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花花酱 LeetCode 222. Count Complete Tree Nodes

Given the root of a complete binary tree, return the number of the nodes in the tree.

According to Wikipedia, every level, except possibly the last, is completely filled in a complete binary tree, and all nodes in the last level are as far left as possible. It can have between 1 and 2h nodes inclusive at the last level h.

Design an algorithm that runs in less than O(n) time complexity.

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,6]
Output: 6

Example 2:

Input: root = []
Output: 0

Example 3:

Input: root = [1]
Output: 1


  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [0, 5 * 104].
  • 0 <= Node.val <= 5 * 104
  • The tree is guaranteed to be complete.

Solution: Recursion

For each node, count the height of it’s left and right subtree by going left only.

Let L = height(left) R = height(root), if L == R, which means the left subtree is perfect.
It has (2^L – 1) nodes, +1 root, we only need to count nodes of right subtree recursively.
If L != R, L must be R + 1 since the tree is complete, which means the right subtree is perfect.
It has (2^(L-1) – 1) nodes, +1 root, we only need to count nodes of left subtree recursively.

Time complexity: T(n) = T(n/2) + O(logn) = O(logn*logn)

Space complexity: O(logn)


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