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Posts tagged as “sorting”

花花酱 LeetCode 217. Contains Duplicate

Given an array of integers, find if the array contains any duplicates.

Your function should return true if any value appears at least twice in the array, and it should return false if every element is distinct.

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,3,1]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: [1,2,3,4]
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: [1,1,1,3,3,4,3,2,4,2]
Output: true

Solution 1: HashTable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Sorting

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 1054. Distant Barcodes

In a warehouse, there is a row of barcodes, where the i-th barcode is barcodes[i].

Rearrange the barcodes so that no two adjacent barcodes are equal.  You may return any answer, and it is guaranteed an answer exists.

Example 1:

Input: [1,1,1,2,2,2]
Output: [2,1,2,1,2,1]

Example 2:

Input: [1,1,1,1,2,2,3,3]
Output: [1,3,1,3,2,1,2,1]

Note:

  1. 1 <= barcodes.length <= 10000
  2. 1 <= barcodes[i] <= 10000

Soluton: Sorting

Sort the element by their frequency in descending order. Fill the most frequent element first in even positions, if reach the end of the array, start from position 1 then 3, 5, …

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Find the most frequent

Actually, we only need to find the most frequent element and put in the even positions, then put the rest of the groups of elements in any order.

e.g. [1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4]
Can be
5*2 [2 – 2 – 2 – 2 – 2]
4*1 [2 4 2 – 2 – 2 – 2]
3*1 [2 4 2 3 2 – 2 – 2]
1*2 [ 2 3 2 3 2 1 2 1 2]

if we start with any other groups rather than 2, if will become:
[3 2 2 – 2 – 2 – 2 ] which is wrong…

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1051. Height Checker

Students are asked to stand in non-decreasing order of heights for an annual photo.

Return the minimum number of students not standing in the right positions.  (This is the number of students that must move in order for all students to be standing in non-decreasing order of height.)

Example 1:

Input: [1,1,4,2,1,3]
Output: 3
Explanation: 
Students with heights 4, 3 and the last 1 are not standing in the right positions.

Note:

  1. 1 <= heights.length <= 100
  2. 1 <= heights[i] <= 100

Solution: Sorting

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 973. K Closest Points to Origin

We have a list of points on the plane.  Find the K closest points to the origin (0, 0).

(Here, the distance between two points on a plane is the Euclidean distance.)

You may return the answer in any order.  The answer is guaranteed to be unique (except for the order that it is in.)

Example 1:

Input: points = [[1,3],[-2,2]], K = 1 
Output: [[-2,2]]
Explanation: The distance between (1, 3) and the origin is sqrt(10). The distance between (-2, 2) and the origin is sqrt(8). Since sqrt(8) < sqrt(10), (-2, 2) is closer to the origin. We only want the closest K = 1 points from the origin, so the answer is just [[-2,2]].

Example 2:

Input: points = [[3,3],[5,-1],[-2,4]], K = 2 
Output: [[3,3],[-2,4]] (The answer [[-2,4],[3,3]] would also be accepted.)

Note:

  1. 1 <= K <= points.length <= 10000
  2. -10000 < points[i][0] < 10000
  3. -10000 < points[i][1] < 10000

Solution: Sort

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 954. Array of Doubled Pairs

Problem

Given an array of integers A with even length, return true if and only if it is possible to reorder it such that A[2 * i + 1] = 2 * A[2 * i] for every 0 <= i < len(A) / 2.

Example 1:

Input: [3,1,3,6]
Output: false

Example 2:

Input: [2,1,2,6]
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: [4,-2,2,-4]
Output: true
Explanation: We can take two groups, [-2,-4] and [2,4] to form [-2,-4,2,4] or [2,4,-2,-4].

Example 4:

Input: [1,2,4,16,8,4]
Output: false

Note:

  1. 0 <= A.length <= 30000
  2. A.length is even
  3. -100000 <= A[i] <= 100000

Solution 1:

Time complexity: O(N + 100000 * 2)

Space complexity: O(100000 * 2)

C++

Solution 2:

Time complexity: O(NlogN)

Space complexity: O(N)

C++