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Posts tagged as “interval”

花花酱 LeetCode 1272. Remove Interval

Given a sorted list of disjoint intervals, each interval intervals[i] = [a, b] represents the set of real numbers x such that a <= x < b.

We remove the intersections between any interval in intervals and the interval toBeRemoved.

Return a sorted list of intervals after all such removals.

Example 1:

Input: intervals = [[0,2],[3,4],[5,7]], toBeRemoved = [1,6]
Output: [[0,1],[6,7]]

Example 2:

Input: intervals = [[0,5]], toBeRemoved = [2,3]
Output: [[0,2],[3,5]]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= intervals.length <= 10^4
  • -10^9 <= intervals[i][0] < intervals[i][1] <= 10^9

Solution: Geometry

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 986. Interval List Intersections

Given two lists of closed intervals, each list of intervals is pairwise disjoint and in sorted order.

Return the intersection of these two interval lists.

(Formally, a closed interval [a, b] (with a <= b) denotes the set of real numbers x with a <= x <= b.  The intersection of two closed intervals is a set of real numbers that is either empty, or can be represented as a closed interval.  For example, the intersection of [1, 3] and [2, 4] is [2, 3].)

Example 1:

Input: A = [[0,2],[5,10],[13,23],[24,25]], B = [[1,5],[8,12],[15,24],[25,26]]
Output: [[1,2],[5,5],[8,10],[15,23],[24,24],[25,25]]
Reminder: The inputs and the desired output are lists of Interval objects, and not arrays or lists.

Note:

  1. 0 <= A.length < 1000
  2. 0 <= B.length < 1000
  3. 0 <= A[i].start, A[i].end, B[i].start, B[i].end < 10^9

Solution: Two pointers

Time complexity: O(m + n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 759. Employee Free Time

题目大意:给你每个员工的日历,让你找出所有员工都有空的时间段。

Problem:

We are given a list schedule of employees, which represents the working time for each employee.

Each employee has a list of non-overlapping Intervals, and these intervals are in sorted order.

Return the list of finite intervals representing common, positive-length free time for all employees, also in sorted order.

Example 1:

Example 2:

(Even though we are representing Intervals in the form [x, y], the objects inside are Intervals, not lists or arrays. For example, schedule[0][0].start = 1, schedule[0][0].end = 2, and schedule[0][0][0] is not defined.)

Also, we wouldn’t include intervals like [5, 5] in our answer, as they have zero length.

Note:

  1. schedule and schedule[i] are lists with lengths in range [1, 50].
  2. 0 <= schedule[i].start < schedule[i].end <= 10^8.


Idea:

Merge Intervals (virtually)

Solution:

C++

Time complexity: O(nlogn)

Space complexity: O(n)

n is the total number of intervals, n <= 2500

Related Problems:

花花酱 LeetCode 57. Insert Interval

Problem:

Given a set of non-overlapping intervals, insert a new interval into the intervals (merge if necessary).

You may assume that the intervals were initially sorted according to their start times.

Example 1:
Given intervals [1,3],[6,9], insert and merge [2,5] in as [1,5],[6,9].

Example 2:
Given [1,2],[3,5],[6,7],[8,10],[12,16], insert and merge [4,9] in as [1,2],[3,10],[12,16].

This is because the new interval [4,9] overlaps with [3,5],[6,7],[8,10].



Idea:

Find the position of the new interval, insert it into the list and call MergeIntervals in LeetCode 56

Solution:

C++

 

Python

 

Solution 2:

C++

 

Python

 

Related problems:

花花酱 LeetCode 56. Merge Intervals

Problem:

Given a collection of intervals, merge all overlapping intervals.

For example,
Given [1,3],[2,6],[8,10],[15,18],
return [1,6],[8,10],[15,18].



Idea:

Sweep line

Solution:

C++

Python

 

Related Problems: