# Posts published in “String”

Given two string arrays word1 and word2, returntrue if the two arrays represent the same string, and false otherwise.

A string is represented by an array if the array elements concatenated in order forms the string.

Example 1:

Input: word1 = ["ab", "c"], word2 = ["a", "bc"]
Output: true
Explanation:
word1 represents string "ab" + "c" -> "abc"
word2 represents string "a" + "bc" -> "abc"
The strings are the same, so return true.

Example 2:

Input: word1 = ["a", "cb"], word2 = ["ab", "c"]
Output: false


Example 3:

Input: word1  = ["abc", "d", "defg"], word2 = ["abcddefg"]
Output: true


Constraints:

• 1 <= word1.length, word2.length <= 103
• 1 <= word1[i].length, word2[i].length <= 103
• 1 <= sum(word1[i].length), sum(word2[i].length) <= 103
• word1[i] and word2[i] consist of lowercase letters.

## Solution1: Construct the string

Time complexity: O(l1 + l2)
Space complexity: O(l1 + l2)

## Solution 2: Pointers

Time complexity: O(l1 + l2)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given two strings s and t, find the number of ways you can choose a non-empty substring of s and replace a single character by a different character such that the resulting substring is a substring of t. In other words, find the number of substrings in s that differ from some substring in t by exactly one character.

For example, the underlined substrings in "computer" and "computation" only differ by the 'e'/'a', so this is a valid way.

Return the number of substrings that satisfy the condition above.

substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "aba", t = "baba"
Output: 6
Explanation: The following are the pairs of substrings from s and t that differ by exactly 1 character:
("aba", "baba")
("aba", "baba")
("aba", "baba")
("aba", "baba")
("aba", "baba")
("aba", "baba")
The underlined portions are the substrings that are chosen from s and t.


​​Example 2:

Input: s = "ab", t = "bb"
Output: 3
Explanation: The following are the pairs of substrings from s and t that differ by 1 character:
("ab", "bb")
("ab", "bb")
("ab", "bb")
​​​​The underlined portions are the substrings that are chosen from s and t.


Example 3:

Input: s = "a", t = "a"
Output: 0


Example 4:

Input: s = "abe", t = "bbc"
Output: 10


Constraints:

• 1 <= s.length, t.length <= 100
• s and t consist of lowercase English letters only.

## Solution1: All Pairs + Prefix Matching

match s[i:i+p] with t[j:j+p], is there is one missed char, increase the ans, until there are two miss matched chars or reach the end.

Time complexity: O(m*n*min(m,n))
Space complexity: O(1)

## Solution 2: Continuous Matching

Start matching s with t[j] and s[i] with t

Time complexity: O(mn)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

You are given a string text of words that are placed among some number of spaces. Each word consists of one or more lowercase English letters and are separated by at least one space. It’s guaranteed that text contains at least one word.

Rearrange the spaces so that there is an equal number of spaces between every pair of adjacent words and that number is maximized. If you cannot redistribute all the spaces equally, place the extra spaces at the end, meaning the returned string should be the same length as text.

Return the string after rearranging the spaces.

Example 1:

Input: text = "  this   is  a sentence "
Output: "this   is   a   sentence"
Explanation: There are a total of 9 spaces and 4 words. We can evenly divide the 9 spaces between the words: 9 / (4-1) = 3 spaces.


Example 2:

Input: text = " practice   makes   perfect"
Output: "practice   makes   perfect "
Explanation: There are a total of 7 spaces and 3 words. 7 / (3-1) = 3 spaces plus 1 extra space. We place this extra space at the end of the string.


Example 3:

Input: text = "hello   world"
Output: "hello   world"


Example 4:

Input: text = "  walks  udp package   into  bar a"
Output: "walks  udp  package  into  bar  a "


Example 5:

Input: text = "a"
Output: "a"


Constraints:

• 1 <= text.length <= 100
• text consists of lowercase English letters and ' '.
• text contains at least one word.

## Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) -> O(1)

## C++

Given two strings s and t, you want to transform string s into string t using the following operation any number of times:

• Choose a non-empty substring in s and sort it in-place so the characters are in ascending order.

For example, applying the operation on the underlined substring in "14234" results in "12344".

Return true if it is possible to transform string s into string t. Otherwise, return false.

substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "84532", t = "34852"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"84532" (from index 2 to 3) -> "84352"
"84352" (from index 0 to 2) -> "34852"


Example 2:

Input: s = "34521", t = "23415"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"34521" -> "23451"
"23451" -> "23415"


Example 3:

Input: s = "12345", t = "12435"
Output: false


Example 4:

Input: s = "1", t = "2"
Output: false


Constraints:

• s.length == t.length
• 1 <= s.length <= 105
• s and t only contain digits from '0' to '9'.

Solution: Queue

We can move a smaller digit from right to left by sorting two adjacent digits.
e.g. 18572 -> 18527 -> 18257 -> 12857, but we can not move a larger to the left of a smaller one.

Thus, for each digit in the target string, we find the first occurrence of it in s, and try to move it to the front by checking if there is any smaller one in front of it.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

## Python3

Given a string s and an array of integers cost where cost[i] is the cost of deleting the character i in s.

Return the minimum cost of deletions such that there are no two identical letters next to each other.

Notice that you will delete the chosen characters at the same time, in other words, after deleting a character, the costs of deleting other characters will not change.

Example 1:

Input: s = "abaac", cost = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 3
Explanation: Delete the letter "a" with cost 3 to get "abac" (String without two identical letters next to each other).


Example 2:

Input: s = "abc", cost = [1,2,3]
Output: 0
Explanation: You don't need to delete any character because there are no identical letters next to each other.


Example 3:

Input: s = "aabaa", cost = [1,2,3,4,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: Delete the first and the last character, getting the string ("aba").


Constraints:

• s.length == cost.length
• 1 <= s.length, cost.length <= 10^5
• 1 <= cost[i] <= 10^4
• s contains only lowercase English letters.

## Solution: Group by group

For a group of same letters, delete all expect the one with the highest cost.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## python3

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