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花花酱 LeetCode 804. Unique Morse Code Words

Problem

题目大意:给你一些单词,问这些单词的莫斯密码共有几种形式。

International Morse Code defines a standard encoding where each letter is mapped to a series of dots and dashes, as follows: "a" maps to ".-""b" maps to "-...""c" maps to "-.-.", and so on.

For convenience, the full table for the 26 letters of the English alphabet is given below:

[".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]

Now, given a list of words, each word can be written as a concatenation of the Morse code of each letter. For example, “cab” can be written as “-.-.-….-“, (which is the concatenation “-.-.” + “-…” + “.-“). We’ll call such a concatenation, the transformation of a word.

Return the number of different transformations among all words we have.

Example:
Input: words = ["gin", "zen", "gig", "msg"]
Output: 2
Explanation: 
The transformation of each word is:
"gin" -> "--...-."
"zen" -> "--...-."
"gig" -> "--...--."
"msg" -> "--...--."

There are 2 different transformations, "--...-." and "--...--.".

 

Note:

  • The length of words will be at most 100.
  • Each words[i] will have length in range [1, 12].
  • words[i] will only consist of lowercase letters.

Solution: HashTable

Time Complexity: O(n)

Space Complexity: O(n)

C++

 

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