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花花酱 LeetCode 1819. Number of Different Subsequences GCDs

You are given an array nums that consists of positive integers.

The GCD of a sequence of numbers is defined as the greatest integer that divides all the numbers in the sequence evenly.

  • For example, the GCD of the sequence [4,6,16] is 2.

subsequence of an array is a sequence that can be formed by removing some elements (possibly none) of the array.

  • For example, [2,5,10] is a subsequence of [1,2,1,2,4,1,5,10].

Return the number of different GCDs among all non-empty subsequences of nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [6,10,3]
Output: 5
Explanation: The figure shows all the non-empty subsequences and their GCDs.
The different GCDs are 6, 10, 3, 2, and 1.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,15,40,5,6]
Output: 7


  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 2 * 105

Solution: Math

Enumerate all possible gcds (1 to max(nums)), and check whether there is a subset of the numbers that can form a given gcd i.
If we want to check whether 10 is a valid gcd, we found all multipliers of 10 in the array and compute their gcd.
ex1 gcd(10, 20, 30) = 10, true
ex2 gcd(20, 40, 80) = 20, false

Time complexity: O(mlogm)
Space complexity: O(m)


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