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Posts tagged as “sqrt”

花花酱 LeetCode 1390. Four Divisors

Given an integer array nums, return the sum of divisors of the integers in that array that have exactly four divisors.

If there is no such integer in the array, return 0.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [21,4,7]
Output: 32
Explanation:
21 has 4 divisors: 1, 3, 7, 21
4 has 3 divisors: 1, 2, 4
7 has 2 divisors: 1, 7
The answer is the sum of divisors of 21 only.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 10^4
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 10^5

Solution: Math

If a number is a perfect square (e.g. 9 = 3 * 3), it will have odd number of divisors. (9: 1, 3, 9).

Time complexity: O(sum(sqrt(num_i))
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1362. Closest Divisors

Given an integer num, find the closest two integers in absolute difference whose product equals num + 1 or num + 2.

Return the two integers in any order.

Example 1:

Input: num = 8
Output: [3,3]
Explanation: For num + 1 = 9, the closest divisors are 3 & 3, for num + 2 = 10, the closest divisors are 2 & 5, hence 3 & 3 is chosen.

Example 2:

Input: num = 123
Output: [5,25]

Example 3:

Input: num = 999
Output: [40,25]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= num <= 10^9

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(sqrt(n))
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Python3

花花酱 LeetCode 633. Sum of Square Numbers

Problem

Given a non-negative integer c, your task is to decide whether there’re two integers a and b such that a2 + b2 = c.

Example 1:

Input: 5
Output: True
Explanation: 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 = 5

Example 2:

Input: 3
Output: False

Solution: Math

Time complexity: O(sqrt(c))

Space complexity: O(1)

 

花花酱 LeetCode 492. Construct the Rectangle

Problem

For a web developer, it is very important to know how to design a web page’s size. So, given a specific rectangular web page’s area, your job by now is to design a rectangular web page, whose length L and width W satisfy the following requirements:

1. The area of the rectangular web page you designed must equal to the given target area.

2. The width W should not be larger than the length L, which means L >= W.

3. The difference between length L and width W should be as small as possible.

You need to output the length L and the width W of the web page you designed in sequence.

Example:

Input: 4
Output: [2, 2]
Explanation: The target area is 4, and all the possible ways to construct it are [1,4], [2,2], [4,1]. 
But according to requirement 2, [1,4] is illegal; according to requirement 3,  [4,1] is not optimal compared to [2,2]. So the length L is 2, and the width W is 2.

Note:

  1. The given area won’t exceed 10,000,000 and is a positive integer
  2. The web page’s width and length you designed must be positive integers.

Solution

Time complexity: O(sqrt(n))

Space complexity: O(1)

C++

 

花花酱 LeetCode 507. Perfect Number

Problem

题目大意:判断一个数的因数和是不是等于它本身。

https://leetcode.com/problems/perfect-number/description/

We define the Perfect Number is a positive integer that is equal to the sum of all its positive divisors except itself.

Now, given an integer n, write a function that returns true when it is a perfect number and false when it is not.

Example:

Input: 28
Output: True
Explanation: 28 = 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14

Note: The input number n will not exceed 100,000,000. (1e8)

Solution: Brute Force

Try allnumbers from 1 to n – 1.

Time complexity: O(n) TLE for prime numbers

Space complexity: O(1)

Solution: Math

Try all numbers from 2 to sqrt(n).

If number i is a divisor of n then n/i is another one.

Be careful about the case when i == n/i, only one should be added to the sum.

Time complexity: O(sqrt(n))

Space complexity: O(1)

C++