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Posts tagged as “delete”

花花酱 LeetCode 1110. Delete Nodes And Return Forest

Given the root of a binary tree, each node in the tree has a distinct value.

After deleting all nodes with a value in to_delete, we are left with a forest (a disjoint union of trees).

Return the roots of the trees in the remaining forest.  You may return the result in any order.

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7], to_delete = [3,5]
Output: [[1,2,null,4],[6],[7]]


  • The number of nodes in the given tree is at most 1000.
  • Each node has a distinct value between 1 and 1000.
  • to_delete.length <= 1000
  • to_delete contains distinct values between 1 and 1000.

Solution: Recursion / Post-order traversal

Recursively delete nodes on left subtree and right subtree and return the trimmed tree.
if the current node needs to be deleted, then its non-null children will be added to output array.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(|d| + h)



花花酱 LeetCode 712. Minimum ASCII Delete Sum for Two Strings


Given two strings s1, s2, find the lowest ASCII sum of deleted characters to make two strings equal.

Example 1:

Input: s1 = "sea", s2 = "eat"
Output: 231
Explanation: Deleting "s" from "sea" adds the ASCII value of "s" (115) to the sum.
Deleting "t" from "eat" adds 116 to the sum.
At the end, both strings are equal, and 115 + 116 = 231 is the minimum sum possible to achieve this.

Example 2:

Input: s1 = "delete", s2 = "leet"
Output: 403
Explanation: Deleting "dee" from "delete" to turn the string into "let",
adds 100[d]+101[e]+101[e] to the sum.  Deleting "e" from "leet" adds 101[e] to the sum.
At the end, both strings are equal to "let", and the answer is 100+101+101+101 = 403.
If instead we turned both strings into "lee" or "eet", we would get answers of 433 or 417, which are higher.


  • 0 < s1.length, s2.length <= 1000.
  • All elements of each string will have an ASCII value in [97, 122].

Solution: DP

Time complexity: O(l1 * l2)

Space complexity: O(l1 * l2)


Solution2: Recursion + Memorization

Time complexity: O(l1 * l2)

Space complexity: O(l1 * l2)


Related Problems


花花酱 LeetCode 450. Delete Node in a BST


Given a root node reference of a BST and a key, delete the node with the given key in the BST. Return the root node reference (possibly updated) of the BST.

Basically, the deletion can be divided into two stages:

  1. Search for a node to remove.
  2. If the node is found, delete the node.

Note: Time complexity should be O(height of tree).


root = [5,3,6,2,4,null,7]
key = 3

   / \
  3   6
 / \   \
2   4   7

Given key to delete is 3. So we find the node with value 3 and delete it.

One valid answer is [5,4,6,2,null,null,7], shown in the following BST.

   / \
  4   6
 /     \
2       7

Another valid answer is [5,2,6,null,4,null,7].

   / \
  2   6
   \   \
    4   7

Solution: Recursion

Time complexity: O(h)

Space complexity: O(h)