https://leetcode.com/problems/redundant-connection/description/

Problem:

In this problem, a tree is an undirected graph that is connected and has no cycles.

The given input is a graph that started as a tree with N nodes (with distinct values 1, 2, …, N), with one additional edge added. The added edge has two different vertices chosen from 1 to N, and was not an edge that already existed.

The resulting graph is given as a 2D-array of edges. Each element of edges is a pair [u, v] with u < v, that represents an undirected edge connecting nodes u and v.

Return an edge that can be removed so that the resulting graph is a tree of N nodes. If there are multiple answers, return the answer that occurs last in the given 2D-array. The answer edge [u, v] should be in the same format, with u < v.

Example 1:

Example 2:

Note:

• The size of the input 2D-array will be between 3 and 1000.
• Every integer represented in the 2D-array will be between 1 and N, where N is the size of the input array.

Idea:
DFS / Union-Find

Solutions:

C++ / DFS

C++ / Union Find

Java / Union Find

Python: Union Find

Python / Union Find V2

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## One Comment

1. haoxianghua June 19, 2018

in the union function, the rank isn’t updated