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A string is a valid parentheses string (denoted VPS) if it meets one of the following:

• It is an empty string "", or a single character not equal to "(" or ")",
• It can be written as AB (A concatenated with B), where A and B are VPS‘s, or
• It can be written as (A), where A is a VPS.

We can similarly define the nesting depth depth(S) of any VPS S as follows:

• depth("") = 0
• depth(A + B) = max(depth(A), depth(B)), where A and B are VPS‘s
• depth("(" + A + ")") = 1 + depth(A), where A is a VPS.

For example, """()()", and "()(()())" are VPS‘s (with nesting depths 0, 1, and 2), and ")(" and "(()" are not VPS‘s.

Given a VPS represented as string s, return the nesting depth of s.

Example 1:

Input: s = "(1+(2*3)+((8)/4))+1"
Output: 3
Explanation: Digit 8 is inside of 3 nested parentheses in the string.


Example 2:

Input: s = "(1)+((2))+(((3)))"
Output: 3


Example 3:

Input: s = "1+(2*3)/(2-1)"
Output: 1


Example 4:

Input: s = "1"
Output: 0


Constraints:

• 1 <= s.length <= 100
• s consists of digits 0-9 and characters '+''-''*''/''(', and ')'.
• It is guaranteed that parentheses expression s is a VPS.

## Solution: Stack

We only need to deal with ‘(‘ and ‘)’

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

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