# Posts tagged as “intersection”

Given the heads of two singly linked-lists headA and headB, return the node at which the two lists intersect. If the two linked lists have no intersection at all, return null.

For example, the following two linked lists begin to intersect at node c1:

The test cases are generated such that there are no cycles anywhere in the entire linked structure.

Note that the linked lists must retain their original structure after the function returns.

Custom Judge:

The inputs to the judge are given as follows (your program is not given these inputs):

• intersectVal – The value of the node where the intersection occurs. This is 0 if there is no intersected node.
• listA – The first linked list.
• listB – The second linked list.
• skipA – The number of nodes to skip ahead in listA (starting from the head) to get to the intersected node.
• skipB – The number of nodes to skip ahead in listB (starting from the head) to get to the intersected node.

The judge will then create the linked structure based on these inputs and pass the two heads, headA and headB to your program. If you correctly return the intersected node, then your solution will be accepted.

Example 1:

Input: intersectVal = 8, listA = [4,1,8,4,5], listB = [5,6,1,8,4,5], skipA = 2, skipB = 3
Output: Intersected at '8'
Explanation: The intersected node's value is 8 (note that this must not be 0 if the two lists intersect).
From the head of A, it reads as [4,1,8,4,5]. From the head of B, it reads as [5,6,1,8,4,5]. There are 2 nodes before the intersected node in A; There are 3 nodes before the intersected node in B.


Example 2:

Input: intersectVal = 2, listA = [1,9,1,2,4], listB = [3,2,4], skipA = 3, skipB = 1
Output: Intersected at '2'
Explanation: The intersected node's value is 2 (note that this must not be 0 if the two lists intersect).
From the head of A, it reads as [1,9,1,2,4]. From the head of B, it reads as [3,2,4]. There are 3 nodes before the intersected node in A; There are 1 node before the intersected node in B.


Example 3:

Input: intersectVal = 0, listA = [2,6,4], listB = [1,5], skipA = 3, skipB = 2
Output: No intersection
Explanation: From the head of A, it reads as [2,6,4]. From the head of B, it reads as [1,5]. Since the two lists do not intersect, intersectVal must be 0, while skipA and skipB can be arbitrary values.
Explanation: The two lists do not intersect, so return null.


Constraints:

• The number of nodes of listA is in the m.
• The number of nodes of listB is in the n.
• 0 <= m, n <= 3 * 104
• 1 <= Node.val <= 105
• 0 <= skipA <= m
• 0 <= skipB <= n
• intersectVal is 0 if listA and listB do not intersect.
• intersectVal == listA[skipA] == listB[skipB] if listA and listB intersect.

Follow up: Could you write a solution that runs in O(n) time and use only O(1) memory?

## Solution 1: Two Passes by swapping heads

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given a sorted list of disjoint intervals, each interval intervals[i] = [a, b] represents the set of real numbers x such that a <= x < b.

We remove the intersections between any interval in intervals and the interval toBeRemoved.

Return a sorted list of intervals after all such removals.

Example 1:

Input: intervals = [[0,2],[3,4],[5,7]], toBeRemoved = [1,6]
Output: [[0,1],[6,7]]


Example 2:

Input: intervals = [[0,5]], toBeRemoved = [2,3]
Output: [[0,2],[3,5]]


Constraints:

• 1 <= intervals.length <= 10^4
• -10^9 <= intervals[i][0] < intervals[i][1] <= 10^9

## Solution: Geometry

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

# Problem

Given two arrays, write a function to compute their intersection.

Example:
Given nums1 = [1, 2, 2, 1]nums2 = [2, 2], return [2, 2].

Note:

• Each element in the result should appear as many times as it shows in both arrays.
• The result can be in any order.

• What if the given array is already sorted? How would you optimize your algorithm?
• What if nums1‘s size is small compared to nums2‘s size? Which algorithm is better?
• What if elements of nums2 are stored on disk, and the memory is limited such that you cannot load all elements into the memory at once?

# Solution1: Hashtable

Time complexity: O(m + n)

Space complexity: O(m)

Problem:

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays/description/

Given two arrays, write a function to compute their intersection.

Example:
Given nums1 = [1, 2, 2, 1]nums2 = [2, 2], return [2].

Note:

• Each element in the result must be unique.
• The result can be in any order.

C++ using std::set_intersection

C++ hashtable

Problem:

We are given a list schedule of employees, which represents the working time for each employee.

Each employee has a list of non-overlapping Intervals, and these intervals are in sorted order.

Return the list of finite intervals representing common, positive-length free time for all employees, also in sorted order.

Example 1:

Example 2:

(Even though we are representing Intervals in the form [x, y], the objects inside are Intervals, not lists or arrays. For example, schedule[0][0].start = 1, schedule[0][0].end = 2, and schedule[0][0][0] is not defined.)

Also, we wouldn’t include intervals like [5, 5] in our answer, as they have zero length.

Note:

1. schedule and schedule[i] are lists with lengths in range [1, 50].
2. 0 <= schedule[i].start < schedule[i].end <= 10^8.

Idea:

Merge Intervals (virtually)

Solution:

C++

Time complexity: O(nlogn)

Space complexity: O(n)

n is the total number of intervals, n <= 2500

Related Problems: