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Posts tagged as “O(n)”

花花酱 LeetCode 108. Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree

Given an array where elements are sorted in ascending order, convert it to a height balanced BST.

For this problem, a height-balanced binary tree is defined as a binary tree in which the depth of the two subtrees of every node never differ by more than 1.

Example:

Given the sorted array: [-10,-3,0,5,9],

One possible answer is: [0,-3,9,-10,null,5], which represents the following height balanced BST:

      0
     / \
   -3   9
   /   /
 -10  5

Solution: Recursion

Recursively build a BST for a given range.

def build(nums, l, r):
if l > r: return None
m = l + (r – l) / 2
root = TreeNode(nums[m])
root.left = build(nums, l, m – 1)
root.right = build(nums, m + 1, r)
return root

return build(nums, 0, len(nums) – 1)

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(logn)

C++

Java

Python3

JavaScript

花花酱 LeetCode 912. Sort an Array

Given an array of integers nums, sort the array in ascending order.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [5,2,3,1]
Output: [1,2,3,5]

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,1,1,2,0,0]
Output: [0,0,1,1,2,5]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 50000
  • -50000 <= nums[i] <= 50000

Since n <= 50000, any O(n^2) won’t pass, we need O(nlogn) or better

Solution 1: QuickSort

Time complexity: O(nlogn) ~ O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(logn) ~ O(n)

C++

Solution 2: Counting Sort

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(max(nums) – min(nums))

C++

Solution 2: HeapSort

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

C++

Solution 3: MergeSort

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(logn + n)

C++

Solution 4: BST

Time complexity: (nlogn)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1302. Deepest Leaves Sum

Given a binary tree, return the sum of values of its deepest leaves.

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,null,6,7,null,null,null,null,8]
Output: 15

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree is between 1 and 10^4.
  • The value of nodes is between 1 and 100.

Solution 1: Recursion

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 35. Search Insert Position

Given a sorted array and a target value, return the index if the target is found. If not, return the index where it would be if it were inserted in order.

You may assume no duplicates in the array.

Example 1:

Input: [1,3,5,6], 5
Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: [1,3,5,6], 2
Output: 1

Example 3:

Input: [1,3,5,6], 7
Output: 4

Example 4:

Input: [1,3,5,6], 0
Output: 0

Solution: Binary Search

Find the number or upper bound if doesn’t exist.

Time complexity: O(logn)
Space complexity: O1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 138. Copy List with Random Pointer

A linked list is given such that each node contains an additional random pointer which could point to any node in the list or null.

Return a deep copy of the list.

The Linked List is represented in the input/output as a list of n nodes. Each node is represented as a pair of [val, random_index] where:

  • val: an integer representing Node.val
  • random_index: the index of the node (range from 0 to n-1) where random pointer points to, or null if it does not point to any node.

Example 1:

Input: head = [[7,null],[13,0],[11,4],[10,2],[1,0]]
Output: [[7,null],[13,0],[11,4],[10,2],[1,0]]

Example 2:

Input: head = [[1,1],[2,1]]
Output: [[1,1],[2,1]]

Example 3:

Input: head = [[3,null],[3,0],[3,null]]
Output: [[3,null],[3,0],[3,null]]

Example 4:

Input: head = []
Output: []
Explanation: Given linked list is empty (null pointer), so return null.

Constraints:

  • -10000 <= Node.val <= 10000
  • Node.random is null or pointing to a node in the linked list.
  • Number of Nodes will not exceed 1000.

Solution: Hashtable

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++