# Problem

https://leetcode.com/problems/bus-routes/description/

We have a list of bus routes. Each routes[i] is a bus route that the i-th bus repeats forever. For example if routes[0] = [1, 5, 7], this means that the first bus (0-th indexed) travels in the sequence 1->5->7->1->5->7->1->… forever.

We start at bus stop S (initially not on a bus), and we want to go to bus stop T. Travelling by buses only, what is the least number of buses we must take to reach our destination? Return -1 if it is not possible.

Example:
Input:
routes = [[1, 2, 7], [3, 6, 7]]
S = 1
T = 6
Output: 2
Explanation:
The best strategy is take the first bus to the bus stop 7, then take the second bus to the bus stop 6.


Note:

• 1 <= routes.length <= 500.
• 1 <= routes[i].length <= 500.
• 0 <= routes[i][j] < 10 ^ 6.

# Solution: BFS

Time Complexity: O(m*n) m: # of buses, n: # of routes

Space complexity: O(m*n + m)

C++

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