# Problem

https://leetcode.com/problems/race-car/description/

Your car starts at position 0 and speed +1 on an infinite number line.  (Your car can go into negative positions.)

Your car drives automatically according to a sequence of instructions A (accelerate) and R (reverse).

When you get an instruction “A”, your car does the following: position += speed, speed *= 2.

When you get an instruction “R”, your car does the following: if your speed is positive then speed = -1 , otherwise speed = 1.  (Your position stays the same.)

For example, after commands “AAR”, your car goes to positions 0->1->3->3, and your speed goes to 1->2->4->-1.

Now for some target position, say the length of the shortest sequence of instructions to get there.

Example 1:
Input:
target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation:
The shortest instruction sequence is "AA".

Example 2:
Input:
target = 6
Output: 5
Explanation:
The shortest instruction sequence is "AAARA".


Note:

• 1 <= target <= 10000.

# Solution 3: DP O(T^2)

m[t][d] : min steps to reach t and facing d (0 = right, 1 = left)

Time Complexity: O(n^2)

Space complexity: O(n)

## Java

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