Press "Enter" to skip to content

Posts published in “String”

花花酱 LeetCode 1392. Longest Happy Prefix

A string is called a happy prefix if is a non-empty prefix which is also a suffix (excluding itself).

Given a string s. Return the longest happy prefix of s .

Return an empty string if no such prefix exists.

Example 1:

Input: s = "level"
Output: "l"
Explanation: s contains 4 prefix excluding itself ("l", "le", "lev", "leve"), and suffix ("l", "el", "vel", "evel"). The largest prefix which is also suffix is given by "l".

Example 2:

Input: s = "ababab"
Output: "abab"
Explanation: "abab" is the largest prefix which is also suffix. They can overlap in the original string.

Example 3:

Input: s = "leetcodeleet"
Output: "leet"

Example 4:

Input: s = "a"
Output: ""

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s contains only lowercase English letters.

Solution: Rolling Hash

Time complexity: O(n) / worst case: O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 165. Compare Version Numbers

Compare two version numbers version1 and version2.
If version1 > version2 return 1; if version1 < version2 return -1;otherwise return 0.

You may assume that the version strings are non-empty and contain only digits and the . character.

The . character does not represent a decimal point and is used to separate number sequences.

For instance, 2.5 is not “two and a half” or “half way to version three”, it is the fifth second-level revision of the second first-level revision.

You may assume the default revision number for each level of a version number to be 0. For example, version number 3.4 has a revision number of 3 and 4 for its first and second level revision number. Its third and fourth level revision number are both 0.

Example 1:

Input: version1 = "0.1", version2 = "1.1"
Output: -1

Example 2:

Input: version1 = "1.0.1", version2 = "1"
Output: 1

Example 3:

Input: version1 = "7.5.2.4", version2 = "7.5.3"
Output: -1

Example 4:

Input: version1 = "1.01", version2 = "1.001"
Output: 0
Explanation: Ignoring leading zeroes, both “01” and “001" represent the same number “1”

Example 5:

Input: version1 = "1.0", version2 = "1.0.0"
Output: 0
Explanation: The first version number does not have a third level revision number, which means its third level revision number is default to "0"

Note:

  1. Version strings are composed of numeric strings separated by dots . and this numeric strings may have leading zeroes.
  2. Version strings do not start or end with dots, and they will not be two consecutive dots.

Solution: String

Split the version string to a list of numbers, and compare two lists.

Time complexity: O(l1 + l2)
Space complexity: O(l1 + l2)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1374. Generate a String With Characters That Have Odd Counts

Given an integer nreturn a string with n characters such that each character in such string occurs an odd number of times.

The returned string must contain only lowercase English letters. If there are multiples valid strings, return any of them.  

Example 1:

Input: n = 4
Output: "pppz"
Explanation: "pppz" is a valid string since the character 'p' occurs three times and the character 'z' occurs once. Note that there are many other valid strings such as "ohhh" and "love".

Example 2:

Input: n = 2
Output: "xy"
Explanation: "xy" is a valid string since the characters 'x' and 'y' occur once. Note that there are many other valid strings such as "ag" and "ur".

Example 3:

Input: n = 7
Output: "holasss"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 500

Solution: Greedy

if n is odd, return n ‘a’s.
otherwise, return n -1 ‘a’s and 1 ‘b’

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) or O(1)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1370. Increasing Decreasing String

Given a string s. You should re-order the string using the following algorithm:

  1. Pick the smallest character from s and append it to the result.
  2. Pick the smallest character from s which is greater than the last appended character to the result and append it.
  3. Repeat step 2 until you cannot pick more characters.
  4. Pick the largest character from s and append it to the result.
  5. Pick the largest character from s which is smaller than the last appended character to the result and append it.
  6. Repeat step 5 until you cannot pick more characters.
  7. Repeat the steps from 1 to 6 until you pick all characters from s.

In each step, If the smallest or the largest character appears more than once you can choose any occurrence and append it to the result.

Return the result string after sorting s with this algorithm.

Example 1:

Input: s = "aaaabbbbcccc"
Output: "abccbaabccba"
Explanation: After steps 1, 2 and 3 of the first iteration, result = "abc"
After steps 4, 5 and 6 of the first iteration, result = "abccba"
First iteration is done. Now s = "aabbcc" and we go back to step 1
After steps 1, 2 and 3 of the second iteration, result = "abccbaabc"
After steps 4, 5 and 6 of the second iteration, result = "abccbaabccba"

Example 2:

Input: s = "rat"
Output: "art"
Explanation: The word "rat" becomes "art" after re-ordering it with the mentioned algorithm.

Example 3:

Input: s = "leetcode"
Output: "cdelotee"

Example 4:

Input: s = "ggggggg"
Output: "ggggggg"

Example 5:

Input: s = "spo"
Output: "ops"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 500
  • s contains only lower-case English letters.

Solution: Counting frequency of each character

Time complexity: O(n * 26)
Space complexity: O(26)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1360. Number of Days Between Two Dates

Write a program to count the number of days between two dates.

The two dates are given as strings, their format is YYYY-MM-DD as shown in the examples.

Example 1:

Input: date1 = "2019-06-29", date2 = "2019-06-30"
Output: 1

Example 2:

Input: date1 = "2020-01-15", date2 = "2019-12-31"
Output: 15

Constraints:

  • The given dates are valid dates between the years 1971 and 2100.

Solution: Convert to days since epoch

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++