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Posts tagged as “reverse”

花花酱 LeetCode 2130. Maximum Twin Sum of a Linked List

In a linked list of size n, where n is even, the ith node (0-indexed) of the linked list is known as the twin of the (n-1-i)th node, if 0 <= i <= (n / 2) - 1.

  • For example, if n = 4, then node 0 is the twin of node 3, and node 1 is the twin of node 2. These are the only nodes with twins for n = 4.

The twin sum is defined as the sum of a node and its twin.

Given the head of a linked list with even length, return the maximum twin sum of the linked list.

Example 1:

Input: head = [5,4,2,1]
Output: 6
Explanation:
Nodes 0 and 1 are the twins of nodes 3 and 2, respectively. All have twin sum = 6.
There are no other nodes with twins in the linked list.
Thus, the maximum twin sum of the linked list is 6. 

Example 2:

Input: head = [4,2,2,3]
Output: 7
Explanation:
The nodes with twins present in this linked list are:
- Node 0 is the twin of node 3 having a twin sum of 4 + 3 = 7.
- Node 1 is the twin of node 2 having a twin sum of 2 + 2 = 4.
Thus, the maximum twin sum of the linked list is max(7, 4) = 7. 

Example 3:

Input: head = [1,100000]
Output: 100001
Explanation:
There is only one node with a twin in the linked list having twin sum of 1 + 100000 = 100001.

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the list is an even integer in the range [2, 105].
  • 1 <= Node.val <= 105

Solution: Two Pointers + Reverse List

Use fast slow pointers to find the middle point and reverse the second half.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 143. Reorder List

You are given the head of a singly linked-list. The list can be represented as:

L0 ā†’ L1 ā†’ ā€¦ ā†’ Ln - 1 ā†’ Ln

Reorder the list to be on the following form:

L0 ā†’ Ln ā†’ L1 ā†’ Ln - 1 ā†’ L2 ā†’ Ln - 2 ā†’ ā€¦

You may not modify the values in the list’s nodes. Only nodes themselves may be changed.

Example 1:

Input: head = [1,2,3,4]
Output: [1,4,2,3]

Example 2:

Input: head = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: [1,5,2,4,3]

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the list is in the range [1, 5 * 104].
  • 1 <= Node.val <= 1000

Solution: Three steps

Step 1: Find mid node that splits the list into two halves.
Step 2: Reverse the second half
Step 3: Merge two lists

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 151. Reverse Words in a String

Given an input string s, reverse the order of the words.

word is defined as a sequence of non-space characters. The words in s will be separated by at least one space.

Return a string of the words in reverse order concatenated by a single space.

Note that s may contain leading or trailing spaces or multiple spaces between two words. The returned string should only have a single space separating the words. Do not include any extra spaces.

Example 1:

Input: s = "the sky is blue"
Output: "blue is sky the"

Example 2:

Input: s = "  hello world  "
Output: "world hello"
Explanation: Your reversed string should not contain leading or trailing spaces.

Example 3:

Input: s = "a good   example"
Output: "example good a"
Explanation: You need to reduce multiple spaces between two words to a single space in the reversed string.

Example 4:

Input: s = "  Bob    Loves  Alice   "
Output: "Alice Loves Bob"

Example 5:

Input: s = "Alice does not even like bob"
Output: "bob like even not does Alice"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 104
  • s contains English letters (upper-case and lower-case), digits, and spaces ' '.
  • There is at least one word in s.

Follow-up: If the string data type is mutable in your language, can you solve it in-place with O(1) extra space?

Solution: Stack

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution: In-Place

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1330. Reverse Subarray To Maximize Array Value

You are given an integer array nums. The value of this array is defined as the sum of |nums[i]-nums[i+1]| for all 0 <= i < nums.length-1.

You are allowed to select any subarray of the given array and reverse it. You can perform this operation only once.

Find maximum possible value of the final array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [2,3,1,5,4]
Output: 10
Explanation: By reversing the subarray [3,1,5] the array becomes [2,5,1,3,4] whose value is 10.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [2,4,9,24,2,1,10]
Output: 68

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 3*10^4
  • -10^5 <= nums[i] <= 10^5

Solution: Greedy

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 190. Reverse Bits

Reverse bits of a given 32 bits unsigned integer.

Example 1:

Input: 00000010100101000001111010011100
Output: 00111001011110000010100101000000
Explanation: The input binary string 00000010100101000001111010011100 represents the unsigned integer 43261596, so return 964176192 which its binary representation is 00111001011110000010100101000000.

Example 2:

Input: 11111111111111111111111111111101
Output: 10111111111111111111111111111111
Explanation: The input binary string 11111111111111111111111111111101 represents the unsigned integer 4294967293, so return 3221225471 which its binary representation is 10101111110010110010011101101001.

Note:

  • Note that in some languages such as Java, there is no unsigned integer type. In this case, both input and output will be given as signed integer type and should not affect your implementation, as the internal binary representation of the integer is the same whether it is signed or unsigned.
  • In Java, the compiler represents the signed integers using 2’s complement notation. Therefore, in Example 2 above the input represents the signed integer -3 and the output represents the signed integer -1073741825.

Follow up:

If this function is called many times, how would you optimize it?

Solution: Bit operation

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++