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花花酱 LeetCode 633. Sum of Square Numbers

Problem

Given a non-negative integer c, your task is to decide whether there’re two integers a and b such that a2 + b2 = c.

Example 1:

Input: 5
Output: True
Explanation: 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 = 5

Example 2:

Input: 3
Output: False

Solution: Math

Time complexity: O(sqrt(c))

Space complexity: O(1)

 

花花酱 LeetCode 622. Design Circular Queue

Problem

Design your implementation of the circular queue. The circular queue is a linear data structure in which the operations are performed based on FIFO (First In First Out) principle and the last position is connected back to the first position to make a circle. It is also called ‘Ring Buffer’.
One of the Benefits of the circular queue is that we can make use of the spaces in front of the queue. In a normal queue, once the queue becomes full, we can not insert the next element even if there is a space in front of the queue. But using the circular queue, we can use the space to store new values.
Your implementation should support following operations:

  • MyCircularQueue(k): Constructor, set the size of the queue to be k.
  • Front: Get the front item from the queue. If the queue is empty, return -1.
  • Rear: Get the last item from the queue. If the queue is empty, return -1.
  • enQueue(value): Insert an element into the circular queue. Return true if the operation is successful.
  • deQueue(): Delete an element from the circular queue. Return true if the operation is successful.
  • isEmpty(): Checks whether the circular queue is empty or not.
  • isFull(): Checks whether the circular queue is full or not.

Example:

Note:

  • All values will be in the range of [1, 1000].
  • The number of operations will be in the range of [1, 1000].
  • Please do not use the built-in Queue library.

Solution: Deque [Cheating]

C++

Solution2: Array

 

 

花花酱 LeetCode 95. Unique Binary Search Trees II

Problem

https://leetcode.com/problems/unique-binary-search-trees-ii/description/

Given an integer n, generate all structurally unique BST’s (binary search trees) that store values 1…n.

For example,
Given n = 3, your program should return all 5 unique BST’s shown below.

 

Idea: Recursion

for i in 1..n: pick i as root,
left subtrees can be generated in the same way for n_l = 1 … i – 1,
right subtrees can be generated in the same way for n_r = i + 1, …, n
def gen(s, e):
return [tree(i, l, r) for l in gen(s, i – 1) for r in gen(i + 1, e) for i in range(s, e+1)

# of trees:

n = 0: 1
n = 1: 1
n = 2: 2
n = 3: 5
n = 4: 14
n = 5: 42
n = 6: 132

Trees(n) = Trees(0)*Trees(n-1) + Trees(1)*Trees(n-2) + … + Tress(n-1)*Trees(0)

Time complexity: O(3^n)

Space complexity: O(3^n)

C++

Java

Python 3

Solution 2: DP

Java

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