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Posts tagged as “list”

花花酱 LeetCode 1823. Find the Winner of the Circular Game

There are n friends that are playing a game. The friends are sitting in a circle and are numbered from 1 to n in clockwise order. More formally, moving clockwise from the ith friend brings you to the (i+1)th friend for 1 <= i < n, and moving clockwise from the nth friend brings you to the 1st friend.

The rules of the game are as follows:

  1. Start at the 1st friend.
  2. Count the next k friends in the clockwise direction including the friend you started at. The counting wraps around the circle and may count some friends more than once.
  3. The last friend you counted leaves the circle and loses the game.
  4. If there is still more than one friend in the circle, go back to step 2 starting from the friend immediately clockwise of the friend who just lost and repeat.
  5. Else, the last friend in the circle wins the game.

Given the number of friends, n, and an integer k, return the winner of the game.

Example 1:

Input: n = 5, k = 2
Output: 3
Explanation: Here are the steps of the game:
1) Start at friend 1.
2) Count 2 friends clockwise, which are friends 1 and 2.
3) Friend 2 leaves the circle. Next start is friend 3.
4) Count 2 friends clockwise, which are friends 3 and 4.
5) Friend 4 leaves the circle. Next start is friend 5.
6) Count 2 friends clockwise, which are friends 5 and 1.
7) Friend 1 leaves the circle. Next start is friend 3.
8) Count 2 friends clockwise, which are friends 3 and 5.
9) Friend 5 leaves the circle. Only friend 3 is left, so they are the winner.

Example 2:

Input: n = 6, k = 5
Output: 1
Explanation: The friends leave in this order: 5, 4, 6, 2, 3. The winner is friend 1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= k <= n <= 500

Solution 1: Simulation w/ Queue / List

Time complexity: O(n*k)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++/Queue

C++/List

花花酱 LeetCode 1721. Swapping Nodes in a Linked List

You are given the head of a linked list, and an integer k.

Return the head of the linked list after swapping the values of the kth node from the beginning and the kth node from the end (the list is 1-indexed).

Example 1:

Input: head = [1,2,3,4,5], k = 2
Output: [1,4,3,2,5]

Example 2:

Input: head = [7,9,6,6,7,8,3,0,9,5], k = 5
Output: [7,9,6,6,8,7,3,0,9,5]

Example 3:

Input: head = [1], k = 1
Output: [1]

Example 4:

Input: head = [1,2], k = 1
Output: [2,1]

Example 5:

Input: head = [1,2,3], k = 2
Output: [1,2,3]

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the list is n.
  • 1 <= k <= n <= 105
  • 0 <= Node.val <= 100

Solution:

Two passes. First pass, find the length of the list. Second pass, record the k-th and n-k+1-th node.
Once done swap their values.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1670. Design Front Middle Back Queue

Design a queue that supports push and pop operations in the front, middle, and back.

Implement the FrontMiddleBack class:

  • FrontMiddleBack() Initializes the queue.
  • void pushFront(int val) Adds val to the front of the queue.
  • void pushMiddle(int val) Adds val to the middle of the queue.
  • void pushBack(int val) Adds val to the back of the queue.
  • int popFront() Removes the front element of the queue and returns it. If the queue is empty, return -1.
  • int popMiddle() Removes the middle element of the queue and returns it. If the queue is empty, return -1.
  • int popBack() Removes the back element of the queue and returns it. If the queue is empty, return -1.

Notice that when there are two middle position choices, the operation is performed on the frontmost middle position choice. For example:

  • Pushing 6 into the middle of [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] results in [1, 2, 6, 3, 4, 5].
  • Popping the middle from [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6] returns 3 and results in [1, 2, 4, 5, 6].

Example 1:

Input:
["FrontMiddleBackQueue", "pushFront", "pushBack", "pushMiddle", "pushMiddle", "popFront", "popMiddle", "popMiddle", "popBack", "popFront"]
[[], [1], [2], [3], [4], [], [], [], [], []]
Output:
[null, null, null, null, null, 1, 3, 4, 2, -1]
Explanation:
FrontMiddleBackQueue q = new FrontMiddleBackQueue();
q.pushFront(1);   // [1]
q.pushBack(2);    // [1, 2]
q.pushMiddle(3);  // [1, 3, 2]
q.pushMiddle(4);  // [1, 4, 3, 2]
q.popFront();     // return 1 -> [4, 3, 2]
q.popMiddle();    // return 3 -> [4, 2]
q.popMiddle();    // return 4 -> [2]
q.popBack();      // return 2 -> []
q.popFront();     // return -1 -> [] (The queue is empty)

Constraints:

  • 1 <= val <= 109
  • At most 1000 calls will be made to pushFrontpushMiddlepushBackpopFrontpopMiddle, and popBack.

Solution: List + Middle Iterator

Time complexity: O(1) per op
Space complexity: O(n) in total

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1669. Merge In Between Linked Lists

You are given two linked lists: list1 and list2 of sizes n and m respectively.

Remove list1‘s nodes from the ath node to the bth node, and put list2 in their place.

The blue edges and nodes in the following figure incidate the result:

Build the result list and return its head.

Example 1:

Input: list1 = [0,1,2,3,4,5], a = 3, b = 4, list2 = [1000000,1000001,1000002]
Output: [0,1,2,1000000,1000001,1000002,5]
Explanation: We remove the nodes 3 and 4 and put the entire list2 in their place. The blue edges and nodes in the above figure indicate the result.

Example 2:

Input: list1 = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6], a = 2, b = 5, list2 = [1000000,1000001,1000002,1000003,1000004]
Output: [0,1,1000000,1000001,1000002,1000003,1000004,6]
Explanation: The blue edges and nodes in the above figure indicate the result.

Constraints:

  • 3 <= list1.length <= 104
  • 1 <= a <= b < list1.length - 1
  • 1 <= list2.length <= 104

Solution: List Operations

Find the following nodes:
1. previous node to the a-th node: prev_a
2. the b-th node: node_b
3. tail node of list2: tail2

prev_a->next = list2
tail2->next = node_b

return list1

Time complexity: O(m+n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 61. Rotate List

Given a linked list, rotate the list to the right by k places, where k is non-negative.

Example 1:

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL, k = 2
Output: 4->5->1->2->3->NULL
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: 5->1->2->3->4->NULL
rotate 2 steps to the right: 4->5->1->2->3->NULL

Example 2:

Input: 0->1->2->NULL, k = 4
Output: 2->0->1->NULL
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: 2->0->1->NULL
rotate 2 steps to the right: 1->2->0->NULL
rotate 3 steps to the right: 0->1->2->NULL
rotate 4 steps to the right: 2->0->1->NULL

Solution: Find the prev of the new head

Step 1: Get the tail node T while counting the length of the list.
Step 2: k %= l, k can be greater than l, rotate k % l times has the same effect.
Step 3: Find the previous node P of the new head N by moving (l – k – 1) steps from head
Step 4: set P.next to null, T.next to head and return N

Time complexity: O(n) n is the length of the list
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Java

Python3