Given a number s in their binary representation. Return the number of steps to reduce it to 1 under the following rules:

• If the current number is even, you have to divide it by 2.
• If the current number is odd, you have to add 1 to it.

It’s guaranteed that you can always reach to one for all testcases.

Example 1:

Input: s = "1101"
Output: 6
Explanation: "1101" corressponds to number 13 in their decimal representation.
Step 1) 13 is odd, add 1 and obtain 14.
Step 2) 14 is even, divide by 2 and obtain 7.
Step 3) 7 is odd, add 1 and obtain 8.
Step 4) 8 is even, divide by 2 and obtain 4.
Step 5) 4 is even, divide by 2 and obtain 2.
Step 6) 2 is even, divide by 2 and obtain 1.

Example 2:

Input: s = "10"
Output: 1
Explanation: "10" corressponds to number 2 in their decimal representation.
Step 1) 2 is even, divide by 2 and obtain 1.

Example 3:

Input: s = "1"
Output: 0

Constraints:

• 1 <= s.length <= 500
• s consists of characters ‘0’ or ‘1’
• s[0] == '1'

## Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## Python3

If you like my articles / videos, donations are welcome.

Buy anything from Amazon to support our website

Paypal
Venmo
huahualeetcode