Given an array of integers arr, you are initially positioned at the first index of the array.

In one step you can jump from index i to index:

• i + 1 where: i + 1 < arr.length.
• i - 1 where: i - 1 >= 0.
• j where: arr[i] == arr[j] and i != j.

Return the minimum number of steps to reach the last index of the array.

Notice that you can not jump outside of the array at any time.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [100,-23,-23,404,100,23,23,23,3,404]
Output: 3
Explanation: You need three jumps from index 0 --> 4 --> 3 --> 9. Note that index 9 is the last index of the array.


Example 2:

Input: arr = [7]
Output: 0
Explanation: Start index is the last index. You don't need to jump.


Example 3:

Input: arr = [7,6,9,6,9,6,9,7]
Output: 1
Explanation: You can jump directly from index 0 to index 7 which is last index of the array.


Example 4:

Input: arr = [6,1,9]
Output: 2


Example 5:

Input: arr = [11,22,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,22,13]
Output: 3


Constraints:

• 1 <= arr.length <= 5 * 10^4
• -10^8 <= arr[i] <= 10^8

## Solution: HashTable + BFS

Use a hashtable to store the indices of each unique number.

each index i has neighbors (i-1, i + 1, hashtable[arr[i]])

Use BFS to find the shortest path in this unweighted graph.

Key optimization, clear hashtable[arr[i]] after the first use, since all nodes are already on queue, no longer needed.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

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