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花花酱 LeetCode 2441. Largest Positive Integer That Exists With Its Negative

Given an integer array nums that does not contain any zeros, find the largest positive integer k such that -k also exists in the array.

Return the positive integer k. If there is no such integer, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [-1,2,-3,3]
Output: 3
Explanation: 3 is the only valid k we can find in the array.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [-1,10,6,7,-7,1]
Output: 7
Explanation: Both 1 and 7 have their corresponding negative values in the array. 7 has a larger value.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [-10,8,6,7,-2,-3]
Output: -1
Explanation: There is no a single valid k, we return -1.


  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • -1000 <= nums[i] <= 1000
  • nums[i] != 0

Solution 1: Hashtable

We can do in one pass by checking whether -x in the hashtable and update ans with abs(x) if so.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)


Solution 2: Sorting

Sort the array by abs(x) in descending order.

[-1,10,6,7,-7,1] becomes = [-1, 1, 6, -7, 7, 10]

Check whether arr[i] = -arr[i-1].

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)


Solution 3: Two Pointers

Sort the array.

Let sum = nums[i] + nums[j], sum == 0, we find one pair, if sum < 0, ++i else –j.

Time complexity: O(nlogn)
Space complexity: O(1)


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