integer between 1 and n and value is a string. No two pairs have the same id.

Design a stream that takes the n pairs in an arbitrary order, and returns the values over several calls in increasing order of their ids.

Implement the OrderedStream class:

  • OrderedStream(int n) Constructs the stream to take n values and sets a current ptr to 1.
  • String[] insert(int id, String value) Stores the new (id, value) pair in the stream. After storing the pair:
    • If the stream has stored a pair with id = ptr, then find the longest contiguous incrementing sequence of ids starting with id = ptr and return a list of the values associated with those ids in order. Then, update ptr to the last id + 1.
    • Otherwise, return an empty list.

Example:

Input
["OrderedStream", "insert", "insert", "insert", "insert", "insert"]
[[5], [3, "ccccc"], [1, "aaaaa"], [2, "bbbbb"], [5, "eeeee"], [4, "ddddd"]]
Output
[null, [], ["aaaaa"], ["bbbbb", "ccccc"], [], ["ddddd", "eeeee"]]
Explanation
OrderedStream os= new OrderedStream(5);
os.insert(3, "ccccc"); // Inserts (3, "ccccc"), returns [].
os.insert(1, "aaaaa"); // Inserts (1, "aaaaa"), returns ["aaaaa"].
os.insert(2, "bbbbb"); // Inserts (2, "bbbbb"), returns ["bbbbb", "ccccc"].
os.insert(5, "eeeee"); // Inserts (5, "eeeee"), returns [].
os.insert(4, "ddddd"); // Inserts (4, "ddddd"), returns ["ddddd", "eeeee"].

Solution: Straight Forward

Time complexity: O(n) in total
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1652. Defuse the Bomb

You have a bomb to defuse, and your time is running out! Your informer will provide you with a circular array code of length of n and a key k.

To decrypt the code, you must replace every number. All the numbers are replaced simultaneously.

  • If k > 0, replace the ith number with the sum of the next k numbers.
  • If k < 0, replace the ith number with the sum of the previous k numbers.
  • If k == 0, replace the ith number with 0.

As code is circular, the next element of code[n-1] is code[0], and the previous element of code[0] is code[n-1].

Given the circular array code and an integer key k, return the decrypted code to defuse the bomb!

Example 1:

Input: code = [5,7,1,4], k = 3
Output: [12,10,16,13]
Explanation: Each number is replaced by the sum of the next 3 numbers. The decrypted code is [7+1+4, 1+4+5, 4+5+7, 5+7+1]. Notice that the numbers wrap around.

Example 2:

Input: code = [1,2,3,4], k = 0
Output: [0,0,0,0]
Explanation: When k is zero, the numbers are replaced by 0. 

Example 3:

Input: code = [2,4,9,3], k = -2
Output: [12,5,6,13]
Explanation: The decrypted code is [3+9, 2+3, 4+2, 9+4]. Notice that the numbers wrap around again. If k is negative, the sum is of the previous numbers.

Constraints:

  • n == code.length
  • 1 <= n <= 100
  • 1 <= code[i] <= 100
  • -(n - 1) <= k <= n - 1

Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n*k)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++