You have n binary tree nodes numbered from 0 to n - 1 where node i has two children leftChild[i] and rightChild[i], return true if and only if all the given nodes form exactly one valid binary tree.

If node i has no left child then leftChild[i] will equal -1, similarly for the right child.

Note that the nodes have no values and that we only use the node numbers in this problem.

Example 1:

Input: n = 4, leftChild = [1,-1,3,-1], rightChild = [2,-1,-1,-1]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: n = 4, leftChild = [1,-1,3,-1], rightChild = [2,3,-1,-1]
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: n = 2, leftChild = [1,0], rightChild = [-1,-1]
Output: false

Example 4:

Input: n = 6, leftChild = [1,-1,-1,4,-1,-1], rightChild = [2,-1,-1,5,-1,-1]
Output: false

Constraints:

• 1 <= n <= 10^4
• leftChild.length == rightChild.length == n
• -1 <= leftChild[i], rightChild[i] <= n - 1

Solution: Count in-degrees for each node

in degree must <= 1 and there must be exact one node that has 0 in-degree.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

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