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花花酱 LeetCode 2130. Maximum Twin Sum of a Linked List

In a linked list of size n, where n is even, the ith node (0-indexed) of the linked list is known as the twin of the (n-1-i)th node, if 0 <= i <= (n / 2) - 1.

  • For example, if n = 4, then node 0 is the twin of node 3, and node 1 is the twin of node 2. These are the only nodes with twins for n = 4.

The twin sum is defined as the sum of a node and its twin.

Given the head of a linked list with even length, return the maximum twin sum of the linked list.

Example 1:

Input: head = [5,4,2,1]
Output: 6
Nodes 0 and 1 are the twins of nodes 3 and 2, respectively. All have twin sum = 6.
There are no other nodes with twins in the linked list.
Thus, the maximum twin sum of the linked list is 6. 

Example 2:

Input: head = [4,2,2,3]
Output: 7
The nodes with twins present in this linked list are:
- Node 0 is the twin of node 3 having a twin sum of 4 + 3 = 7.
- Node 1 is the twin of node 2 having a twin sum of 2 + 2 = 4.
Thus, the maximum twin sum of the linked list is max(7, 4) = 7. 

Example 3:

Input: head = [1,100000]
Output: 100001
There is only one node with a twin in the linked list having twin sum of 1 + 100000 = 100001.


  • The number of nodes in the list is an even integer in the range [2, 105].
  • 1 <= Node.val <= 105

Solution: Two Pointers + Reverse List

Use fast slow pointers to find the middle point and reverse the second half.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)


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