# Problem

In an exam room, there are N seats in a single row, numbered 0, 1, 2, ..., N-1.

When a student enters the room, they must sit in the seat that maximizes the distance to the closest person.  If there are multiple such seats, they sit in the seat with the lowest number.  (Also, if no one is in the room, then the student sits at seat number 0.)

Return a class ExamRoom(int N) that exposes two functions: ExamRoom.seat() returning an int representing what seat the student sat in, and ExamRoom.leave(int p) representing that the student in seat number p now leaves the room.  It is guaranteed that any calls to ExamRoom.leave(p) have a student sitting in seat p.

Example 1:

Input: ["ExamRoom","seat","seat","seat","seat","leave","seat"], [,[],[],[],[],,[]]
Output: [null,0,9,4,2,null,5]
Explanation:
ExamRoom(10) -> null
seat() -> 0, no one is in the room, then the student sits at seat number 0.
seat() -> 9, the student sits at the last seat number 9.
seat() -> 4, the student sits at the last seat number 4.
seat() -> 2, the student sits at the last seat number 2.
leave(4) -> null
seat() -> 5, the student​​​​​​​ sits at the last seat number 5.


​​​​Note:

1. 1 <= N <= 10^9
2. ExamRoom.seat() and ExamRoom.leave() will be called at most 10^4 times across all test cases.
3. Calls to ExamRoom.leave(p) are guaranteed to have a student currently sitting in seat number p.

# Solution: BST

Use a BST (ordered set) to track the current seatings.

Time Complexity:

init: O(1)

seat: O(P)

leave: O(logP)

Space complexity: O(P)

# Problem

https://leetcode.com/problems/third-maximum-number/description/

Given a non-empty array of integers, return the third maximum number in this array. If it does not exist, return the maximum number. The time complexity must be in O(n).

Example 1:

Input: [3, 2, 1]

Output: 1

Explanation: The third maximum is 1.


Example 2:

Input: [1, 2]

Output: 2

Explanation: The third maximum does not exist, so the maximum (2) is returned instead.


Example 3:

Input: [2, 2, 3, 1]

Output: 1

Explanation: Note that the third maximum here means the third maximum distinct number.
Both numbers with value 2 are both considered as second maximum.

# Solution: Set

Time complexity: O(n)

Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Python3

Problem:

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays/description/

Given two arrays, write a function to compute their intersection.

Example:
Given nums1 = [1, 2, 2, 1]nums2 = [2, 2], return .

Note:

• Each element in the result must be unique.
• The result can be in any order.

C++ using std::set_intersection

C++ hashtable