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# Posts tagged as “two pointers”

Given an array of integers A sorted in non-decreasing order, return an array of the squares of each number, also in sorted non-decreasing order.

Example 1:

Input: [-4,-1,0,3,10]
Output: [0,1,9,16,100]

Example 2:

Input: [-7,-3,2,3,11]
Output: [4,9,9,49,121]

Note:

1. 1 <= A.length <= 10000
2. -10000 <= A[i] <= 10000
3. A is sorted in non-decreasing order.

## Solution: Two pointers + Merge two sorted arrays

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

# Problem

Your friend is typing his name into a keyboard.  Sometimes, when typing a character c, the key might get long pressed, and the character will be typed 1 or more times.

You examine the typed characters of the keyboard.  Return True if it is possible that it was your friends name, with some characters (possibly none) being long pressed.

Example 1:

Input: name = "alex", typed = "aaleex"
Output: true
Explanation: 'a' and 'e' in 'alex' were long pressed.

Example 2:

Input: name = "saeed", typed = "ssaaedd"
Output: false
Explanation: 'e' must have been pressed twice, but it wasn't in the typed output.

Example 3:

Input: name = "leelee", typed = "lleeelee"
Output: true

Example 4:

Input: name = "laiden", typed = "laiden"
Output: true
Explanation: It's not necessary to long press any character.

Note:

1. name.length <= 1000
2. typed.length <= 1000
3. The characters of name and typed are lowercase letters.

# Solution: Two Pointers

Time complexity: O(n)

Space complexity: O(1)

# Problem

Given a string S, return the “reversed” string where all characters that are not a letter stay in the same place, and all letters reverse their positions.

Example 1:

Input: "ab-cd"
Output: "dc-ba"

Example 2:

Input: "a-bC-dEf-ghIj"
Output: "j-Ih-gfE-dCba"

Example 3:

Input: "Test1ng-Leet=code-Q!"
Output: "Qedo1ct-eeLg=ntse-T!"

Note:

1. S.length <= 100
2. 33 <= S[i].ASCIIcode <= 122
3. S doesn’t contain \ or "

# Solution: Two Pointers

Time complexity: O(n)

Space complexity: O(1) – in place

# Problem

Given an array nums of n integers and an integer target, find three integers in nums such that the sum is closest to target. Return the sum of the three integers. You may assume that each input would have exactly one solution.

Example:

Given array nums = [-1, 2, 1, -4], and target = 1.

The sum that is closest to the target is 2. (-1 + 2 + 1 = 2).

# Solution: Sorting + Two Pointers

Similar to 花花酱 LeetCode 15. 3Sum

Time complexity: O(n^2)

Space complexity: O(1)

# Problem

Assume you are an awesome parent and want to give your children some cookies. But, you should give each child at most one cookie. Each child i has a greed factor gi, which is the minimum size of a cookie that the child will be content with; and each cookie j has a size sj. If sj >= gi, we can assign the cookie j to the child i, and the child i will be content. Your goal is to maximize the number of your content children and output the maximum number.

Note:
You may assume the greed factor is always positive.
You cannot assign more than one cookie to one child.

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,3], [1,1]

Output: 1

Explanation: You have 3 children and 2 cookies. The greed factors of 3 children are 1, 2, 3.
And even though you have 2 cookies, since their size is both 1, you could only make the child whose greed factor is 1 content.
You need to output 1.

Example 2:

Input: [1,2], [1,2,3]

Output: 2

Explanation: You have 2 children and 3 cookies. The greed factors of 2 children are 1, 2.
You have 3 cookies and their sizes are big enough to gratify all of the children,
You need to output 2.

# Solution: Greedy + Two Pointers

Time complexity: O(mlogm + nlogn)

Space complexity: O(1)