Given a string s1, we may represent it as a binary tree by partitioning it to two non-empty substrings recursively.

Below is one possible representation of s1 = "great":

great
/    \
gr    eat
/ \    /  \
g   r  e   at
/ \
a   t

To scramble the string, we may choose any non-leaf node and swap its two children.

For example, if we choose the node "gr" and swap its two children, it produces a scrambled string "rgeat".

rgeat
/    \
rg    eat
/ \    /  \
r   g  e   at
/ \
a   t

We say that "rgeat" is a scrambled string of "great".

Similarly, if we continue to swap the children of nodes "eat" and "at", it produces a scrambled string "rgtae".

rgtae
/    \
rg    tae
/ \    /  \
r   g  ta  e
/ \
t   a

We say that "rgtae" is a scrambled string of "great".

Given two strings s1 and s2 of the same length, determine if s2 is a scrambled string of s1.

Example 1:

Input: s1 = "great", s2 = "rgeat"
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: s1 = "abcde", s2 = "caebd"
Output: false

## Solution: Recursion

isScramble(s1, s2)
if s1 == s2: return true
if sorted(s1) != sroted(s2): return false
We try all possible partitions:

1. s1[0:l] v.s s2[0:l] && s1[l:] vs s2[l:]
2. s1[0:l] vs s2[L-l:l] && s1[l:] vs s2[0:L-l]

Time complexity: O(n^5)
Space complexity: O(n^4)

## Python3

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