You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums and an integer k. Your task is to perform the following operation exactly k times in order to maximize your score:

1. Select an element m from nums.
2. Remove the selected element m from the array.
3. Add a new element with a value of m + 1 to the array.
4. Increase your score by m.

Return the maximum score you can achieve after performing the operation exactly k times.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5], k = 3
Output: 18
Explanation: We need to choose exactly 3 elements from nums to maximize the sum.
For the first iteration, we choose 5. Then sum is 5 and nums = [1,2,3,4,6]
For the second iteration, we choose 6. Then sum is 5 + 6 and nums = [1,2,3,4,7]
For the third iteration, we choose 7. Then sum is 5 + 6 + 7 = 18 and nums = [1,2,3,4,8]
So, we will return 18.
It can be proven, that 18 is the maximum answer that we can achieve.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,5,5], k = 2
Output: 11
Explanation: We need to choose exactly 2 elements from nums to maximize the sum.
For the first iteration, we choose 5. Then sum is 5 and nums = [5,5,6]
For the second iteration, we choose 6. Then sum is 5 + 6 = 11 and nums = [5,5,7]
So, we will return 11.
It can be proven, that 11 is the maximum answer that we can achieve.


Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 100
• 1 <= nums[i] <= 100
• 1 <= k <= 100

## Solution: Greedy

Always to chose the largest element from the array.

We can find the largest element of the array m, then the total score will be
m + (m + 1) + (m + 2) + … + (m + k – 1),
We can use summation formula of arithmetic sequence to compute that in O(1)
ans = (m + (m + k – 1)) * k / 2

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

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