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Posts tagged as “subsequence”

花花酱 LeetCode 1771. Maximize Palindrome Length From Subsequences

You are given two strings, word1 and word2. You want to construct a string in the following manner:

  • Choose some non-empty subsequence subsequence1 from word1.
  • Choose some non-empty subsequence subsequence2 from word2.
  • Concatenate the subsequences: subsequence1 + subsequence2, to make the string.

Return the length of the longest palindrome that can be constructed in the described manner. If no palindromes can be constructed, return 0.

subsequence of a string s is a string that can be made by deleting some (possibly none) characters from s without changing the order of the remaining characters.

palindrome is a string that reads the same forward as well as backward.

Example 1:

Input: word1 = "cacb", word2 = "cbba"
Output: 5
Explanation: Choose "ab" from word1 and "cba" from word2 to make "abcba", which is a palindrome.

Example 2:

Input: word1 = "ab", word2 = "ab"
Output: 3
Explanation: Choose "ab" from word1 and "a" from word2 to make "aba", which is a palindrome.

Example 3:

Input: word1 = "aa", word2 = "bb"
Output: 0
Explanation: You cannot construct a palindrome from the described method, so return 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= word1.length, word2.length <= 1000
  • word1 and word2 consist of lowercase English letters.

Solution: DP

Similar to 花花酱 LeetCode 516. Longest Palindromic Subsequence

Let s = word1 + word2, build dp table on s. We just need to make sure there’s at least one char from each string.

Time complexity: O((m+n)^2)
Space complexity: O((m+n)^2)

C++

O(m+n) Space complexity

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1458. Max Dot Product of Two Subsequences

Given two arrays nums1 and nums2.

Return the maximum dot product between non-empty subsequences of nums1 and nums2 with the same length.

A subsequence of a array is a new array which is formed from the original array by deleting some (can be none) of the characters without disturbing the relative positions of the remaining characters. (ie, [2,3,5] is a subsequence of [1,2,3,4,5] while [1,5,3] is not).

Example 1:

Input: nums1 = [2,1,-2,5], nums2 = [3,0,-6]
Output: 18
Explanation: Take subsequence [2,-2] from nums1 and subsequence [3,-6] from nums2.
Their dot product is (2*3 + (-2)*(-6)) = 18.

Example 2:

Input: nums1 = [3,-2], nums2 = [2,-6,7]
Output: 21
Explanation: Take subsequence [3] from nums1 and subsequence [7] from nums2.
Their dot product is (3*7) = 21.

Example 3:

Input: nums1 = [-1,-1], nums2 = [1,1]
Output: -1
Explanation: Take subsequence [-1] from nums1 and subsequence [1] from nums2.
Their dot product is -1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums1.length, nums2.length <= 500
  • -1000 <= nums1[i], nums2[i] <= 1000

Solution: DP

dp[i][j] := max product of nums1[0~i], nums2[0~j].

dp[i][j] = max(dp[i-1][j], dp[i][j -1], max(0, dp[i-1][j-1]) + nums1[i]*nums2[j])

Time complexity: O(n1*n2)
Space complexity: O(n1*n2)

C++

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1332. Remove Palindromic Subsequences

Given a string s consisting only of letters 'a' and 'b'. In a single step you can remove one palindromic subsequence from s.

Return the minimum number of steps to make the given string empty.

A string is a subsequence of a given string, if it is generated by deleting some characters of a given string without changing its order.

A string is called palindrome if is one that reads the same backward as well as forward.

Example 1:

Input: s = "ababa"
Output: 1
Explanation: String is already palindrome

Example 2:

Input: s = "abb"
Output: 2
Explanation: "abb" -> "bb" -> "". 
Remove palindromic subsequence "a" then "bb".

Example 3:

Input: s = "baabb"
Output: 2
Explanation: "baabb" -> "b" -> "". 
Remove palindromic subsequence "baab" then "b".

Example 4:

Input: s = ""
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 0 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s only consists of letters ‘a’ and ‘b’

Solution: Math

if s is empty => 0 step
if s is a palindrome => 1 step
Otherwise, 2 steps…
1. delete all the as
2. delete all the bs

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) / O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1218. Longest Arithmetic Subsequence of Given Difference

Given an integer array arr and an integer difference, return the length of the longest subsequence in arr which is an arithmetic sequence such that the difference between adjacent elements in the subsequence equals difference.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [1,2,3,4], difference = 1
Output: 4
Explanation: The longest arithmetic subsequence is [1,2,3,4].

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,3,5,7], difference = 1
Output: 1
Explanation: The longest arithmetic subsequence is any single element.

Example 3:

Input: arr = [1,5,7,8,5,3,4,2,1], difference = -2
Output: 4
Explanation: The longest arithmetic subsequence is [7,5,3,1].

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • -10^4 <= arr[i], difference <= 10^4

Solution: DP

dp[i] := max length of sequence ends with x
dp[x] = max(0, dp[x – diff]) + 1

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1092. Shortest Common Supersequence

Given two strings str1 and str2, return the shortest string that has both str1 and str2 as subsequences.  If multiple answers exist, you may return any of them.

(A string S is a subsequence of string T if deleting some number of characters from T (possibly 0, and the characters are chosen anywherefrom T) results in the string S.)

Example 1:

Input: str1 = "abac", str2 = "cab"
Output: "cabac"
Explanation: 
str1 = "abac" is a substring of "cabac" because we can delete the first "c".
str2 = "cab" is a substring of "cabac" because we can delete the last "ac".
The answer provided is the shortest such string that satisfies these properties.

Note:

  1. 1 <= str1.length, str2.length <= 1000
  2. str1 and str2 consist of lowercase English letters.

Solution: LCS

Find the LCS (longest common sub-sequence) of two strings, and insert unmatched characters into the LCS.

Time complexity: O(mn)
Space complexity: O(mn)

C++