Given an array A of positive integers, call a (contiguous, not necessarily distinct) subarray of A good if the number of different integers in that subarray is exactly K.

(For example, [1,2,3,1,2] has 3 different integers: 12, and 3.)

Return the number of good subarrays of A.

Example 1:

Input: A = [1,2,1,2,3], K = 2
Output: 7
Explanation: Subarrays formed with exactly 2 different integers: [1,2], [2,1], [1,2], [2,3], [1,2,1], [2,1,2], [1,2,1,2].


Example 2:

Input: A = [1,2,1,3,4], K = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: Subarrays formed with exactly 3 different integers: [1,2,1,3], [2,1,3], [1,3,4].


Note:

1. 1 <= A.length <= 20000
2. 1 <= A[i] <= A.length
3. 1 <= K <= A.length

## Solution: Two pointers + indirection

Let f(x) denote the number of subarrays with x or less distinct numbers.
ans = f(K) – f(K-1)
It takes O(n) Time and O(n) Space to compute f(x)

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