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Posts tagged as “easy”

花花酱 LeetCode 1859. Sorting the Sentence

sentence is a list of words that are separated by a single space with no leading or trailing spaces. Each word consists of lowercase and uppercase English letters.

A sentence can be shuffled by appending the 1-indexed word position to each word then rearranging the words in the sentence.

  • For example, the sentence "This is a sentence" can be shuffled as "sentence4 a3 is2 This1" or "is2 sentence4 This1 a3".

Given a shuffled sentence s containing no more than 9 words, reconstruct and return the original sentence.

Example 1:

Input: s = "is2 sentence4 This1 a3"
Output: "This is a sentence"
Explanation: Sort the words in s to their original positions "This1 is2 a3 sentence4", then remove the numbers.

Example 2:

Input: s = "Myself2 Me1 I4 and3"
Output: "Me Myself and I"
Explanation: Sort the words in s to their original positions "Me1 Myself2 and3 I4", then remove the numbers.

Constraints:

  • 2 <= s.length <= 200
  • s consists of lowercase and uppercase English letters, spaces, and digits from 1 to 9.
  • The number of words in s is between 1 and 9.
  • The words in s are separated by a single space.
  • s contains no leading or trailing spaces.

Solution: String

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1854. Maximum Population Year

You are given a 2D integer array logs where each logs[i] = [birthi, deathi] indicates the birth and death years of the ith person.

The population of some year x is the number of people alive during that year. The ith person is counted in year x‘s population if x is in the inclusive range [birthi, deathi - 1]. Note that the person is not counted in the year that they die.

Return the earliest year with the maximum population.

Example 1:

Input: logs = [[1993,1999],[2000,2010]]
Output: 1993
Explanation: The maximum population is 1, and 1993 is the earliest year with this population.

Example 2:

Input: logs = [[1950,1961],[1960,1971],[1970,1981]]
Output: 1960
Explanation: 
The maximum population is 2, and it had happened in years 1960 and 1970.
The earlier year between them is 1960.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= logs.length <= 100
  • 1950 <= birthi < deathi <= 2050

Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n*y)
Space complexity: O(y)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1848. Minimum Distance to the Target Element

Given an integer array nums (0-indexed) and two integers target and start, find an index i such that nums[i] == target and abs(i - start) is minimized. Note that abs(x) is the absolute value of x.

Return abs(i - start).

It is guaranteed that target exists in nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5], target = 5, start = 3
Output: 1
Explanation: nums[4] = 5 is the only value equal to target, so the answer is abs(4 - 3) = 1.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1], target = 1, start = 0
Output: 0
Explanation: nums[0] = 1 is the only value equal to target, so the answer is abs(0 - 0) = 1.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1], target = 1, start = 0
Output: 0
Explanation: Every value of nums is 1, but nums[0] minimizes abs(i - start), which is abs(0 - 0) = 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 0 <= start < nums.length
  • target is in nums.

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1844. Replace All Digits with Characters

You are given a 0-indexed string s that has lowercase English letters in its even indices and digits in its odd indices.

There is a function shift(c, x), where c is a character and x is a digit, that returns the xth character after c.

  • For example, shift('a', 5) = 'f' and shift('x', 0) = 'x'.

For every odd index i, you want to replace the digit s[i] with shift(s[i-1], s[i]).

Return s after replacing all digits. It is guaranteed that shift(s[i-1], s[i]) will never exceed 'z'.

Example 1:

Input: s = "a1c1e1"
Output: "abcdef"
Explanation: The digits are replaced as follows:
- s[1] -> shift('a',1) = 'b'
- s[3] -> shift('c',1) = 'd'
- s[5] -> shift('e',1) = 'f'

Example 2:

Input: s = "a1b2c3d4e"
Output: "abbdcfdhe"
Explanation: The digits are replaced as follows:
- s[1] -> shift('a',1) = 'b'
- s[3] -> shift('b',2) = 'd'
- s[5] -> shift('c',3) = 'f'
- s[7] -> shift('d',4) = 'h'

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 100
  • s consists only of lowercase English letters and digits.
  • shift(s[i-1], s[i]) <= 'z' for all odd indices i.

Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1837. Sum of Digits in Base K

Given an integer n (in base 10) and a base k, return the sum of the digits of n after converting n from base 10 to base k.

After converting, each digit should be interpreted as a base 10 number, and the sum should be returned in base 10.

Example 1:

Input: n = 34, k = 6
Output: 9
Explanation: 34 (base 10) expressed in base 6 is 54. 5 + 4 = 9.

Example 2:

Input: n = 10, k = 10
Output: 1
Explanation: n is already in base 10. 1 + 0 = 1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 100
  • 2 <= k <= 10

Solution: Base Conversion

Time complexity: O(logn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++