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Posts tagged as “sorting”

花花酱 LeetCode 1268. Search Suggestions System

Given an array of strings products and a string searchWord. We want to design a system that suggests at most three product names from products after each character of searchWord is typed. Suggested products should have common prefix with the searchWord. If there are more than three products with a common prefix return the three lexicographically minimums products.

Return list of lists of the suggested products after each character of searchWord is typed. 

Example 1:

Input: products = ["mobile","mouse","moneypot","monitor","mousepad"], searchWord = "mouse"
Output: [
["mobile","moneypot","monitor"],
["mobile","moneypot","monitor"],
["mouse","mousepad"],
["mouse","mousepad"],
["mouse","mousepad"]
]
Explanation: products sorted lexicographically = ["mobile","moneypot","monitor","mouse","mousepad"]
After typing m and mo all products match and we show user ["mobile","moneypot","monitor"]
After typing mou, mous and mouse the system suggests ["mouse","mousepad"]

Example 2:

Input: products = ["havana"], searchWord = "havana"
Output: [["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"]]

Example 3:

Input: products = ["bags","baggage","banner","box","cloths"], searchWord = "bags"
Output: [["baggage","bags","banner"],["baggage","bags","banner"],["baggage","bags"],["bags"]]

Example 4:

Input: products = ["havana"], searchWord = "tatiana"
Output: [[],[],[],[],[],[],[]]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= products.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= Σ products[i].length <= 2 * 10^4
  • All characters of products[i] are lower-case English letters.
  • 1 <= searchWord.length <= 1000
  • All characters of searchWord are lower-case English letters.

Solution 1: Binary Search

Sort the input array and do two binary searches.
One for prefix of the search word as lower bound, another for prefix + ‘~’ as upper bound.
‘~’ > ‘z’

Time complexity: O(nlogn + l * logn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Solution 2: Trie

Initialization: Sum(len(products[i]))
Query: O(len(searchWord))

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 75. Sort Colors

Given an array with n objects colored red, white or blue, sort them in-place so that objects of the same color are adjacent, with the colors in the order red, white and blue.

Here, we will use the integers 0, 1, and 2 to represent the color red, white, and blue respectively.

Note: You are not suppose to use the library’s sort function for this problem.

Example:

Input: [2,0,2,1,1,0]
Output: [0,0,1,1,2,2]

Follow up:

  • A rather straight forward solution is a two-pass algorithm using counting sort.
    First, iterate the array counting number of 0’s, 1’s, and 2’s, then overwrite array with total number of 0’s, then 1’s and followed by 2’s.
  • Could you come up with a one-pass algorithm using only constant space?

Solution 1: Counting sort

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Solution 2: Two pointers

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1200. Minimum Absolute Difference

Given an array of distinct integers arr, find all pairs of elements with the minimum absolute difference of any two elements. 

Return a list of pairs in ascending order(with respect to pairs), each pair [a, b] follows

  • a, b are from arr
  • a < b
  • b - a equals to the minimum absolute difference of any two elements in arr

Example 1:

Input: arr = [4,2,1,3]
Output: [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4]]
Explanation: The minimum absolute difference is 1. List all pairs with difference equal to 1 in ascending order.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,3,6,10,15]
Output: [[1,3]]

Example 3:

Input: arr = [3,8,-10,23,19,-4,-14,27]
Output: [[-14,-10],[19,23],[23,27]]

Constraints:

  • 2 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • -10^6 <= arr[i] <= 10^6

Solution: Sorting

The min abs difference could only happen between consecutive numbers in sorted form.

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 217. Contains Duplicate

Given an array of integers, find if the array contains any duplicates.

Your function should return true if any value appears at least twice in the array, and it should return false if every element is distinct.

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,3,1]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: [1,2,3,4]
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: [1,1,1,3,3,4,3,2,4,2]
Output: true

Solution 1: HashTable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Sorting

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 1054. Distant Barcodes

In a warehouse, there is a row of barcodes, where the i-th barcode is barcodes[i].

Rearrange the barcodes so that no two adjacent barcodes are equal.  You may return any answer, and it is guaranteed an answer exists.

Example 1:

Input: [1,1,1,2,2,2]
Output: [2,1,2,1,2,1]

Example 2:

Input: [1,1,1,1,2,2,3,3]
Output: [1,3,1,3,2,1,2,1]

Note:

  1. 1 <= barcodes.length <= 10000
  2. 1 <= barcodes[i] <= 10000

Soluton: Sorting

Sort the element by their frequency in descending order. Fill the most frequent element first in even positions, if reach the end of the array, start from position 1 then 3, 5, …

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Find the most frequent

Actually, we only need to find the most frequent element and put in the even positions, then put the rest of the groups of elements in any order.

e.g. [1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4]
Can be
5*2 [2 – 2 – 2 – 2 – 2]
4*1 [2 4 2 – 2 – 2 – 2]
3*1 [2 4 2 3 2 – 2 – 2]
1*2 [ 2 3 2 3 2 1 2 1 2]

if we start with any other groups rather than 2, if will become:
[3 2 2 – 2 – 2 – 2 ] which is wrong…

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++