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Posts tagged as “string”

花花酱 1249. Minimum Remove to Make Valid Parentheses

Given a string s of '(' , ')' and lowercase English characters. 

Your task is to remove the minimum number of parentheses ( '(' or ')', in any positions ) so that the resulting parentheses string is valid and return any valid string.

Formally, a parentheses string is valid if and only if:

  • It is the empty string, contains only lowercase characters, or
  • It can be written as AB (A concatenated with B), where A and B are valid strings, or
  • It can be written as (A), where A is a valid string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "lee(t(c)o)de)"
Output: "lee(t(c)o)de"
Explanation: "lee(t(co)de)" , "lee(t(c)ode)" would also be accepted.

Example 2:

Input: s = "a)b(c)d"
Output: "ab(c)d"

Example 3:

Input: s = "))(("
Output: ""
Explanation: An empty string is also valid.

Example 4:

Input: s = "(a(b(c)d)"
Output: "a(b(c)d)"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s[i] is one of  '(' , ')' and lowercase English letters.

Solution: Couting

Count how many “(” are open and how many “)” left.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1233. Remove Sub-Folders from the Filesystem

Given a list of folders, remove all sub-folders in those folders and return in any order the folders after removing.

If a folder[i] is located within another folder[j], it is called a sub-folder of it.

The format of a path is one or more concatenated strings of the form: / followed by one or more lowercase English letters. For example, /leetcode and /leetcode/problems are valid paths while an empty string and / are not.

Example 1:

Input: folder = ["/a","/a/b","/c/d","/c/d/e","/c/f"]
Output: ["/a","/c/d","/c/f"]
Explanation: Folders "/a/b/" is a subfolder of "/a" and "/c/d/e" is inside of folder "/c/d" in our filesystem.

Example 2:

Input: folder = ["/a","/a/b/c","/a/b/d"]
Output: ["/a"]
Explanation: Folders "/a/b/c" and "/a/b/d/" will be removed because they are subfolders of "/a".

Example 3:

Input: folder = ["/a/b/c","/a/b/ca","/a/b/d"]
Output: ["/a/b/c","/a/b/ca","/a/b/d"]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= folder.length <= 4 * 10^4
  • 2 <= folder[i].length <= 100
  • folder[i] contains only lowercase letters and ‘/’
  • folder[i] always starts with character ‘/’
  • Each folder name is unique.

Solution: HashTable

Time complexity: O(n*L)
Space complexity: O(n*L)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1221. Split a String in Balanced Strings

Balanced strings are those who have equal quantity of ‘L’ and ‘R’ characters.

Given a balanced string s split it in the maximum amount of balanced strings.

Return the maximum amount of splitted balanced strings.

Example 1:

Input: s = "RLRRLLRLRL"
Output: 4
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "RRLL", "RL", "RL", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 2:

Input: s = "RLLLLRRRLR"
Output: 3
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "LLLRRR", "LR", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 3:

Input: s = "LLLLRRRR"
Output: 1
Explanation: s can be split into "LLLLRRRR".

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s[i] = 'L' or 'R'

Solution: Greedy

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 131. Palindrome Partitioning

Given a string s, partition s such that every substring of the partition is a palindrome.

Return all possible palindrome partitioning of s.

Example:

Input: "aab"
Output:
[
  ["aa","b"],
  ["a","a","b"]
]

Solution1: DP

dp[i] := ans of str[0:i]
dp[j] = { x + str[i:len] for x in dp[i] }, 0 <= i < len

Time complexity: O(2^n)
Space complexity: O(2^n)

C++

Solution 2: DFS

Time complexity: O(2^n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1220. Count Vowels Permutation

Given an integer n, your task is to count how many strings of length n can be formed under the following rules:

  • Each character is a lower case vowel ('a''e''i''o''u')
  • Each vowel 'a' may only be followed by an 'e'.
  • Each vowel 'e' may only be followed by an 'a' or an 'i'.
  • Each vowel 'i' may not be followed by another 'i'.
  • Each vowel 'o' may only be followed by an 'i' or a 'u'.
  • Each vowel 'u' may only be followed by an 'a'.

Since the answer may be too large, return it modulo 10^9 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: n = 1
Output: 5
Explanation: All possible strings are: "a", "e", "i" , "o" and "u".

Example 2:

Input: n = 2
Output: 10
Explanation: All possible strings are: "ae", "ea", "ei", "ia", "ie", "io", "iu", "oi", "ou" and "ua".

Example 3: 

Input: n = 5
Output: 68

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 2 * 10^4

Solution: DP

dp[i][c] := number of strings of length i ends with letter c
transition: follow the definition
ans = sum(dp[n])

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) -> O(1)

C++

C++/O(1)

Solution 2: Matrix multiplication

Time complexity: O(logn)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++