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Posts tagged as “string”

花花酱 LeetCode 1585. Check If String Is Transformable With Substring Sort Operations

Given two strings s and t, you want to transform string s into string t using the following operation any number of times:

  • Choose a non-empty substring in s and sort it in-place so the characters are in ascending order.

For example, applying the operation on the underlined substring in "14234" results in "12344".

Return true if it is possible to transform string s into string t. Otherwise, return false.

substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "84532", t = "34852"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"84532" (from index 2 to 3) -> "84352"
"84352" (from index 0 to 2) -> "34852"

Example 2:

Input: s = "34521", t = "23415"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"34521" -> "23451"
"23451" -> "23415"

Example 3:

Input: s = "12345", t = "12435"
Output: false

Example 4:

Input: s = "1", t = "2"
Output: false

Constraints:

  • s.length == t.length
  • 1 <= s.length <= 105
  • s and t only contain digits from '0' to '9'.

Solution: Queue

We can move a smaller digit from right to left by sorting two adjacent digits.
e.g. 18572 -> 18527 -> 18257 -> 12857, but we can not move a larger to the left of a smaller one.

Thus, for each digit in the target string, we find the first occurrence of it in s, and try to move it to the front by checking if there is any smaller one in front of it.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1578. Minimum Deletion Cost to Avoid Repeating Letters

Given a string s and an array of integers cost where cost[i] is the cost of deleting the character i in s.

Return the minimum cost of deletions such that there are no two identical letters next to each other.

Notice that you will delete the chosen characters at the same time, in other words, after deleting a character, the costs of deleting other characters will not change.

Example 1:

Input: s = "abaac", cost = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 3
Explanation: Delete the letter "a" with cost 3 to get "abac" (String without two identical letters next to each other).

Example 2:

Input: s = "abc", cost = [1,2,3]
Output: 0
Explanation: You don't need to delete any character because there are no identical letters next to each other.

Example 3:

Input: s = "aabaa", cost = [1,2,3,4,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: Delete the first and the last character, getting the string ("aba").

Constraints:

  • s.length == cost.length
  • 1 <= s.length, cost.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= cost[i] <= 10^4
  • s contains only lowercase English letters.

Solution: Group by group

For a group of same letters, delete all expect the one with the highest cost.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

python3

花花酱 LeetCode 1576. Replace All ?’s to Avoid Consecutive Repeating Characters

Given a string s containing only lower case English letters and the ‘?’ character, convert all the ‘?’ characters into lower case letters such that the final string does not contain any consecutive repeating characters. You cannot modify the non ‘?’ characters.

It is guaranteed that there are no consecutive repeating characters in the given string except for ‘?’.

Return the final string after all the conversions (possibly zero) have been made. If there is more than one solution, return any of them. It can be shown that an answer is always possible with the given constraints.

Example 1:

Input: s = "?zs"
Output: "azs"
Explanation: There are 25 solutions for this problem. From "azs" to "yzs", all are valid. Only "z" is an invalid modification as the string will consist of consecutive repeating characters in "zzs".

Example 2:

Input: s = "ubv?w"
Output: "ubvaw"
Explanation: There are 24 solutions for this problem. Only "v" and "w" are invalid modifications as the strings will consist of consecutive repeating characters in "ubvvw" and "ubvww".

Example 3:

Input: s = "j?qg??b"
Output: "jaqgacb"

Example 4:

Input: s = "??yw?ipkj?"
Output: "acywaipkja"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 100
  • s contains only lower case English letters and ‘?’.

Solution: Greedy

For each ?, find the first one among ‘abc’ that is not same as left or right.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1556. Thousand Separator

Given an integer n, add a dot (“.”) as the thousands separator and return it in string format.

Example 1:

Input: n = 987
Output: "987"

Example 2:

Input: n = 1234
Output: "1.234"

Example 3:

Input: n = 123456789
Output: "123.456.789"

Example 4:

Input: n = 0
Output: "0"

Constraints:

  • 0 <= n < 2^31

Solution: Digit by digit

Time complexity: O(log^2(n)) -> O(logn)
Space complexity: O(log(n))

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1544. Make The String Great

Given a string s of lower and upper case English letters.

A good string is a string which doesn’t have two adjacent characters s[i] and s[i + 1] where:

  • 0 <= i <= s.length - 2
  • s[i] is a lower-case letter and s[i + 1] is the same letter but in upper-case or vice-versa.

To make the string good, you can choose two adjacent characters that make the string bad and remove them. You can keep doing this until the string becomes good.

Return the string after making it good. The answer is guaranteed to be unique under the given constraints.

Notice that an empty string is also good.

Example 1:

Input: s = "leEeetcode"
Output: "leetcode"
Explanation: In the first step, either you choose i = 1 or i = 2, both will result "leEeetcode" to be reduced to "leetcode".

Example 2:

Input: s = "abBAcC"
Output: ""
Explanation: We have many possible scenarios, and all lead to the same answer. For example:
"abBAcC" --> "aAcC" --> "cC" --> ""
"abBAcC" --> "abBA" --> "aA" --> ""

Example 3:

Input: s = "s"
Output: "s"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 100
  • s contains only lower and upper case English letters.

Solution: Stack

Iterator over the string, compare current char with top of the stack, if they are a bad pair, pop the stack (remove both of them). Otherwise, push the current char onto the stack.

input: “abBAcC”
“a”
“ab”
“abB” -> “a”
aA” -> “”
“c”
cC” -> “”
ans = “”

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Java

Python3