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花花酱 LeetCode 785. Is Graph Bipartite?

Video is for 花花酱 LeetCode 886. Possible Bipartition, but the algorithm is exact the same.


Given an undirected graph, return true if and only if it is bipartite.

Recall that a graph is bipartite if we can split it’s set of nodes into two independent subsets A and B such that every edge in the graph has one node in A and another node in B.

The graph is given in the following form: graph[i] is a list of indexes j for which the edge between nodes i and j exists.  Each node is an integer between 0 and graph.length - 1.  There are no self edges or parallel edges: graph[i] does not contain i, and it doesn’t contain any element twice.

Example 1:
Input: [[1,3], [0,2], [1,3], [0,2]]
Output: true
The graph looks like this:
|    |
|    |
We can divide the vertices into two groups: {0, 2} and {1, 3}.
Example 2:
Input: [[1,2,3], [0,2], [0,1,3], [0,2]]
Output: false
The graph looks like this:
| \  |
|  \ |
We cannot find a way to divide the set of nodes into two independent subsets.



  • graph will have length in range [1, 100].
  • graph[i] will contain integers in range [0, graph.length - 1].
  • graph[i] will not contain i or duplicate values.
  • The graph is undirected: if any element j is in graph[i], then i will be in graph[j].

Solution: Graph Coloring

For each node

  • If has not been colored, color it to RED(1).
  • Color its neighbors with a different color RED(1) to BLUE(-1) or BLUE(-1) to RED(-1).

If we can finish the coloring then the graph is bipartite. All red nodes on the left no connections between them and all blues nodes on the right, again no connections between them. red and blue nodes are neighbors.

Time complexity: O(V+E)

Space complexity: O(V)

C++ / DFS

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