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Posts tagged as “array”

花花酱 LeetCode 1848. Minimum Distance to the Target Element

Given an integer array nums (0-indexed) and two integers target and start, find an index i such that nums[i] == target and abs(i - start) is minimized. Note that abs(x) is the absolute value of x.

Return abs(i - start).

It is guaranteed that target exists in nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5], target = 5, start = 3
Output: 1
Explanation: nums[4] = 5 is the only value equal to target, so the answer is abs(4 - 3) = 1.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1], target = 1, start = 0
Output: 0
Explanation: nums[0] = 1 is the only value equal to target, so the answer is abs(0 - 0) = 1.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1], target = 1, start = 0
Output: 0
Explanation: Every value of nums is 1, but nums[0] minimizes abs(i - start), which is abs(0 - 0) = 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 0 <= start < nums.length
  • target is in nums.

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1846. Maximum Element After Decreasing and Rearranging

You are given an array of positive integers arr. Perform some operations (possibly none) on arr so that it satisfies these conditions:

  • The value of the first element in arr must be 1.
  • The absolute difference between any 2 adjacent elements must be less than or equal to 1. In other words, abs(arr[i] - arr[i - 1]) <= 1 for each i where 1 <= i < arr.length (0-indexed). abs(x) is the absolute value of x.

There are 2 types of operations that you can perform any number of times:

  • Decrease the value of any element of arr to a smaller positive integer.
  • Rearrange the elements of arr to be in any order.

Return the maximum possible value of an element in arr after performing the operations to satisfy the conditions.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,2,1,2,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: 
We can satisfy the conditions by rearranging arr so it becomes [1,2,2,2,1].
The largest element in arr is 2.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [100,1,1000]
Output: 3
Explanation: 
One possible way to satisfy the conditions is by doing the following:
1. Rearrange arr so it becomes [1,100,1000].
2. Decrease the value of the second element to 2.
3. Decrease the value of the third element to 3.
Now arr = [1,2,3], which satisfies the conditions.
The largest element in arr is 3.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 5
Explanation: The array already satisfies the conditions, and the largest element is 5.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 105
  • 1 <= arr[i] <= 109

Solution: Sort

arr[0] = 1,
arr[i] = min(arr[i], arr[i – 1] + 1)

ans = arr[n – 1]

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1840. Maximum Building Height

You want to build n new buildings in a city. The new buildings will be built in a line and are labeled from 1 to n.

However, there are city restrictions on the heights of the new buildings:

  • The height of each building must be a non-negative integer.
  • The height of the first building must be 0.
  • The height difference between any two adjacent buildings cannot exceed 1.

Additionally, there are city restrictions on the maximum height of specific buildings. These restrictions are given as a 2D integer array restrictions where restrictions[i] = [idi, maxHeighti] indicates that building idi must have a height less than or equal to maxHeighti.

It is guaranteed that each building will appear at most once in restrictions, and building 1 will not be in restrictions.

Return the maximum possible height of the tallest building.

Example 1:

Input: n = 5, restrictions = [[2,1],[4,1]]
Output: 2
Explanation: The green area in the image indicates the maximum allowed height for each building.
We can build the buildings with heights [0,1,2,1,2], and the tallest building has a height of 2.

Example 2:

Input: n = 6, restrictions = []
Output: 5
Explanation: The green area in the image indicates the maximum allowed height for each building.
We can build the buildings with heights [0,1,2,3,4,5], and the tallest building has a height of 5.

Example 3:

Constraints:

  • 2 <= n <= 109
  • 0 <= restrictions.length <= min(n - 1, 105)
  • 2 <= idi <= n
  • idi is unique.
  • 0 <= maxHeighti <= 109

Solution: Two Passes

Trim the max heights based on neighboring max heights.
Two passes: left to right, right to left.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1827. Minimum Operations to Make the Array Increasing

You are given an integer array nums (0-indexed). In one operation, you can choose an element of the array and increment it by 1.

  • For example, if nums = [1,2,3], you can choose to increment nums[1] to make nums = [1,3,3].

Return the minimum number of operations needed to make nums strictly increasing.

An array nums is strictly increasing if nums[i] < nums[i+1] for all 0 <= i < nums.length - 1. An array of length 1 is trivially strictly increasing.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,1,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: You can do the following operations:
1) Increment nums[2], so nums becomes [1,1,2].
2) Increment nums[1], so nums becomes [1,2,2].
3) Increment nums[2], so nums becomes [1,2,3].

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,5,2,4,1]
Output: 14

Example 3:

Input: nums = [8]
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 5000
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104

Solution: Track Last

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1822. Sign of the Product of an Array

There is a function signFunc(x) that returns:

  • 1 if x is positive.
  • -1 if x is negative.
  • 0 if x is equal to 0.

You are given an integer array nums. Let product be the product of all values in the array nums.

Return signFunc(product).

Example 1:

Input: nums = [-1,-2,-3,-4,3,2,1]
Output: 1
Explanation: The product of all values in the array is 144, and signFunc(144) = 1

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,5,0,2,-3]
Output: 0
Explanation: The product of all values in the array is 0, and signFunc(0) = 0

Example 3:

Input: nums = [-1,1,-1,1,-1]
Output: -1
Explanation: The product of all values in the array is -1, and signFunc(-1) = -1

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • -100 <= nums[i] <= 100

Solution: Sign Only

No need to compute the product, only track the sign changes. Flip the sign when encounter a negative number, return 0 if there is any 0 in the array.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++