You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums, where nums[i] is a digit between 0 and 9 (inclusive).

The triangular sum of nums is the value of the only element present in nums after the following process terminates:

1. Let nums comprise of n elements. If n == 1end the process. Otherwise, create a new 0-indexed integer array newNums of length n - 1.
2. For each index i, where 0 <= i < n - 1assign the value of newNums[i] as (nums[i] + nums[i+1]) % 10, where % denotes modulo operator.
3. Replace the array nums with newNums.
4. Repeat the entire process starting from step 1.

Return the triangular sum of nums.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 8
Explanation:
The above diagram depicts the process from which we obtain the triangular sum of the array.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5]
Output: 5
Explanation:
Since there is only one element in nums, the triangular sum is the value of that element itself.

Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
• 0 <= nums[i] <= 9

Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n2)
Space complexity: O(n)

## C++

If you like my articles / videos, donations are welcome.

Buy anything from Amazon to support our website

Paypal
Venmo
huahualeetcode