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Posts published in “String”

花花酱 LeetCode 2269. Find the K-Beauty of a Number

The k-beauty of an integer num is defined as the number of substrings of num when it is read as a string that meet the following conditions:

  • It has a length of k.
  • It is a divisor of num.

Given integers num and k, return the k-beauty of num.

Note:

  • Leading zeros are allowed.
  • 0 is not a divisor of any value.

substring is a contiguous sequence of characters in a string.

Example 1:

Input: num = 240, k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: The following are the substrings of num of length k:
- "24" from "240": 24 is a divisor of 240.
- "40" from "240": 40 is a divisor of 240.
Therefore, the k-beauty is 2.

Example 2:

Input: num = 430043, k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: The following are the substrings of num of length k:
- "43" from "430043": 43 is a divisor of 430043.
- "30" from "430043": 30 is not a divisor of 430043.
- "00" from "430043": 0 is not a divisor of 430043.
- "04" from "430043": 4 is not a divisor of 430043.
- "43" from "430043": 43 is a divisor of 430043.
Therefore, the k-beauty is 2.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= num <= 109
  • 1 <= k <= num.length (taking num as a string)

Solution: Substring

Note: the substring can be 0, e.g. “00”

Time complexity: O((l-k)*k)
Space complexity: O(l + k) -> O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2264. Largest 3-Same-Digit Number in String

You are given a string num representing a large integer. An integer is good if it meets the following conditions:

  • It is a substring of num with length 3.
  • It consists of only one unique digit.

Return the maximum good integer as a string or an empty string "" if no such integer exists.

Note:

  • substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.
  • There may be leading zeroes in num or a good integer.

Example 1:

Input: num = "6777133339"
Output: "777"
Explanation: There are two distinct good integers: "777" and "333".
"777" is the largest, so we return "777".

Example 2:

Input: num = "2300019"
Output: "000"
Explanation: "000" is the only good integer.

Example 3:

Input: num = "42352338"
Output: ""
Explanation: No substring of length 3 consists of only one unique digit. Therefore, there are no good integers.

Constraints:

  • 3 <= num.length <= 1000
  • num only consists of digits.

Solution:

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2255. Count Prefixes of a Given String

You are given a string array words and a string s, where words[i] and s comprise only of lowercase English letters.

Return the number of strings in words that are a prefix of s.

prefix of a string is a substring that occurs at the beginning of the string. A substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: words = ["a","b","c","ab","bc","abc"], s = "abc"
Output: 3
Explanation:
The strings in words which are a prefix of s = "abc" are:
"a", "ab", and "abc".
Thus the number of strings in words which are a prefix of s is 3.

Example 2:

Input: words = ["a","a"], s = "aa"
Output: 2
Explanation:
Both of the strings are a prefix of s. 
Note that the same string can occur multiple times in words, and it should be counted each time.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= words.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= words[i].length, s.length <= 10
  • words[i] and s consist of lowercase English letters only.

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(n*m)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2243. Calculate Digit Sum of a String

You are given a string s consisting of digits and an integer k.

round can be completed if the length of s is greater than k. In one round, do the following:

  1. Divide s into consecutive groups of size k such that the first k characters are in the first group, the next k characters are in the second group, and so on. Note that the size of the last group can be smaller than k.
  2. Replace each group of s with a string representing the sum of all its digits. For example, "346" is replaced with "13" because 3 + 4 + 6 = 13.
  3. Merge consecutive groups together to form a new string. If the length of the string is greater than k, repeat from step 1.

Return s after all rounds have been completed.

Example 1:

Input: s = "11111222223", k = 3
Output: "135"
Explanation: 
- For the first round, we divide s into groups of size 3: "111", "112", "222", and "23".
  ​​​​​Then we calculate the digit sum of each group: 1 + 1 + 1 = 3, 1 + 1 + 2 = 4, 2 + 2 + 2 = 6, and 2 + 3 = 5. 
  So, s becomes "3" + "4" + "6" + "5" = "3465" after the first round.
- For the second round, we divide s into "346" and "5".
  Then we calculate the digit sum of each group: 3 + 4 + 6 = 13, 5 = 5. 
  So, s becomes "13" + "5" = "135" after second round. 
Now, s.length <= k, so we return "135" as the answer.

Example 2:

Input: s = "00000000", k = 3
Output: "000"
Explanation: 
We divide s into "000", "000", and "00".
Then we calculate the digit sum of each group: 0 + 0 + 0 = 0, 0 + 0 + 0 = 0, and 0 + 0 = 0. 
s becomes "0" + "0" + "0" = "000", whose length is equal to k, so we return "000".

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 100
  • 2 <= k <= 100
  • s consists of digits only.

Solution:

Time complexity: O(n*n/k?)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 2232. Minimize Result by Adding Parentheses to Expression

You are given a 0-indexed string expression of the form "<num1>+<num2>" where <num1> and <num2> represent positive integers.

Add a pair of parentheses to expression such that after the addition of parentheses, expression is a valid mathematical expression and evaluates to the smallest possible value. The left parenthesis must be added to the left of '+' and the right parenthesis must be added to the right of '+'.

Return expression after adding a pair of parentheses such that expression evaluates to the smallest possible value. If there are multiple answers that yield the same result, return any of them.

The input has been generated such that the original value of expression, and the value of expression after adding any pair of parentheses that meets the requirements fits within a signed 32-bit integer.

Example 1:

Input: expression = "247+38"
Output: "2(47+38)"
Explanation: The expression evaluates to 2 * (47 + 38) = 2 * 85 = 170.
Note that "2(4)7+38" is invalid because the right parenthesis must be to the right of the '+'.
It can be shown that 170 is the smallest possible value.

Example 2:

Input: expression = "12+34"
Output: "1(2+3)4"
Explanation: The expression evaluates to 1 * (2 + 3) * 4 = 1 * 5 * 4 = 20.

Example 3:

Input: expression = "999+999"
Output: "(999+999)"
Explanation: The expression evaluates to 999 + 999 = 1998.

Constraints:

  • 3 <= expression.length <= 10
  • expression consists of digits from '1' to '9' and '+'.
  • expression starts and ends with digits.
  • expression contains exactly one '+'.
  • The original value of expression, and the value of expression after adding any pair of parentheses that meets the requirements fits within a signed 32-bit integer.

Solution: Brute Force

Try all possible positions to add parentheses and evaluate the new expression.

Time complexity: O(n2)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++