Press "Enter" to skip to content

花花酱 LeetCode 1145. Binary Tree Coloring Game

Two players play a turn based game on a binary tree.  We are given the root of this binary tree, and the number of nodes n in the tree.  n is odd, and each node has a distinct value from 1 to n.

Initially, the first player names a value x with 1 <= x <= n, and the second player names a value y with 1 <= y <= n and y != x.  The first player colors the node with value x red, and the second player colors the node with value yblue.

Then, the players take turns starting with the first player.  In each turn, that player chooses a node of their color (red if player 1, blue if player 2) and colors an uncolored neighbor of the chosen node (either the left child, right child, or parent of the chosen node.)

If (and only if) a player cannot choose such a node in this way, they must pass their turn.  If both players pass their turn, the game ends, and the winner is the player that colored more nodes.

You are the second player.  If it is possible to choose such a y to ensure you win the game, return true.  If it is not possible, return false.

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11], n = 11, x = 3
Output: true
Explanation: The second player can choose the node with value 2.


  • root is the root of a binary tree with n nodes and distinct node values from 1 to n.
  • n is odd.
  • 1 <= x <= n <= 100

Solution: Count size of red’s subtrees

There are two situations that blue can win.
1. one of the red’s subtree has more than n>>1 nodes. Blue colorize the root of the larger subtree.
2. red and its children has size less or equal to n>>1. Blue colorize red’s parent.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(h)


If you like my articles / videos, donations are welcome.

Buy anything from Amazon to support our website


Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply