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Posts published in “Array”

花花酱 LeetCode 1773. Count Items Matching a Rule

You are given an array items, where each items[i] = [typei, colori, namei] describes the type, color, and name of the ith item. You are also given a rule represented by two strings, ruleKey and ruleValue.

The ith item is said to match the rule if one of the following is true:

  • ruleKey == "type" and ruleValue == typei.
  • ruleKey == "color" and ruleValue == colori.
  • ruleKey == "name" and ruleValue == namei.

Return the number of items that match the given rule.

Example 1:

Input: items = [["phone","blue","pixel"],["computer","silver","lenovo"],["phone","gold","iphone"]], ruleKey = "color", ruleValue = "silver"
Output: 1
Explanation: There is only one item matching the given rule, which is ["computer","silver","lenovo"].

Example 2:

Input: items = [["phone","blue","pixel"],["computer","silver","phone"],["phone","gold","iphone"]], ruleKey = "type", ruleValue = "phone"
Output: 2
Explanation: There are only two items matching the given rule, which are ["phone","blue","pixel"] and ["phone","gold","iphone"]. Note that the item ["computer","silver","phone"] does not match.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= items.length <= 104
  • 1 <= typei.length, colori.length, namei.length, ruleValue.length <= 10
  • ruleKey is equal to either "type""color", or "name".
  • All strings consist only of lowercase letters.

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1764. Form Array by Concatenating Subarrays of Another Array

You are given a 2D integer array groups of length n. You are also given an integer array nums.

You are asked if you can choose n disjoint subarrays from the array nums such that the ith subarray is equal to groups[i] (0-indexed), and if i > 0, the (i-1)th subarray appears before the ith subarray in nums (i.e. the subarrays must be in the same order as groups).

Return true if you can do this task, and false otherwise.

Note that the subarrays are disjoint if and only if there is no index k such that nums[k] belongs to more than one subarray. A subarray is a contiguous sequence of elements within an array.

Example 1:

Input: groups = [[1,-1,-1],[3,-2,0]], nums = [1,-1,0,1,-1,-1,3,-2,0]
Output: true
Explanation: You can choose the 0th subarray as [1,-1,0,1,-1,-1,3,-2,0] and the 1st one as [1,-1,0,1,-1,-1,3,-2,0].
These subarrays are disjoint as they share no common nums[k] element.

Example 2:

Input: groups = [[10,-2],[1,2,3,4]], nums = [1,2,3,4,10,-2]
Output: false
Explanation: Note that choosing the subarrays [1,2,3,4,10,-2] and [1,2,3,4,10,-2] is incorrect because they are not in the same order as in groups.
[10,-2] must come before [1,2,3,4].

Example 3:

Input: groups = [[1,2,3],[3,4]], nums = [7,7,1,2,3,4,7,7]
Output: false
Explanation: Note that choosing the subarrays [7,7,1,2,3,4,7,7] and [7,7,1,2,3,4,7,7] is invalid because they are not disjoint.
They share a common elements nums[4] (0-indexed).

Constraints:

  • groups.length == n
  • 1 <= n <= 103
  • 1 <= groups[i].length, sum(groups[i].length) <= 103
  • 1 <= nums.length <= 103
  • -107 <= groups[i][j], nums[k] <= 107

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(n^2?)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1752. Check if Array Is Sorted and Rotated

Given an array nums, return true if the array was originally sorted in non-decreasing order, then rotated some number of positions (including zero). Otherwise, return false.

There may be duplicates in the original array.

Note: An array A rotated by x positions results in an array B of the same length such that A[i] == B[(i+x) % A.length], where % is the modulo operation.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [3,4,5,1,2]
Output: true
Explanation: [1,2,3,4,5] is the original sorted array.
You can rotate the array by x = 3 positions to begin on the the element of value 3: [3,4,5,1,2].

Example 2:

Input: nums = [2,1,3,4]
Output: false
Explanation: There is no sorted array once rotated that can make nums.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,2,3]
Output: true
Explanation: [1,2,3] is the original sorted array.
You can rotate the array by x = 0 positions (i.e. no rotation) to make nums.

Example 4:

Input: nums = [1,1,1]
Output: true
Explanation: [1,1,1] is the original sorted array.
You can rotate any number of positions to make nums.

Example 5:

Input: nums = [2,1]
Output: true
Explanation: [1,2] is the original sorted array.
You can rotate the array by x = 5 positions to begin on the element of value 2: [2,1].

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 100
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 100

Solution: Counting and checking

Count how many turning points (nums[i] < nums[i – 1]) in the array. Return false if there are more than 1.
For the turning point r, (nums[r] < nums[r – 1), return true if both of the following conditions are satisfied:
1. nums[r – 1] is the largest number, e.g. nums[r – 1] >= nums[n – 1]
2. nums[r] is the smallest number, e.g. nums[r] <= nums[0]

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1749. Maximum Absolute Sum of Any Subarray

You are given an integer array nums. The absolute sum of a subarray [numsl, numsl+1, ..., numsr-1, numsr] is abs(numsl + numsl+1 + ... + numsr-1 + numsr).

Return the maximum absolute sum of any (possibly empty) subarray of nums.

Note that abs(x) is defined as follows:

  • If x is a negative integer, then abs(x) = -x.
  • If x is a non-negative integer, then abs(x) = x.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,-3,2,3,-4]
Output: 5
Explanation: The subarray [2,3] has absolute sum = abs(2+3) = abs(5) = 5.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [2,-5,1,-4,3,-2]
Output: 8
Explanation: The subarray [-5,1,-4] has absolute sum = abs(-5+1-4) = abs(-8) = 8.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • -104 <= nums[i] <= 104

Solution: Prefix Sum

ans = max{abs(prefix_sum[i] – max(prefix_sum[0:i])), abs(prefix_sum – min(prefix_sum[0:i])}

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode1732. Find the Highest Altitude

There is a biker going on a road trip. The road trip consists of n + 1 points at different altitudes. The biker starts his trip on point 0 with altitude equal 0.

You are given an integer array gain of length n where gain[i] is the net gain in altitude between points i​​​​​​ and i + 1 for all (0 <= i < n). Return the highest altitude of a point.

Example 1:

Input: gain = [-5,1,5,0,-7]
Output: 1
Explanation: The altitudes are [0,-5,-4,1,1,-6]. The highest is 1.

Example 2:

Input: gain = [-4,-3,-2,-1,4,3,2]
Output: 0
Explanation: The altitudes are [0,-4,-7,-9,-10,-6,-3,-1]. The highest is 0.

Constraints:

  • n == gain.length
  • 1 <= n <= 100
  • -100 <= gain[i] <= 100

Solution: Running Max

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++