Given a 0-indexed integer array nums of length n and an integer k, return the number of pairs (i, j) such that:

• 0 <= i < j <= n - 1 and
• nums[i] * nums[j] is divisible by k.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5], k = 2
Output: 7
Explanation:
The 7 pairs of indices whose corresponding products are divisible by 2 are
(0, 1), (0, 3), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (2, 3), and (3, 4).
Their products are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 20 respectively.
Other pairs such as (0, 2) and (2, 4) have products 3 and 15 respectively, which are not divisible by 2.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4], k = 5
Output: 0
Explanation: There does not exist any pair of indices whose corresponding product is divisible by 5.


Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 105
• 1 <= nums[i], k <= 105

## Solution: Math

a * b % k == 0 <=> gcd(a, k) * gcd(b, k) == 0

Use a counter of gcd(x, k) so far to compute the number of pairs.

Time complexity: O(n*f), where f is the number of gcds, f <= 128 for x <= 1e5
Space complexity: O(f)

## C++

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