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花花酱 LeetCode 1268. Search Suggestions System

Given an array of strings products and a string searchWord. We want to design a system that suggests at most three product names from products after each character of searchWord is typed. Suggested products should have common prefix with the searchWord. If there are more than three products with a common prefix return the three lexicographically minimums products.

Return list of lists of the suggested products after each character of searchWord is typed. 

Example 1:

Input: products = ["mobile","mouse","moneypot","monitor","mousepad"], searchWord = "mouse"
Output: [
Explanation: products sorted lexicographically = ["mobile","moneypot","monitor","mouse","mousepad"]
After typing m and mo all products match and we show user ["mobile","moneypot","monitor"]
After typing mou, mous and mouse the system suggests ["mouse","mousepad"]

Example 2:

Input: products = ["havana"], searchWord = "havana"
Output: [["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"],["havana"]]

Example 3:

Input: products = ["bags","baggage","banner","box","cloths"], searchWord = "bags"
Output: [["baggage","bags","banner"],["baggage","bags","banner"],["baggage","bags"],["bags"]]

Example 4:

Input: products = ["havana"], searchWord = "tatiana"
Output: [[],[],[],[],[],[],[]]


  • 1 <= products.length <= 1000
  • 1 <= Σ products[i].length <= 2 * 10^4
  • All characters of products[i] are lower-case English letters.
  • 1 <= searchWord.length <= 1000
  • All characters of searchWord are lower-case English letters.

Solution 1: Binary Search

Sort the input array and do two binary searches.
One for prefix of the search word as lower bound, another for prefix + ‘~’ as upper bound.
‘~’ > ‘z’

Time complexity: O(nlogn + l * logn)
Space complexity: O(1)


Solution 2: Trie

Initialization: Sum(len(products[i]))
Query: O(len(searchWord))


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