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Posts tagged as “hashtable”

花花酱 LeetCode 1832. Check if the Sentence Is Pangram

pangram is a sentence where every letter of the English alphabet appears at least once.

Given a string sentence containing only lowercase English letters, returntrue if sentence is a pangram, or false otherwise.

Example 1:

Input: sentence = "thequickbrownfoxjumpsoverthelazydog"
Output: true
Explanation: sentence contains at least one of every letter of the English alphabet.

Example 2:

Input: sentence = "leetcode"
Output: false

Constraints:

  • 1 <= sentence.length <= 1000
  • sentence consists of lowercase English letters.

Solution: Hashset

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(26)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1817. Finding the Users Active Minutes

You are given the logs for users’ actions on LeetCode, and an integer k. The logs are represented by a 2D integer array logs where each logs[i] = [IDi, timei] indicates that the user with IDi performed an action at the minute timei.

Multiple users can perform actions simultaneously, and a single user can perform multiple actions in the same minute.

The user active minutes (UAM) for a given user is defined as the number of unique minutes in which the user performed an action on LeetCode. A minute can only be counted once, even if multiple actions occur during it.

You are to calculate a 1-indexed array answer of size k such that, for each j (1 <= j <= k), answer[j] is the number of users whose UAM equals j.

Return the array answer as described above.

Example 1:

Input: logs = [[0,5],[1,2],[0,2],[0,5],[1,3]], k = 5
Output: [0,2,0,0,0]
Explanation:
The user with ID=0 performed actions at minutes 5, 2, and 5 again. Hence, they have a UAM of 2 (minute 5 is only counted once).
The user with ID=1 performed actions at minutes 2 and 3. Hence, they have a UAM of 2.
Since both users have a UAM of 2, answer[2] is 2, and the remaining answer[j] values are 0.

Example 2:

Input: logs = [[1,1],[2,2],[2,3]], k = 4
Output: [1,1,0,0]
Explanation:
The user with ID=1 performed a single action at minute 1. Hence, they have a UAM of 1.
The user with ID=2 performed actions at minutes 2 and 3. Hence, they have a UAM of 2.
There is one user with a UAM of 1 and one with a UAM of 2.
Hence, answer[1] = 1, answer[2] = 1, and the remaining values are 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= logs.length <= 104
  • 0 <= IDi <= 109
  • 1 <= timei <= 105
  • k is in the range [The maximum UAM for a user, 105].

Solution: Hashsets in a Hashtable

key: user_id, value: set{time}

Time complexity: O(n + k)
Space complexity: O(n + k)

C++


花花酱 LeetCode 1814. Count Nice Pairs in an Array

You are given an array nums that consists of non-negative integers. Let us define rev(x) as the reverse of the non-negative integer x. For example, rev(123) = 321, and rev(120) = 21. A pair of indices (i, j) is nice if it satisfies all of the following conditions:

  • 0 <= i < j < nums.length
  • nums[i] + rev(nums[j]) == nums[j] + rev(nums[i])

Return the number of nice pairs of indices. Since that number can be too large, return it modulo 109 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [42,11,1,97]
Output: 2
Explanation: The two pairs are:
 - (0,3) : 42 + rev(97) = 42 + 79 = 121, 97 + rev(42) = 97 + 24 = 121.
 - (1,2) : 11 + rev(1) = 11 + 1 = 12, 1 + rev(11) = 1 + 11 = 12.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [13,10,35,24,76]
Output: 4

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 0 <= nums[i] <= 109

Solution: Two Sum

Key = x – rev(x)

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1807. Evaluate the Bracket Pairs of a String

You are given a string s that contains some bracket pairs, with each pair containing a non-empty key.

  • For example, in the string "(name)is(age)yearsold", there are two bracket pairs that contain the keys "name" and "age".

You know the values of a wide range of keys. This is represented by a 2D string array knowledge where each knowledge[i] = [keyi, valuei] indicates that key keyi has a value of valuei.

You are tasked to evaluate all of the bracket pairs. When you evaluate a bracket pair that contains some key keyi, you will:

  • Replace keyi and the bracket pair with the key’s corresponding valuei.
  • If you do not know the value of the key, you will replace keyi and the bracket pair with a question mark "?" (without the quotation marks).

Each key will appear at most once in your knowledge. There will not be any nested brackets in s.

Return the resulting string after evaluating all of the bracket pairs.

Example 1:

Input: s = "(name)is(age)yearsold", knowledge = [["name","bob"],["age","two"]]
Output: "bobistwoyearsold"
Explanation:
The key "name" has a value of "bob", so replace "(name)" with "bob".
The key "age" has a value of "two", so replace "(age)" with "two".

Example 2:

Input: s = "hi(name)", knowledge = [["a","b"]]
Output: "hi?"
Explanation: As you do not know the value of the key "name", replace "(name)" with "?".

Example 3:

Input: s = "(a)(a)(a)aaa", knowledge = [["a","yes"]]
Output: "yesyesyesaaa"
Explanation: The same key can appear multiple times.
The key "a" has a value of "yes", so replace all occurrences of "(a)" with "yes".
Notice that the "a"s not in a bracket pair are not evaluated.

Example 4:

Input: s = "(a)(b)", knowledge = [["a","b"],["b","a"]]
Output: "ba"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 105
  • 0 <= knowledge.length <= 105
  • knowledge[i].length == 2
  • 1 <= keyi.length, valuei.length <= 10
  • s consists of lowercase English letters and round brackets '(' and ')'.
  • Every open bracket '(' in s will have a corresponding close bracket ')'.
  • The key in each bracket pair of s will be non-empty.
  • There will not be any nested bracket pairs in s.
  • keyi and valuei consist of lowercase English letters.
  • Each keyi in knowledge is unique.

Solution: Hashtable + Simulation

Time complexity: O(n+k)
Space complexity: O(n+k)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1805. Number of Different Integers in a String

You are given a string word that consists of digits and lowercase English letters.

You will replace every non-digit character with a space. For example, "a123bc34d8ef34" will become " 123  34 8  34". Notice that you are left with some integers that are separated by at least one space: "123""34""8", and "34".

Return the number of different integers after performing the replacement operations on word.

Two integers are considered different if their decimal representations without any leading zeros are different.

Example 1:

Input: word = "a123bc34d8ef34"
Output: 3
Explanation: The three different integers are "123", "34", and "8". Notice that "34" is only counted once.

Example 2:

Input: word = "leet1234code234"
Output: 2

Example 3:

Input: word = "a1b01c001"
Output: 1
Explanation: The three integers "1", "01", and "001" all represent the same integer because
the leading zeros are ignored when comparing their decimal values.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= word.length <= 1000
  • word consists of digits and lowercase English letters.

Solution: Hashtable

Be careful about leading zeros.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++