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Posts tagged as “array”

花花酱 LeetCode 451. Sort Characters By Frequency

Problem:

Given a string, sort it in decreasing order based on the frequency of characters.

Example 1:

Input:
“tree”

Output:
“eert”

Explanation:
‘e’ appears twice while ‘r’ and ‘t’ both appear once.
So ‘e’ must appear before both ‘r’ and ‘t’. Therefore “eetr” is also a valid answer.
Example 2:

Input:
“cccaaa”

Output:
“cccaaa”

Explanation:
Both ‘c’ and ‘a’ appear three times, so “aaaccc” is also a valid answer.
Note that “cacaca” is incorrect, as the same characters must be together.
Example 3:

Input:
“Aabb”

Output:
“bbAa”

Explanation:
“bbaA” is also a valid answer, but “Aabb” is incorrect.
Note that ‘A’ and ‘a’ are treated as two different characters.

 

Idea:

Counting sort

 

Solution 1: 

Sort the string based on element frequency

 

Solution 2:

Counting sort

 

花花酱 LeetCode 268. Missing Number

Problem:

Given an array containing n distinct numbers taken from 0, 1, 2, …, n, find the one that is missing from the array.

For example,
Given nums = [0, 1, 3] return 2.

Note:
Your algorithm should run in linear runtime complexity. Could you implement it using only constant extra space complexity?

 

Idea:

sum / xor

Solution:

 

花花酱 LeetCode 154. Find Minimum in Rotated Sorted Array II

Problem:

Suppose an array sorted in ascending order is rotated at some pivot unknown to you beforehand.

(i.e., 0 1 2 4 5 6 7 might become 4 5 6 7 0 1 2).

Find the minimum element.

The array may contain duplicates.

Idea: 

Divide and conquer

Time complexity:

Average: O(logn)

Worst: O(n)

Solution:

 

Related Problems:

花花酱 LeetCode 422. Find All Duplicates in an Array

Given an array of integers, 1 ≤ a[i] ≤ n (n = size of array), some elements appear twice and others appear once.

Find all the elements that appear twice in this array.

Could you do it without extra space and in O(n) runtime?

Example: